- Interior Designer:Stufish Entertainment Architects
- Theatre Consultants:Auerbach Pollock Friedlander
- Clerk Of Works:Sandman Associates International
- Construction Design:China IPPR International Engineering Co. Ltd
- Interior Ldi:Beijing Qingshang Environmental Art & Architectural Design Institute Co. Ltd.
- Concept Engineer:Atelier One
- Landscape Designer:DL&C Landscapes Pty Ltd., Guangdong, China
- Contractor:China State 11
- Set Designer:Stufish Entertainment Architects
- Lighting Designer:Olivier Legendre
- Costume Designer:Nicolas Vaudelet
- Sound Designer:Corrado Campanelli
- Composer:Michael Brennan
- Projection Specialists:VYV Corporation
- Theatre Draperies:Showtex, Hong Kong
- Scenery Fabrication:Yang Liping Workshop
- Artistic Director:Franco Dragone
- Show Director/Choreographer:Andre Kasten, Leah Moyer
- Art Director:Pascal Jacob
- Creative Consultant:Yang Li Ping
- Associate Director:Phenix Lin
- Acrobatic Choreographer:Edgar Zendejas
- Human Performance/Machinery Designer:Jaque Paquin
- Sfx Designer:Denis Lafontaine
- Costume Design/Realization:Nicolas Vaudelet
- Video Content Designer:Patrick Neys
- Make Up Designer:Carmen Arbues
Text description provided by the architects. Stufish Entertainment Architects has completed the design for the bespoke 1,183 seat Dai Show Theatre in Xishuangbanna, China, for the country’s largest property developer, the Dalian Wanda Group. The theatre will host a permanent 75-minute acrobatic water spectacle created by show producers Dragone.
Stufish has also designed the entire stage and set for the show, becoming the first practice ever to deliver all architectural and show elements for a theatre. Designing the entire project allowed Stufish to present a holistic architectural language throughout, from the canopy-inspired roof to purpose-built stage elements.
The 19,500sqm Dai Show Theatre is a key element to Xishuangbanna’s newest cultural offering, the Wanda Xishuangbanna International Resort. In addition to the theatre, the resort includes apartments, shopping malls, bars and restaurants, hotels, golf course and a theme park. It is set to become a major tourist destination for both Chinese and international visitors.
Stufish’s theatre design is based on an original concept sketch by the studio’s late founder, Mark Fisher. It is further inspired by the natural and cultural patterns seen around Xishuangbanna. MAciej Woroniecki, architect for the building says, “Upon arriving in Xishuangbanna it was difficult not to be impressed by its natural beauty. The ever-present palms gifted us a geometry which informed the primary structure of the theatre in a way that was efficient, elegant and interesting to view. This naturally became the living thread for design of the interiors, façade and, further still, into the set design of the show. We wanted the theatre to seamlessly connect to its surroundings, as if it was a living and growing addition to the wider garden of Xishuangbanna.”
Nature’s influence on the design is particularly expressed in the 110m diameter golden roof, which has a structure that evokes the folding nature of palm fronds. The roof has two tiers that act as a canopy for the open-air lobby below, and is supported by tree-like columns that encircle the theatre. Where the two roof tiers join, openings between the structural points allow for natural ventilation on the mezzanine lobby, in response to Xishuangbanna’s warm climate. The openings also allow visitors to look out at surrounding views.
Stufish’s organic design materialises inside the theatre as well. Long textured “leaves” form golden walls that twist up into the ceiling, creating an intimate, low-lit atmosphere in the VIP areas. The repetitive folding patterns carry throughout the space, into exclusive suites, at times transforming into radial embossed chandeliers.
In the auditorium, the audience is seated in the round, surrounding a 1,400sqm stage that is split into three sections. The main central stage has a 14m-wide performance basin containing an 8m wide pool plug which lowers down 5.5m to allow for a dramatic 15m high-dive off the catwalk above. When closed the plug lays even with the performance area’s acrobatic flooring. Adjacent is the forestage, which, along with the central stage, can be either wet or dry. The final performance area is a dry upstage section used symbolically to convey a vast infinity and for more practical purposes, such as storing and transporting scenery.
The stage has been designed so water can flood the areas separately and fill the entire performance basin in 45 seconds and then be drained in just 20 seconds.
The exterior roof structure covers the auditorium where it has been left exposed, giving the impression that the audience is sat beneath a canopy of palm trees. The low grid height, sitting just 18m above the seats, creates an intimate experience. Stufish has integrated ten acrobatic gates with an elaborate 3D flying system into the design of the roof structure, allowing performers to fly from the 9m platform and soar above both stage and audience. “Combining our roles of architect and set designer allowed us to utilise our in depth knowledge of the theatre space and ensure the design of the scenery blended coherently into the architectural concept,” architect for the show Alicia Tkacz states.
The production’s fantastical elements are emphasised by scenery hanging from the grid above and permanent large “dragon roots” that appear to grow out of the stage and create the impression that nature is taking over the architecture. Lighting, projection and special water effects such as cascades and fountains, further support a creative storyline of imagination, love and local legends.