LocationPlaza de la Cultura, Teruel, Spain
Architect in ChargeCristina Argos Moras, María Loriente López
Technical ArchitectsMiguel Herranz, Paul Cornu
ConstructorUrbanización Moravella S.L (RM Construcción)
The building is located into a new urban fabric of the city of Teruel and houses the construction of 44 Social Housing, 44 store rooms, 65 parking spaces andcommercial premises.
The internal organization of the different spaces responds to the relationship of the building with the environment in different orientations, closing north and openingto the environment insouthorientations.
Three dwelling typologies are developed fulfilling the same program, composed of living-dining room, kitchen, 3 bedrooms and two bathrooms grouped, allowinggreater flexibility indistribution.
All units have a private space of terrace in south orientations linked tothe stay area, constituting the interrelation of indoor-outdoor housing with public space.
Access to the hallways is through the public porchwhich is constitutes one of the fronts of the square, and is supporting the private terraces of the first floor housing.
Onground floorcommercial premises it gives the building a tiered private space on two levels, one for private usetothefirst floorhousing and another higherfor community use, that promotes the relationship of the building with the urban environment and landscape.
The constructive design focuses on the use of passive systems to improve thermal and acoustic comfort of the building.
Thus, an outer enclosure ceramic ventilated facade is defined composed of extruded plate ceramic paste model "Bersal 250" of16mm thickofFAVETON brand, sheet of perforated concrete brick with exterior insulation of mineral wool and inside cladding self-supporting partitions with continuous mineral wool insulation and plasterboard inside, avoiding any thermal bridge in the enclosure.
The flights of terraces south orientations designed act as passive protection against excessive sunlight in summer.The dual orientation of dwellings allows cross ventilation optimizing ventilation and natural lighting.
The homes have aluminum carpentries with thermal bridge breakage and low emissivity glass in north orientations,with "microventilation” aerator system.
Centralized biomass DHW system and heating, using are renewable fuel and neutral in CO2emissions, contributing to sustainable economic activity, the use of agricultural and forestry residues, fire prevention and rural development, as well as reducing the annual cost in relation to conventional sources of energy.
Underfloor heating improves the thermal comfort and contributes to energy savings, with 3cm continuous layer of insulating material, that drastically reduce the transmission of impact noise, helping to improve the acoustic quality of the building.
The reduction in demand for air conditioning through the use of bioclimatic design and passive systems, linked to improvements in generation systems involving significant reductions in CO2 emissions, make the building gets “A” ENERGY RATING.