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Winnipeg Library Addition / Patkau Architects + LM Architectural Group

  • 00:00 - 3 January, 2011
Winnipeg Library Addition / Patkau Architects + LM Architectural Group
Winnipeg Library Addition / Patkau Architects + LM Architectural Group, © James Dow
© James Dow

© James Dow © James Dow © James Dow © James Dow + 24

  • Architects

    Patkau Architects and LM Architectural Group
  • Location

    Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
  • Category

  • Project Team

    Samantha Hayes, Maureen Kwong, Hector Lo, Imke Maron, Tokimi Ota, John Patkau, Patricia Patkau, Christian Schulte, Craig Simms, Yong Sun, Peter Suter (Patkau Architects), David Kressock, Ken Duchnycz, Andrew Brimble, Greg Tomaszewski, Lloyd Mymko, Brent Mehyden, Robert Winslow, Ron Kinash (LM Architectural Group)
  • Structural Engineering

    Crosier Kilgour & Partners Ltd.
  • Mechanical Engineering

    SMS Engineering Ltd.
  • Electrical Engineering

    MCW/AGE Consulting Professional Engineers
  • Landscape Architecture

    Hilderman Thomas Frank Cram
  • Signage

  • Code

    Gage-Babcock and Associates Ltd.
  • Acoustic

    Daniel Lyzun Associates
  • Contractor

    Manshield Construction
  • Owner

    City of Winnipeg Library Services, City of Winnipeg Planning, Property, and Development Department
  • Area

    115000.0 m2
  • Project Year

  • Photographs

Text description provided by the architects. Winnipeg Centennial Library was originally constructed in 1976 as a three-story building occupying a city block and an adjacent public park. The existing library, constructed of reinforced concrete exposed to the interior and pre-cast panel exterior, felt very disconnected from its surroundings including the park. The addition to the library, which began in 2002 as the winning entry in an invited design competition, includes reorganization and expansion of the collections, reconfiguration of the circulation systems, and creation of new social spaces, as well as renovation of the existing library.

© James Dow
© James Dow

Both the existing library, roughly triangular in plan, and green space stand on a below-grade parking garage.  Expanding the library into the park would have destroyed valuable public green space and required costly foundation reinforcement within the parking garage. An alternative was to extend the library upward. Fortunately, the building had the structural capacity to accept an additional floor, provided it was light in weight; it also needed to be re-roofed. Thus, most of the added space is contained in a new, light, steel-framed fourth floor under a new roof.

© James Dow
© James Dow

Because of severe winter conditions, many of the buildings in downtown Winnipeg are linked by a continuous interior tunnel and skywalk system. The library is connected to this system by bridges at the second level. An enlarged two-story lobby, created by removing a portion of the second floor, allows the street-level entrance to the library, as well as a gift shop and café within the lobby, to interconnect with the skywalk.

© James Dow
© James Dow

From this urban intersection, patrons are drawn through the building, along an interior “street” animated by displays and bookselling events, and to the park. At the park edge, new public elevators and an elongated system of stairs and reading terraces tie the largely independent existing floors to each other and to the new fourth floor. The glazed wall of this multi-story space opens every level to light, landscape, and city. All public and collections space is accessible from this linear route. The compact footprint of the addition maintains maximum park space, allowing the library to take advantage of its location, while the highly visible, interactive terraces, an interior topography at the scale of the park, generate a radically new identity for the library.

© James Dow
© James Dow

The library is ordered in strips, in a series of zones that run parallel to the window wall and across the long dimension of the space. The strips accommodate the programmatic components of the library in identifiable categories. The first strip is the park, an integral part of all public spaces in the building. The second is all forms of reading—tables, comfortable chairs, and casual seating. Third is low masses, such as reference collections, help desks, and computer stations, and fourth is high masses, such as shelving running in clear sequences. The fifth category comprises rooms: closed reading rooms, offices and meeting rooms, staff areas, service areas, and book handling access. The strips progress from park to interior, from open to enclosed, from low to high, from areas of greatest public access and interaction to areas of privacy and quiet. This spatial order allows all visitors to see and understand the general arrangement of collections and functions whether they approach from elevators or from reading terraces and stairs.

© James Dow
© James Dow

On the new fourth floor, the non-fiction collection is organized as a single run of clearly indexed material. Various subjects within the collection are highlighted by “focus” areas. These exhibit spaces, which are immediately visible at the entrance to the floor, are intervals inserted into the continuity of the collection to emphasize subjects often submerged within the numerical anonymity of the Dewey Decimal system.

© James Dow
© James Dow

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Cite: "Winnipeg Library Addition / Patkau Architects + LM Architectural Group" 03 Jan 2011. ArchDaily. Accessed . <> ISSN 0719-8884
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© James Dow

加拿大温尼伯图书馆扩建 / Patkau Architects + LM Architectural Group

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