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  7. Yeşilova Höyük Visitor Center / Studio Evren Başbuğ + SCRA

Yeşilova Höyük Visitor Center / Studio Evren Başbuğ + SCRA

  • 14:00 - 9 March, 2019
  • Curated by María Francisca González
Yeşilova Höyük Visitor Center / Studio Evren Başbuğ + SCRA
Yeşilova Höyük Visitor Center / Studio Evren Başbuğ + SCRA, © ZM Yasa Photography
© ZM Yasa Photography
  • Architects

  • Location

    Karacaoğlan Mahallesi, 6253. Sk. No.15, 35100 Bornova/İzmir, Turkey
  • Category

  • Lead Architect

    Evren Başbuğ
  • Design Team

    Evren Başbuğ (Lead Architect, Principal Designer / Studio Evren Başbuğ Architects); Umut Başbuğ (Lead Architect / Studio Evren Başbuğ Architects); Seden Cinasal Avcı (Lead Architect / SCRA Architects); Ramazan Avcı (Lead Architect / SCRA Architects); Hüseyin Komşuoğlu (Architect / Studio Evren Başbuğ Architects); Tuba Tuncalı (Architect / Studio Evren Başbuğ Architects); Dilşad Kurtoğlu (Architect / Studio Evren Başbuğ Architects); Can Özcan (Architect / Studio Evren Başbuğ Architects); Müğe Bilgi Başbuğ (Architect / Studio Evren Başbuğ Architects); Özcan Kaygısız (Architect / Studio Evren Başbuğ Architects); Mesut Dural (Architect / SCRA Architects); Gamze Kahya (Architect / SCRA Architects); Suzan Bahtiyar (Architect / SCRA Architects)
  • Area

    5120.0 m2
  • Project Year

  • Photographs

  • Consultants

    Originators: Prof. Kamil Okyay Sındır (Former mayor of Bornova), Assoc. Prof. Zafer Derin (Archaeologist / Yeşilova Excavation Director); Yeşilova Excavation / Affiliated Institutions: Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism Ege University; Municipality of Bornova
  • Engineering & Consultants Group

    Yüksel Konkan (Civil Engineer / Konkan Engineers); Cemal Çoşak (Civil Engineer / Methal Engineers); Mustafa Şahin (Civil Engineer / Methal Engineers); Mahmut Atilla Eser (Civil Engineer / Atilla Eser Engineers); Necdet Tunalı (Mechanical Engineer / Proje Isı Engineers); L. Hulusi Satoğlu (Mechanical Engineer / Egetek Engineers); Bülent Örün (Mechanical Engineer / Egetek Engineers); Önder Demirdöven (Mechanical Engineer / Egetek Engineers); A. Levent Ünal (Electrical Engineer / Levay Energy Engineers); Mustafa Boz (Electrical Engineer / Levay Energy Engineers); Korhan Şişman (Interior Architect, Lighting Expert / Planlux Architectural Lighting); Elif Ayalp (Lighting Expert / Planlux Architectural Lighting); Ebru Bingöl (Landscape Architect / Izmir Institute of Technology)
  • Communications and Institution Concept

    Robert Paul McMillen (Communications Expert / İyi Şeyler Publishing and Production); Füsun Gençsü (Communications Expert / İyi Şeyler Publishing and Production); Müge Gürkaynak (Project Director / İyi Şeyler Publishing and Production)
  • Clients

    Bornova Municipality (İzmir / Turkey)
  • Museology Consultant

    Prof. Ayşen Savaş (Architect, Exhibition Expert / Middle East Technical University)
  • Opening Exhibition Design

    Prof. Ayşen Savaş (Architect, Exhibition Expert / Middle East Technical University); Barış Yağlı (Architect / Middle East Technical University); Aslıhan Günhan (Architect / Middle East Technical University); Ömer Burak Polat (Architect / Middle East Technical University)
  • Artifact Photographs

    Assoc. Prof. Güven İncirlioğlu (Architect, Artist)
  • Exhibition Visuals

    Assoc. Prof. Güven İncirlioğlu (Architect, Artist); Seda Özen Tanyıldızı (Visual Communication Designer / İzmir University of Economics)
  • Artifact Replicas

    Ahmet Demirtaş (Archaeologist / Atölye Demirtaş)
  • Special Collection Jewellery Design

    Güliz Mustafaoğlu (Designer / YUKA)
  • Video Documentary

    Asst. Prof. Andreas Treske (Editor, Filmmaker, Media Artist / İzmir University of Economics)
  • Museology Consultants & Contributors Group

    Adrian C.S. Saunders (Philologist / Koç University); Asst. Prof. Çiğdem Maner (Archaeologist, Koç University); Yusuf Yavaş (Archaeologist); Assoc. Prof. Hüseyin Cevizoğlu (Archaeologist); Hasan Cenk Dereli (Architect / NOBON); İdil Erkol (Architect); Meriç Kara (Designer); Şükrü Koçak (Archaeologist); Duygu Hevesli (Architect)
  • Contractors

    Petek-Aras & Ümsan Joint Venture; Turrek Fair Stands Exhibition Systems
© Cemal Emden
© Cemal Emden

Project HistoryIn terms of its observable geometric form, Yeşilova Höyük is not in the ordinary form of a ‘höyük’ that can be found in vast numbers throughout the Anatolian landscape. Since it is located on Bornova plain which is mainly a huge silt deposit, the tumulus seemed to be buried completely underground and therefore it was very hard to identify the settlement from outside. Höyük was discovered by chance in 2003 and archaeological excavations began in 2005 first under the patronage of first İzmir Archaeology Museum and the Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism and Ege University. The settlement dates back to early Neolithic period (6.500 BC) and it is the oldest one discovered in the whole region.

