Ventolera Winery / Francisco Izquierdo

© Cristobal Palma
©

Architect: Francisco Izquierdo
Location: San Juan de Huinca, Leyda,
Collaborators: Claudio Tapia, María José Varas
Client: Viña El Litoral S.A
Structural Engineer: Enzo Valladares P.
Contractor: Boetsch, Lira y Cox empresa constructora
Laminated wood: Ingelam S.A
Built Area: 1,360 sqm
Proyect year: 2008
Construction year: 2008-2009
Photography: Cristobal Palma

© Cristobal Palma © Cristobal Palma © Cristobal Palma © Cristobal Palma

The assignment was to design a winery for White wines and Pinot Noir on a site already settled by a wind generator. The proposal was to create a winery which had the environmental and gravitational conditions required for wine-making, using self-generated energy, building with renewable materials, making use of the existing steep slope and giving the right sunlight control.

The site is located on the highest point of the vineyard and connects the upper level with the creek that crosses the vineyard by a steep slope. The project is situated in this slope and creates four different levels, with a difference in altitude of 12,5 meters, offering the gravitational conditions required for wine-making.

© Cristobal Palma
© Cristobal Palma

The aim of the project was to create a nucleus within the vineyard in which the different areas of the winery would link up the wind generator as well as being interlinked. The generator imposed a scale on the site by settling it. It was important for the project to respect this scale to enable the different elements to work and connect together. The layout was divided up and some areas disappeared by using retaining walls, used to solve the steep slope issue. The layout was divided by spatial requirements and organized by the wine making process. The retaining volumes interior spaces represents the 50% of the total surface, and are different in appearance and exposure. They range from being completely exposed to completely hidden, buried. This creates different environmental conditions in terms of temperature, humidity and stability as required for the wine making process.

© Cristobal Palma
© Cristobal Palma

The roof of the upper volume (level 0) is the entrance plaza. Followed by level -1 which contains the winery deck and the upper volume layout (Technical equipment’s room, workshop, store, cold room and services).The deck ends over the middle volume looking over the level -2, the fermentation room (stainless steel fermentation barrels). Below the deck (level -2) is the fermentation room and the white wines cellar (Chardonnay, Riesling, Gewurstraminer) enabling the stainless steel barrels to be filled gravitationally. The main building is made of laminated wood structure and sits over the end of the winery deck and the fermentation room. The lower area (level -3) descends from the fermentation room and holds the red wine cellar (Pinot Noir) underground, and it emerges in the wine tasting room just above the creek.

There were only 6 months to complete the construction stage, so certain measures had to be taken such as having two contractors working simultaneously, helped by the divided layout. One of them specialized in manufacturing and assembling the laminated wood structures.

© Cristobal Palma
© Cristobal Palma

The Fermentation Room

The fermentation room was made completely of laminated wood (Radiata pine) and its design was centered on two main objectives:
The first objective was to achieve a complex spatiality and atmosphere using simple prefabricated elements with simple mounting procedures. For the final design 50 single-slope laminated wooden frames were used to define two double slope main facades which are inverted to create a double curve on the ceiling. This system also solves the problem of rainwater runoff. Located at singular geometrical points outside of the wooden frames are two important elements: The first is a steel double T beam which holds the roof eave of on winery deck. The beam is located at the pivotal point of the laminated wooden beams and also acts as an upper support for the large glass windows which look out onto the deck. The other is a command bridge which stems from the wooden frame and creates the transition from a negative to a positive slope at the highest point of the building.

© Cristobal Palma
© Cristobal Palma

The second objective was to give natural light to the fermentation room and transparency to the winery deck without compromising the environmental conditions required for the plan. The aim was to provide natural light and views without having direct sunlight hitting the stainless steel barrels. For this, solar effect diagrams were used and a sequence of 85 x 700mm wood pillars was installed spaced at 1 meter intervals protecting the barrels from the west , and subsequently protected by the structural plywood wall.

Detail
Detail
Cite: "Ventolera Winery / Francisco Izquierdo" 24 Aug 2009. ArchDaily. Accessed 25 Jul 2014. <http://www.archdaily.com/?p=32895>

6 comments

  1. Thumb up Thumb down 0

    Rhythmic and warm, this vineyard is a well-done continuation of what seems like a new tradition of building architectural-landmark vineyard buildings. For such a barren landscape, the wood’s hues blend nicely, despite being much softer in tone/feel.

  2. Thumb up Thumb down 0

    I like this design so much! The building blends into the environment. The whole design is simple, but not dull. The double curve roof is not only the form, but the function. So is the wood pillar facade.

  3. Thumb up Thumb down 0

    The way they blended the landscape with the structure is incredible, the wood in the column planks gives a sense of continuity and yet playfulness, transparency and seems to fit according to a grander scheme, the sloping roof line and the different areas make it both unique and inviting, proving once more that form that follows function can be incredibly well done. There are many aspects about this project that are worth taking a second look.

Share your thoughts