LocationSeongnam-si, South Korea
Design TeamHyunjoonYoo, Jinsung Heo, Insil Son, Seungho Ham
Text description provided by the architects. This house is for two families. One is parents generation, and the other is son’s family.
In Korea, when the son gets marriage, he live in a separate house. But in our client’s case, they want to live in a same “house” instead of an apartment housing, the most typical residence type in Korea. Therefore, the son bought the land, the parents built the house for the two families. The house has to be a single house with two houses within. So, we borrow the concept of kangaroo, the Australian animal.
Kangaroo carries its baby in the pocket at the tummy. Just like that, the parents’ house contains the son’s house. The parents’ house is made of black brick, and the son’s house is made of wood. Kangaroo house is divided into four parts with the narrow courtyard at the center. The two story height courtyard is working as a divider and a connector at the same time between two houses.
Alley within the House
In order to make the house two independent houses we make the stair case the outdoor like alley space. And the four areas of the second floor has the different level. So people must use three or four steps whenever they enter into the new area. This various floor levels create the various ceiling height as well. The parents lives at the first floor and the son lives at the second floor.
Viewing Control for Relationship Design
One of our major concern was how to manage the relationship between two generations, especially the relationship between mother in law and daughter in law. In Korea the relationship between mother in law and daughter in law is same as the one between mother in law and son in law in US culture. The daughter in law feels uncomfortable with the mother in law. Especially whenever mother in law comes to the kitchen, the daughter in law must come the kitchen to support her. So we design the people at the second floor can look down the kitchen area through the void whenever they go to the bathroom. However the mother in law at the first floor cannot watch the son’s house part because they are at the higher level. Son can look down the courtyard from the second floor, but he cannot look at the parents’ master bedroom facing the courtyard. The viewing directions in this house was carefully controlled based on the hierarchy of family members. By managing viewing is the key method to design the life style of this family.