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  4. The Netherlands
  5. Gerrit Rietveld
  6. 1925
  7. AD Classics: Rietveld Schroder House / Gerrit Rietveld

AD Classics: Rietveld Schroder House / Gerrit Rietveld

AD Classics: Rietveld Schroder House / Gerrit Rietveld
AD Classics: Rietveld Schroder House / Gerrit Rietveld, © Wikimedia Commons
© Wikimedia Commons

© Wikimedia Commons © Wikimedia Commons © Wikimedia Commons © Wikimedia Commons +31

From the architect. Still as visionary and eccentric as it was when it was built in the 1920s, the Schroder House by Gerrit Rietveld continues to impress architects and interior designers with its innovative solutions to prominent design questions of its time.

© Wikimedia Commons
© Wikimedia Commons

The flexibility of the interior spaces and the obviously planar quality of the house both give it an edge that makes it distinguishable and unique on every level.

© Wikimedia Commons
© Wikimedia Commons

The Schroder House is the only building that was designed in complete accordance with the De Stijl style,  which was marked by primary colors and pure ideas. 

© Wikimedia Commons
© Wikimedia Commons

Founded in 1917, the movement was named after a periodical that became the most influential voice for the ideals of modern art and architecture in the Netherlands; other famous people of the movement include Piet Mondrian and J.J.P. Oud. The group of artists and architects “sought for the universal, as the individual was losing its significance... abstraction, precision, geometry, striving towards artistic purity and austerity.”

Courtesy of Great Buildings Online
Courtesy of Great Buildings Online

Upon the death of Mr. Schroder Schrader, his wife felt the need to move into a smaller house with their three kids, where she would live until her death in 1985. The two-story house contains a transformable kitchen/dining/living area, studio space and reading room on the bottom, and the second floor contained bedrooms and storage space, only separated by portable partitions.

Courtesy of Great Buildings Online
Courtesy of Great Buildings Online

The flexibility of space meant that there was no hierarchical arrangement of rooms in the floor plan. The collapsable walls upstairs positioned around a central staircase were designed to provide the children with an option of pushing the partitions in during the day for an open play space and closing them at night for private bedrooms. 

© Wikimedia Commons
© Wikimedia Commons

The three criteria given by Mrs. Schroder about the rooms for her kids stated that a bed should be able to fit in two different positions, each room should have access to the water supply and drainage, and all should have a door to access the outdoors directly.

Courtesy of Great Buildings Online
Courtesy of Great Buildings Online

This kind of detail was well planned by Rietveld and was prominent in other areas of the design, like specific paint colors to distinguish different spaces or functions. An interesting example of this is the front door, where black paint is used because Rietveld anticipated it would be accessed the most and would therefore be easily soiled.

© Wikimedia Commons
© Wikimedia Commons

Initially considered the outskirts of Utrecht, the lot on which the house is built opened up to only a few views worth framing. It is obvious that the architect had previous experience making furniture, especially when noticing the detail and functionality of the window screen, portable partitions, and table made for the children.

© Wikimedia Commons
© Wikimedia Commons

What makes the Schroder House an icon of the Modern Movement is its radical approach to design, the use of space, and the purity of its concepts and ideas as represented in the De Stijl movement. Its transformational quality of evenly matched spaces composed of independent planes perfectly met the goals of the De Stijl movement. 

© Wikimedia Commons
© Wikimedia Commons

“As with his early chairs, Rietveld gave a new spatial meaning to the straight lines and rectangular planes of the various architectural structural elements, slabs, posts and beams, which were composed in a balanced ensemble.”

The main structure of the house is of reinforced concrete slabs and steel profiles. Walls are made of brick and plaster; window frames, doors, and floors were made from wood. To preserve the strict design standards about intersecting planes, the windows are hinged so that they are only able to open 90 degrees to the wall.

© Wikimedia Commons
© Wikimedia Commons
Cite: Megan Sveiven. "AD Classics: Rietveld Schroder House / Gerrit Rietveld" 29 Dec 2010. ArchDaily. Accessed . <http://www.archdaily.com/99698/ad-classics-rietveld-schroder-house-gerrit-rietveld/>
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40 Comments

imene · January 25, 2014

je veux s'avoir l'analyse de cette maison

Kyle Rains · May 05, 2012
Edu Saldivia · July 22, 2011

Lo mejor de la casa Schroder se ve por dentro. http://j.mp/gvIoO1

Adriana Kertzer · June 10, 2011

Learning all about the Rietveld Schroder House / Gerrit Rietveld http://t.co/QuEZJqu via @archdaily

pmenaarqto · January 18, 2011

Rietveld Schröderhuijs, 1924-5, todo un clásico: http://www.archdaily.com/99698...