© ZM Yasa Photography
© ZM Yasa Photography

The idea to build a visitor center on the adjacent plot which will at the same time accommodate the excavation laboratories was undoubtedly a foresighted vision of the local government and it was one of the most influential cultural investments in the city. The design of the facility was acquired by a national architectural competition which was held in 2010. A partnership of young architects (STUDIO EVREN BAŞBUĞ Architects + SCRA Architects) have won the competition and they were commissioned by the municipality for the design and the shop drawings. The construction was completed and the building was opened for public use in early 2015.

© Cemal Emden
© Cemal Emden
Site Plan
Site Plan

Settled in the adjacent plot along the northwest-southeast border of the Yesilova Höyük archaeological excavation site, the facility intends to create a spatial interface between 6.500 BCE and the present time with its form, alignment, and materials. It generates an unexpected cultural focus within the urban context through an intricate architectural program which is composed of artifact exhibition, active education, and scientific research.

© Cemal Emden
© Cemal Emden

Three main functions (Museum, Archaeological Laboratory, and General Services) which are spatially linked to each other, generate the integrated linear building blocks (155m long in total) with different sizes that give the building its form. The museum block in the middle is the widest (13m cross-section span) and highest (13.5m to the top ridge) of the three. The ground floor serves as a connector between different functions of the visitor center such as the reception hall, the archaeological laboratories, a cafeteria, an activity center, several media rooms, and a conference room for 100 people. The first floor is completely dedicated to the exhibitions and a (40m long) ramp connects this level with the reception area. There is also a mezzanine level in the exhibition space which was planned to be used as a library in the future.

© Cemal Emden
© Cemal Emden

Archaeological laboratories with all the required services (lecture room, workshop, archive, kitchen, and dormitories) are in the relatively smaller block in the north. This block is both visually and functionally connected to the adjacent open courtyard, which serves as an outdoor working space for the archeologists in the summertime.

© Cemal Emden
© Cemal Emden

The viewing terrace was designed to be an extension of the main exhibition level stretching out towards the excavation site finalizing the tour of the visitor with the real encounter. The concrete torch is designed both as a vertical element balancing the highly linear scheme and as a visual indicator of the Neolithic era with real fire lighted up on special occasions. 

Section / Elevation 02
Section / Elevation 02

A simulation of a small village representing the real ancient settlement was planned outside next to the courtyard serving as a scene for the ‘time travel’ activity. Here children learn how to harvest, hunt, cook, and perform daily practices in a pre-scheduled 1-hour program. The plot is 18.080 sqm in total (excavation site not included), and the building has a total construction area of 5.120 sqm.

© ZM Yasa Photography
© ZM Yasa Photography

Materials, Construction and Technology. The building complex is basically a steel structure formed by repeating identical H frames sitting on a concrete basement floor. These steel frames are enveloped on the outside with modern materials (glass fiber reinforced concrete panels and multi-layered polycarbonate sheets) but are exposed visually inside. This character is mainly a structural reference to the construction system of the Neolithic era. The foundations discovered on the site reveal that the ancient houses were constructed over Masonry foundations by using wooden structural frames which are exposed visually inside but clad by mudbrick walls and clay surfaces outside.

© ZM Yasa Photography
© ZM Yasa Photography

The tension generated by the unique location and architectural program of the facility is sustained at all levels by means of the architectural decisions and choice of materials. The architectural program in the form of integrated linear blocks have been enveloped between two surfaces of different characteristics on two sides: The southwestern opaque façade (Glass Fiber Reinforced Concrete Panels) which greets and welcomes the approaching visitor, and the northeastern translucent façade (Multi-Layered Polycarbonate Sheets) which gives the visitor hints about the archaeological excavation site on the adjacent plot outside. The red colour on the GRC panels is a clear reference to the most commonly used colour on the household items belonging to the Neolithic era.

© Cemal Emden
© Cemal Emden

The decision of using materials that performing in contrast to one another also creates an ideal situation in terms of the building’s climatic orientation and illumination performance: An impermeable, protective shield against the sun path, and a translucent membrane allowing diffused natural light in the exhibition space. 

© Cemal Emden
© Cemal Emden

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Project location

Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address.
About this office
Cite: "Yeşilova Höyük Visitor Center / Studio Evren Başbuğ + SCRA" 09 Mar 2019. ArchDaily. Accessed . <> ISSN 0719-8884
© ZM Yasa Photography

土耳其墓堆遗址游客中心 / Studio Evren Başbuğ + SCRA

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