The MODULE ARK, by Sponge Architects, is a design for an autarkic (=self-sufficient) ark to live and/or work on. The design is modern, modular and sustainable. Surrounding the ark with glass facades ensures a maximal openness. Despite of these big glass surfaces, the MODULE ARK stays sustainable because of the low energy consumption, realized by means of a simple mechanical principle consisting of individual façade parts that can be closed and opened separately. These parts are utilized in extreme weather conditions against overheating and hypothermia. More after the break.
Closing the facades helps to save energy when it is very cold outside and wind is blowing heavily. The closed and isolated shutters than have the effect of a sweater. Opening the facades helps to save energy when the summer sun is high in the sky and the winter sun stands low. In summer, The open shutters act as a sunscreen and in winter let the sun penetrate deep into the space. This quality makes the MODULE ARK sustainable because it can be adapted to the weather conditions and the docking place regarding the north-south orientation, the view and the protection against glimpsing.
SPONGE, MODULE ARK consists of modules composed out of concrete, steel, aluminum, glass and wood. These materials assure the MODULE ARK to be sustainable. Constructively and functionally the ark is manufactured out of a certain number of modules, each 20m². A core module holds all technical supplies, an entry, wardrobe, storage, bathroom and kitchen and forms the base of every ark. Comfortable standard modules with different functions, such as a living room, bedroom or work room can be added in various numbers and different sequences. Moreover, various terraces, pools and plant troughs can be added to the design. The modules allow a fast construction manner with low building costs and a flexible and individual composition of the ark.