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AD Classics: Maison de Verre / Pierre Chareau + Bernard Bijvoet

© Wikimedia user: Subrealistsandu © Wikimedia user: Subrealistsandu © Wikimedia user: Subrealistsandu © Wikimedia user: Subrealistsandu

From the architect. Designed by Pierre Chareau and Bernard Bijvoet, the Maison de Verre translated as “House of Glass,” is a milestone in early modern architectural design. 

© Wikimedia user: Subrealistsandu
© Wikimedia user: Subrealistsandu

Built in 1932, the house uses various industrial and mechanical fixtures juxtaposed with a traditional style of home furnishings all under the transparency and lightness of the façade. 

© Wikimedia user: Subrealistsandu
© Wikimedia user: Subrealistsandu

Unable to expel an elderly woman on the top floor, the house was engraved underneath an existing apartment. As such, the house uses skeleton frame steel construction allowing a free plan and the use of omnipresent lightweight materials, such as glass and glass block.

© Wikimedia user: Subrealistsandu
© Wikimedia user: Subrealistsandu

An interesting aspect of this house is the ubiquitous mechanical fixtures. On the ground floor was a medical suite for Dr. Jean Dalsace. 

This unusual circulation arrangement was resolved by a rotating screen which hid the private stairs from patients during the day, but framed the stairs at night. 

© Wikimedia user: Subrealistsandu
© Wikimedia user: Subrealistsandu

Other mechanical components include an overhead trolley from the kitchen to dining room, a retracting stair from the private sitting room to a bedroom, and complex bathroom cupboards and fittings.

© Wikimedia user: Subrealistsandu
© Wikimedia user: Subrealistsandu

Spatial division inside is customizable by the use of sliding, folding, and rotating screens in glass, sheet or perforated metal.

© Wikimedia user: Subrealistsandu
© Wikimedia user: Subrealistsandu

The honesty of materials, variable transparency of forms, and the juxtaposition of “industrial” materials and traditional home décor makes Maison de Verre a landmark in 20th century architecture.

Axon
Axon
Cite:Brian Pagnotta. "AD Classics: Maison de Verre / Pierre Chareau + Bernard Bijvoet" 27 Jun 2012. ArchDaily. Accessed . <http://www.archdaily.com/248077/ad-classics-maison-de-verre-pierre-chareau-bernard-bijvoet/>