San Mateo Housing Reconstruction / MCEA | ARQUITECTURA + NAOS 04 ARQUITECTOS

San Mateo Housing Reconstruction / MCEA | ARQUITECTURA + NAOS 04 ARQUITECTOS

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  • Area Area of this architecture project Area :  23
  • Year Completion year of this architecture project Year :  2016
  • Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project
    Manufacturers :  Otis, Cortizo, Isover, Levantina, PAMESA CERAMICA, Porcelanosa Grupo
  • Ejecution Direction : Acrópolis Arquitectura

  • Installations : Juan Manuel Vázquez Sánchez / ATP Ingenieros / DM Ingeniería
  • Structure : José Antonio Hernández Cañadas / QL Ingeniería / ALIVA Ingenieros
  • Acoustic : Sonen
  • Construction : DRAGADOS TECOPSA
  • City : Lorca
  • Country : Spain
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© David Frutos

Text description provided by the architects. The old residential building of San Mateo was among the most iconic structures of the city of Lorca, due to its unusual configuration with a central space opening onto Juan Carlos I Avenue. Having sustained serious damage during the earthquake of May 11th, 2011, its complete demolition was undertaken a month later.

© David Frutos

In October 2011, the building’s Community of Owners announced a competition of ideas to select the most appropriate project for the reconstruction of their homes. The contest guidelines made special mention of the need for design projects to establish a structure of ownership reflecting that of the original building, so that each of the owners could regain the position they had previously occupied in the complex.

© David Frutos

The proposal submitted by MCEA | ARQUITECTURA and NAOS 04 ARQUITECTOS envisioned the architectural project as an instrument capable of making reconstruction viable through achieving the necessary consensus of all owners within the building. Thus it was seen as essential to incorporate into the draft process the experiences and different ways of living that each of the owners had developed over time, so that the reconstruction and occupation of new homes could be made the least traumatic possible. Similarly, owners were also given the opportunity to incorporate into the project their current and future needs, through the design of flexible layouts that led in many cases to the availability of either new a single dwelling or two smaller ones.

© David Frutos
Floor Plan 01
© David Frutos

This participatory process, in which all owners were individually involved with the design team, consisted primarily of the following phases:

1. In the first phase the needs of each individual owner were defined by filling out detailed forms reflecting all the proposals and comments which they considered relevant.

© David Frutos

2. In the second phase of work a process of designing housing typologies was undertaken, one which embraced all proposals for distribution received in the first phase.

© David Frutos

3. A third phase of work was then developed in which each of the owners were given the different typologies defined on the vertical of their home, in order to select the one which best suited their needs and finally to introduce those specific changes considered opportune by each owner.

© David Frutos

The end result of this participatory process was reflected in the final draft, which included 45 different dwelling typologies, thus achieving the acceptance of, and identification with, owners in the jointly developed project.


This process, which incorporated the willingness of each individual owner to contribute to the ordering and management of the whole group of dwellings, also sought to reflect a similar ethos in the design of the façade, through a general system of shutters in which the individual of owners could change the overall composition, thus obtaining an image of the building in constant flux and adaption to the needs of the individuals therein.

© David Frutos

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Project location

Address:Av. Juan Carlos I, 39, 30800 Lorca, Murcia, España

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Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address.
About this office
Cite: "San Mateo Housing Reconstruction / MCEA | ARQUITECTURA + NAOS 04 ARQUITECTOS" [Reconstrucción Residencial San Mateo / MCEA | ARQUITECTURA + NAOS 04 ARQUITECTOS] 16 Mar 2018. ArchDaily. Accessed . <> ISSN 0719-8884

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