the world's most visited architecture website

Sign up now and start saving and organizing your favorite architecture projects and photos

Sign up now to save and organize your favorite architecture projects


Find the most inspiring products for your projects in our Product Catalog.

Find the most inspiring products in our Product Catalog.


Get the ArchDaily Chrome Extension and be inspired with every new tab. Install here »


All over the world, architects are finding cool ways to re-use run-down old buildings. Click here to see the best in Refurbishment Architecture.

Want to see the coolest refurbishment projects? Click here.


Immerse yourself in inspiring buildings with our selection of 360 videos. Click here.

See our immersive, inspiring 360 videos. Click here.

Navigate articles using your keyboard
  1. ArchDaily
  2. Projects
  3. Residential Architecture
  4. Spain
  5. Ricardo Bofill
  6. 1971
  7. AD Classics: Xanadú / Ricardo Bofill

AD Classics: Xanadú / Ricardo Bofill

AD Classics: Xanadú / Ricardo Bofill
AD Classics: Xanadú / Ricardo Bofill, Courtesy of Ricardo Bofill
Courtesy of Ricardo Bofill

One of many large experiments in housing conducted by Taller de Arquitectura, Xanadú is an experimental prototype that reflects on the team's theory of a garden city in space. Built as part of the La Manzanera development, which also houses the nearby La Muralla Roja , the project contains 18 apartments intended to be summer homes.

Courtesy of Ricardo Bofill Courtesy of Ricardo Bofill Courtesy of Ricardo Bofill Courtesy of Ricardo Bofill + 17

The building began from the concept of the castle, evolving so that it arrived at a configuration inspired by the famous Peñon de Ifach crag located nearby. The project is composed of cubes whose rigid geometry is broken on the exterior to create a façade portraying a beautiful play of light and shadow and breathtaking views of the landscape. Vernacular details, curving handrails, and roof elements were added to bring together this irregular façade which combines modern principles with select traditional elements.

Courtesy of Ricardo Bofill
Courtesy of Ricardo Bofill

Every unit is composed of three cubes, one for living space, another for sleeping space, and the third for services. The cubes are grouped around a vertical axis containing the stair well and the primary structural support, an approach familiar from La Muralla Roja. After being positioned in coordination with the circulation spine, the cubes are broken down to accommodate for the program.


The apartments benefit from shaded terraces that diminish the impact of heat as well as hyperbolic roofs that offer wider vistas, which together with the adaption to local construction methods, are partly responsible for the resulting volume.

Courtesy of Ricardo Bofill
Courtesy of Ricardo Bofill

Most inspiring in this project is the fact that no plans or elevations were drawn by the architects. The units are positioned diagrammatically after being tested against structural analysis in a model. Openings are determined by orientation, light necessity, ventilation systems, privacy, and connection points. The resulting spaces boast a beautiful quality of living.

View the complete gallery

Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address.
About this office
Ricardo Bofill
Cite: Ramzi Naja. "AD Classics: Xanadú / Ricardo Bofill" 18 Feb 2013. ArchDaily. Accessed . <> ISSN 0719-8884

You've started following your first account!

Did you know?

You'll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.