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National Library in Astana, Kazakhstan / BIG

BIG was recently awarded with the first prize on an open international design competition for  Kazakhstan’s new National Library in Astana.

The new building has an area of  33.000 sqm, arranged as a continuous circulation on a Möbius Strip, as the result of 2 interlocking structures: the perfect circle and the public spiral. The sections (see below) clearly show how the horizontal program shifts to a vertical configuration,  combining vertical hierarchy, horizontal connectivity and diagonal view lines. The skin, which changes from wall to roof as the strip develops. It sounds a bit complicated, but the sections and diagrams explain this pretty well, and you can get the idea on how the spaces and diagonal views relate on the renderings. In short words, a clear lineal organization (ideal for an archive, library) is mixed with an infinite loop.

“What is a library but an efficient archive of books… and a path for the public to reach them” (Thomas Christoffersen, Project Leader)

This shape also looks forward to become a symbol for the nation: “the circle, the rotunda, the arch and the yurt are merged into the form of a Moebius strip. The clarity of the circle, the courtyard of the rotunda, the gateway of the arch and the soft silhouette of the yurt are combined to create a new national monument appearing local and universal, contemporary and timeless, unique and archetypal at the same time” (Bjarke Ingels).

But once again, BIG diagram´s are way better to explain this than my words. See the diagrams, sections and renderings after the break:

Typology
Typology
Diagram
Diagram
Structure / Envelope
Structure / Envelope
Program
Program
Circulations
Circulations
Ecotect analysis
Ecotect analysis
6th floor plan
6th floor plan
North-south section
North-south section
East-west section
East-west section
Elevations
Elevations

Architect: BIG Client: Kazakhstan Presidential Office Collaborators: ARUP AGU Size: 33.000 M2 Location: Astana, Kazakhstan Partner-in-Charge: Bjarke Ingels Project Leader: Thomas Christoffersen Team: Amy Campbell, Jakob Henke, Johan Cool, Jonas Barre, Daniel Sundlin

Model
Model
Model
Model

Cite:David Basulto. "National Library in Astana, Kazakhstan / BIG" 25 Aug 2009. ArchDaily. Accessed . <http://www.archdaily.com/33238/national-library-in-astana-kazakhstan-big/>