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Xiaoquan Elementary School / TAO - Trace Architecture Office

  • Architects: TAO - Trace Architecture Office
  • Location: China, Sichuan Province, Xiaoquan town
  • Architect in Charge: HUA Li
  • Design Team: HUA Li, Zhu Zhiyuan, Jiang Nan, Li Guofa, Kong Desheng
  • Construction Cost: RMB 14 Million
  • Area: 8900.0 sqm
  • Project Year: 2010
  • Photographs: Yao Li

© Yao Li © Yao Li © Yao Li © Yao Li

From the architect. The old XiaoQuan Elementary School was severely damaged during the catastrophic 5.12 Sichuan earthquake in 2008 and was demolished afterwards. Supported by donations from several sponsors, the project is to build new school in the center of Xiaoquan old town. The program consists of main classroom buildings, classrooms for various activities, teacher’s office, student dormitory buildings, and dining hall. The new school will host more than 900 students.

© Yao Li
© Yao Li

The design is conceived as a cluster of small buildings to create a micro-city like campus. The fragmentary instead of unified building composition creates many urban like place such us streets, plazas, courtyards, and steps at various scales. These places are intended to encourage diversified and spontaneous activities of children. Small-scale playful corners and labyrinth like space as passage and playground are created to provoke children’s curiosity and imagination. Through this, we also intend to continue the urban space memory of Xiaoquan town in the school building, so as to avoid completely losing the continuity of urban fabric during rebuilding process after earthquake.


The design responds to Sichuan's hot and humid climate. Sunshade device, natural ventilation and heat reduction are important elements considered in design. We also explore to maximize the use of local resource and craftsmanship which can be acquired. Local materials such as wood, brick and bamboo are used for windows, walls, and ceilings. The recycled bricks from earthquake are used in pavement. Cast-in-situ concrete are used for exposed structure. The construction is completely done by a local contractor. The construction cost is well controlled within the economical budget of RMB 1,500 yuan per square meter.

© Yao Li
© Yao Li
Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Cite:"Xiaoquan Elementary School / TAO - Trace Architecture Office" 09 Feb 2012. ArchDaily. Accessed . <>