Project DirectionFelipe Mesa, Federico Mesa
Design TeamCarlos Blanco, Daniel Tobón, Sebastián Serna, Anne Berkers, Gidka –Gloria Riberos, Laura Kate Correa, Esteban Hincapié, Maria Clara Osorio
Project Area595.0 m2
Text description provided by the architects. This project is located in a tropical dry forest ecosystem, with an average annual temperature of 28 degrees Celsius that is uniform throughout the year, a feature Cauca River Valley. Because of this, bioclimatic factors such as the generation of shadow or the use of natural ventilation were decisive in the design.
This house adapts to the topographical conditions of a lot that was modified earlier: a sloping hillside was cut to produce a flat area and a large rear slope. Given this condition the house makes use of the flat area, but try to restore the profile of the mountain locating the high areas with two levels to the back, and the low areas shaded to the front. In section, we define a low corridor to the landscape and rooms with two levels towards the slope, connected through an inclined reinforced concrete roof that leads the passage of the wind currents from the low to the high areas.
In plan the house is defined by four modules coiled around a tree and the distant landscape of the Cauca River. The first module contains the master bedroom, the second and fourth modules contain two guest bedrooms each, and the third has the social and services areas. These modules connected by a corridor define a concave exterior space where the pool and recreation areas are located. Fragmentation in modules and angle changes allow the house to increases its facade area exposed to natural air currents and thereby increase its permeability.
In this case, as in the traditional architecture of the region, the corridor acts as an open, elongated shadow area to hang hammocks and watch the distant landscape; To control the sun and to close this area in some cases, large sliding metal doors were designed with a pattern of 60% perforation, allowing natural ventilation even at times when the space is not open. The house has been located so that the corridor remains shaded almost all year.