Didier Fritschke · January 07, 2011

AD Classics: Rietveld Schroder House / Gerrit Rietveld / http://t.co/BTyy2St. Always the basis of architectur (via @archdaily) #in

Frédéric Deschamp · January 05, 2011

RT @urbain_: La maison Schroder, par Rietveld, l&#39exemple le plus abouti de l&#39architecture du Stijl http://ow.ly/3xRlf /notre papier http ...

URBAIN trop URBAIN · January 05, 2011

La maison Schroder, par Rietveld, l&#39exemple le plus abouti de l&#39architecture du Stijl http://ow.ly/3xRlf /notre papier http://ow.ly/3xRmi

Urbain, trop urbain · January 04, 2011

Hello,
A fresh illustrated article on the De Stijl exhibition at Le Centre Pompidou:
http://www.urbain-trop-urbain....
In french...

Steve Evans · December 31, 2010

This was the first architect&#39s work (Richard Murphy excepted) we took proper interest in and the first we ever... http://fb.me/M92kAGrL

André Amaral · December 31, 2010

AD Classics: Rietveld Schroder House / Gerrit Rietveld | ArchDaily http://t.co/2Jk4fhy via @archdaily

Mark Gardner · December 31, 2010

AD Classics: Rietveld Schroder House / Gerrit Rietveld | ArchDaily http://t.co/maStC8P via @archdaily

Red Wolf · December 31, 2010

Rietveld Schroder House / Gerrit Rietveld http://goo.gl/jS2os #architecture

daqb design · December 30, 2010

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Paola Grano · December 30, 2010

AD Classics: Rietveld Schroder House / Gerrit Rietveld | ArchDaily http://t.co/zRdfJqa via @archdaily

Cauê Costa · December 30, 2010

DE STIJLERA RT: @ArchDaily: AD Classics: Rietveld Schroder House / Gerrit Rietveld http://archdai.ly/gH7Zaa #architecture

Milan Kramolis · December 30, 2010

#architecture - good one :-) /// AD Classics: Rietveld Schroder House / Gerrit Rietveld http://www.archdaily.com/?p=99...

Milan Kramolis · December 30, 2010

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Nemesis Republic · December 30, 2010

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Andy Marshall · December 30, 2010

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Nicholas Patten · December 30, 2010

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Hemant negi · December 30, 2010

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DEZIGN · December 30, 2010

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Luiz Dumont · December 30, 2010

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v|[+0r · December 30, 2010

:D great house: http://www.archdaily.com/99698... @ArchDaily

Architekt R V Scholz · December 30, 2010

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Architecture+Molding · December 30, 2010

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spectives#design · December 30, 2010

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Scott @ Cube Studio · December 30, 2010

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Vincent Beneche · December 30, 2010

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Robin · December 30, 2010

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Barry Maguire · December 30, 2010

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Engy · December 30, 2010

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Corporate Punk · December 30, 2010

AD Classics: Rietveld Schroder House / Gerrit Rietveld: ©Wikimedia CommonsStill as visionary and eccentric as it... http://bit.ly/idayvv

Erik Joya · December 30, 2010

AD Classics: Rietveld Schroder House / Gerrit Rietveld: ©Wikimedia Commons Still as visionary… http://goo.gl/fb/N9epu

ArchitecturePassion · December 30, 2010

AD Classics: Rietveld Schroder House / Gerrit Rietveld: ©Wikimedia CommonsStill as visionary and eccentric... http://tinyurl.com/2ekx6kh

Bocetos Digitales · December 30, 2010

AD Classics: Rietveld Schroder House / Gerrit Rietveld: ©Wikimedia CommonsStill as visionary and eccentric as it... http://bit.ly/fcyasA

mvb · December 30, 2010

I visited it last year in a guided tour (the only way to go inside)and it was unbelievable how the moving walls disappeared in a few seconds, transforming the first floor in one single space. Taking into account that this house was designed in 1925 is still visionary. Everything was designed carefully and is full of ingenious details. The visit worth it.

fjrshnnt · December 30, 2010

architecture with "attitude"...last forever, this is it!
BAGUS!!!

rolo · December 30, 2010

simply beautiful...

lime · December 30, 2010 09:17 AM

classic

···

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