All
Projects
Products
Events
Competitions

BUGA Fibre Pavilion / ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart

BUGA Fibre Pavilion / ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart

© Roland Halbe Courtesy of ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart © Roland Halbe Courtesy of ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart + 40

Pavillion  · 
Heilbronn, Germany
  • Project Partners ICD

    Institute for Computational Design and Construction, University of Stuttgart Prof. Achim Menges, Serban Bodea, Niccolo Dambrosio, Monika Göbel, Christoph Zechmeister
  • Project Partners ITKE

    Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design, University of Stuttgart: Prof. Jan Knippers, Valentin Koslowski, Marta Gil Pérez, Bas Rongen; FibR GmbH, Stuttgart: Moritz Dörstelmann, Ondrej Kyjanek, Philipp Essers, Philipp Gülke; Bundesgartenschau Heilbronn 2019 GmbH: Hanspeter Faas, Oliver Toellner.
  • Dimensions

    23m diameter
  • Covered Area

    400m²
  • Weight of loadbearing fibre composite structure

    7,6kg/m²
  • Construction System

    60 load bearing robotically fabricated glass- and carbon fibre composite elements, out of 150.000m glass- and carbon fibres; transparent, mechanically pre-stressed ETFE membrane
More Specs Less Specs
Courtesy of ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart
Courtesy of ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart

Text description provided by the architects. Embedded in the wavelike landscape of the Bundesgartenschau grounds, the BUGA Fibre Pavilion offers visitors an astounding architectural experience and a glimpse of future construction. It builds on many years of biomimetic research in architecture at the Institute for Computational Design and Construction (ICD) and the Institute for Building Structures and Structural Design (ITKE) at the University of Stuttgart.

Courtesy of ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart
Courtesy of ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart

The pavilion demonstrates how combining cutting-edge computational technologies with constructional principles found in nature enables the development of truly novel and genuinely digital building system. The pavilion’s load-bearing structure is robotically produced from advanced fiber composites only.

© Roland Halbe
© Roland Halbe
© Roland Halbe
© Roland Halbe

This globally unique structure is not only highly effective and exceptionally lightweight, but it also provides a distinctive yet authentic architectural expression and an extraordinary spatial experience. The BUGA Fibre Pavilion aims to transfer the biological principle of load-adapted and thus highly differentiated fiber composite systems into architecture. Manmade composites, such as the glass- or carbon-fiber-reinforced plastics that were used for this building, are ideally suited for such an approach because they share their fundamental characteristics with natural composites.

Courtesy of ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart
Courtesy of ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart

The pavilion is made from more than 150.000 meters of spatially arranged glass- and carbon fibers. They all need to be individually designed and placed, which is very hard to achieve with a typical linear workflow and established production technologies.

Courtesy of ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart
Courtesy of ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart
© Roland Halbe
© Roland Halbe

Thus, it requires a novel co-design approach, where architectural design, structural engineering, and robotic fabrication are developed in continuous computational feedback. In this way, the fiber arrangement, density and orientation of each building component can be individually calibrated, structurally tuned and architecturally articulated, while remaining directly producible.

Courtesy of ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart
Courtesy of ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart

The pavilion covers a floor area of around 400 square meters and achieves a free span of more than 23 meters. It is enclosed by a fully transparent, mechanically pre-stressed ETFE membrane. The primary load bearing structure is made from 60 bespoke fiber composite components only. With 7.6 kilograms per square meter, it is exceptionally lightweight, approximately five times lighter than a more conventional steel structure.

Courtesy of ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart
Courtesy of ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart
Section
Section
© Roland Halbe
© Roland Halbe

Elaborate testing procedures required for full approval showed that a single fibrous component can take up to 250-kilo newton of compression force, which equals around 25 tons or the weight of more than 15 cars. The pavilion shows how a truly integrative approach to computational design and robotic fabrication enables the development of novel, truly digital fiber composite building systems that are fully compliant with the stringent German building regulations, exceptionally light, structurally efficient and architecturally expressive.

Courtesy of ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart
Courtesy of ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart

Project gallery

See all Show less

Project location

Address: Bundesgartenschau Heilbronn GmbH 2019, Theodor-Fischer-Straße 36, 74076 Heilbronn, Germany

Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address.
About this office
Cite: "BUGA Fibre Pavilion / ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart" 09 May 2019. ArchDaily. Accessed . <https://www.archdaily.com/916650/buga-fibre-pavilion-icd-itke-university-of-stuttgart/> ISSN 0719-8884
Courtesy of ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart

BUGA 纤维材料展亭 / ICD-ITKE 德国斯图加特大学

You've started following your first account!

Did you know?

You'll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.