LocationSantiago Metropolitan Region, Chile
Architect in ChargeMaría José Bizama del P, Gonzalo Rudolphy B, Paula Bruna J
CollaboratorsNicolás Hidalgo O, Karen Renner C
EngineerJaime Lira M
Text description provided by the architects. The training facilities of the Santiago Fire brigade are located in the suburban area of the Metropolitan Region, where the volunteer firefighters receive special training, as well as carrying out sports and other recreational activities.
The first variable facing the project was the climate, since the place has sparse vegetation and most training activities take place outdoors, where shade was an essential and scarce commodity.
It is for this reason that the project was located in the only sector with abundant trees, in order to use them as active temperature controllers for outdoor activities, circulation and rest areas.
The facilities respect all the existing trees, looking to use the space in between them and integrate them as an active part of the proposal.
The project was articulated around two axis of circulation, which at their intersection generate a hard training place. This square becomes the center of the project and in turn is the solemn and symbolic place for this institution.
Programmatic volumes are arranged around these two axis, respecting the independence of the training areas, training and rest. The overall layout allows the training center to grow in a rational and orderly fashion according to the future needs of the client.
The existing shade extends linearly in the space generated by the metal structures that makes circulation for the users tidy, and leads and guides them to their activities within the Center.
The buildings also create a controlled environment for program activities, which are largely outdoors, leaving the shaded areas for rest and training.
As for the inner spaces, the enclosures are neutral, seeking to accommodate a diversity of programs that will take place in the buildings.
It is for this reason that the interior is designed as an area of that concentrates the specific learning activities, and is therefore isolated from the outside by fragmenting the views from the windows.
Natural light is exploited to the maximum, through skylights and windows that limit the impact of direct sunlight, but which allow controlled entry of natural light for indoor activities, seeking the best possible light efficiency and comfort of their users.
The buildings are made of masonry and concrete, which were chosen for their constructive simplicity and for being accessible materials in time, as well as being economical and maintenance free. These conditions satisfy the requirements of durability necessary for a voluntary institution and will provide services for a long time.