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  1. ArchDaily
  2. Projects
  3. Adaptive Reuse
  4. The Netherlands
  5. B-ILD
  6. 2014
  7. War Bunker Refurbishment / B-ILD

War Bunker Refurbishment / B-ILD

  • 01:00 - 29 October, 2014
War Bunker Refurbishment / B-ILD
War Bunker Refurbishment / B-ILD, © Tim Van de Velde
© Tim Van de Velde

© Tim Van de Velde © Tim Van de Velde © Tim Van de Velde © Tim Van de Velde +22

  • Architects

  • Location

    4214 Vuren, The Netherlands
  • Architect in Charge

    Kelly Hendriks, Bruno Despierre
  • Contractor

    Bouwbedrijf Den Toom Heikop
  • Area

    11.0 sqm
  • Project Year

  • Photographs

© Tim Van de Velde
© Tim Van de Velde

From the architect. B-ILD - BUNKER

The project was part of an advertising campaign for the office Famous. A dilapidated bunker was transformed into a holiday home allowing two families to win this bunker as a temporary holiday retreat. Due to the success of the refurbishment, it was decided to keep the bunker permanently open for accommodation. The half-buried bunker lies on the site of the Fort Vuren in the Netherlands in a green surrounding. This site was part of the ‘Nieuwe Hollandse Waterlinie’. The building was protected and had to be approached with due respect. The Dutch Commission for Monuments has taken the project to heart and supported it.

© Tim Van de Velde
© Tim Van de Velde


The conversion of a derelict bunker with a very restricted surface demands an original approach. Since the usable surface of the main room measures 3 by 3m with a height of just 1.8m, only the bare essentials for a family holiday could be added. Taking inspiration from ‘Le Cabanon’ by Le Corbusier, flexible wooden furnishing was conceived to maximize the potential of the interior space.

Floor Plan
Floor Plan

The main room functions as a living room as well as a bedroom. None of the carpentry is standard - everything is custom-made allowing us to optimally use the space. All furniture can fold or slide away or be pushed up and down. Therefore all objects have a double function. Stools are used as a bedside table, a coffee table or a step. To contrast with the hard and monolithic character we chose to work with materials such as meranti plywood. Recesses in the concrete were used to their full potential to accommodate a kitchen of storage space.

© Tim Van de Velde
© Tim Van de Velde


The limited surface of the bunker was extended with an outdoor deck. The deck can accommodate activities such as cooking, sitting, sunbathing and storage. The perimeter of the deck is an exact copy of the outer circumference of the bunker making all the more obvious how much area is lost in the thickness of the monolithic concrete walls. From the deck you get a panoramic view of the surroundings. The contrasts between the two areas are mutually reinforcing. The platform is made up of wooden boards, which are identical in type and size as the formwork that was originally used to construct the concrete walls of the bunker. This print can still clearly be seen on the walls.

© Tim Van de Velde
© Tim Van de Velde
Cite: "War Bunker Refurbishment / B-ILD" 29 Oct 2014. ArchDaily. Accessed . <>
Read comments


KH · October 31, 2014

It know this is not what it is originally design for. Is there a concern on heating and flooding?

Jack Harris · October 29, 2014

As usual, where's the bathroom?


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