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  7. The Crystal - Kiruna Town Hall / Henning Larsen

The Crystal - Kiruna Town Hall / Henning Larsen

  • 02:00 - 27 November, 2018
The Crystal - Kiruna Town Hall / Henning Larsen
The Crystal - Kiruna Town Hall / Henning Larsen, © Hufton + Crow
© Hufton + Crow

© Hufton + Crow © Hufton + Crow © Hufton + Crow © Hufton + Crow + 24

  • Architects

  • Location

    Linbanevägen 9, 981 30 Kiruna, Sweden
  • Architecture Team

    Anders Japp Wieliczko Wester, Carlos Ramos Fer- nandez, Christian Bøggild Schuster, Dorte Nielsen, Gitte Edelgren, Hen- rik Christensen, Haakon Gilje Aarseth, Kyd Kitchaiya, Martin Stenberg, Mia Johnson, Nina la Cour Sell, Per Ebbe Hansson, Peter Tegner Matz, Stefan Ernst Jensen, Søren Kristensen, Teddy Brøgger-Jensen, Thomas Tang, Victor Pastorino Nyman, Zazia Wihlborg Bigom
  • Area

    13180.0 m2
  • Project Year

    2018
  • Photographs

  • Engineer

    WSP
  • Landscape Architect

    Temagruppen
  • Contractor

    PEAB
  • Partner Responsible

    Peer Teglgaard Jeppese
  • Project Manager

    Jesper Høiberg
  • Interior Team (Fixed Furniture)

    Karima Andersen, Marie Louise Mangor
  • Client

    LKAB
  • More Specs Less Specs
© Hufton + Crow
© Hufton + Crow

Text description provided by the architects. The Swedish town of Kiruna, 95 miles north of the Arctic Circle, sits atop the largest iron ore mine on the planet. The mine birthed Kiruna – And now, it threatens to erase it. A century of mining operations has begun to destabilize the earth around Kiruna. The ground is breaking, splitting into deep rifts and falling into sinkholes – Within the century, these rifts threaten to swallow the town. In response to this threat, mining firm Luossavaara-Kiirunavaara (LKAB) has proposed a direct solution: Move Kiruna three kilometers east.

© Hufton + Crow
© Hufton + Crow

Demolishing the old Kiruna and moving residents to a fresh city center uproots generations of local heritage, interrupting tight-knit neighborhoods and erasing multigenerational family stores. This relocation is a challenge of identity, one that explores the relationship between architecture and community. In 2012, LKAB and Kiruna Municipality announced a competition to design a new town hall, the first building in the relocated city center.

Ground Floor Plan
Ground Floor Plan
Fifth Floor Plan
Fifth Floor Plan

The Danish architectural firm Henning Larsen, together with firms Temagruppen, WSP and UiWE, won this competition against 56 international design teams. This winning concept is a tribute to Kiruna’s history and a framework for emerging communities. Named Kristallen, or “The Crystal,” the building draws physical inspiration from the angular geometry of iron minerals that are fundamental to the town’s identity.

© Hufton + Crow
© Hufton + Crow

After a two-year construction period, King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden officially opened Kiruna’s new town hall on November 22nd. For Henning Larsen Partner and Design Principal Louis Becker, it stands as an architectural salute to Kiruna’s heritage and a public focal point for a reestablished community.

© Hufton + Crow
© Hufton + Crow
Section
Section
© Hufton + Crow
© Hufton + Crow

“The Crystal serves both civic and social functions. The outer building volume contains office space for the public departments of Kiruna Municipality, but the core of the building is dedicated social space: Public exhibition halls, workshops, and meeting rooms establish a foundational commons for the new city center,” Becker says. “It is a space for longtime friends and neighbors to gather, supporting a sense of social unity during the transitory period of Kiruna’s relocation.”

© Hufton + Crow
© Hufton + Crow

Kiruna’s existing town hall, designed by the Swedish architect Arthur von Schmalensee, receives new life in The Crystal. Henning Larsen’s design incorporates the iconic 1958 bell tower and original door handles from the main entrance – Representing not only a visual re-imagining of Kiruna’s identity but a physical continuation of the town’s history. The building’s circular form embodies its communal focus: As the heart of the new town center, The Crystal offers universal access to the surrounding community while focusing energy and activity inward toward its social core. The town hall stands as a living room for the new Kiruna, open and accessible to all.

© Hufton + Crow
© Hufton + Crow

“Community identity often has real geographic roots,” says Henning Larsen Partner and Design Principal Louis Becker. “We knew that during Kiruna’s relocation, losing a sense of place could be a major challenge to the town’s residents. Our hope is that this town hall is not only an effective seat for the local government but a space that celebrates Kiruna’s history and establishes an enduring symbol of local identity.”

© Hufton + Crow
© Hufton + Crow

Present at the ceremony was H.M King Carl XVI Gustaf, who officially opened the new building and congratulated the city on the new building that hopefully will be of joy to all citizens and future generations in Kiruna, as he said during his speech. The Mayor of Kiruna, Kristina Zakrisson and the Swedish Minister of Culture, Alice Bah Kuhnke also took the stage. 

© Hufton + Crow
© Hufton + Crow

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Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address.
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Cite: "The Crystal - Kiruna Town Hall / Henning Larsen" 27 Nov 2018. ArchDaily. Accessed . <https://www.archdaily.com/906543/the-crystal-kiruna-town-hall-henning-larsen/> ISSN 0719-8884

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