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  1. ArchDaily
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  3. Train Station
  4. United Kingdom
  5. John McAslan + Partners
  6. 2012
  7. King’s Cross Station / John McAslan + Partners

King’s Cross Station / John McAslan + Partners

  • 01:00 - 21 March, 2012
King’s Cross Station / John McAslan + Partners
King’s Cross Station / John McAslan + Partners, © Hufton and Crow
© Hufton and Crow

© Hufton and Crow © Hufton and Crow © Hufton and Crow © Hufton and Crow +28

“The transformation of King's Cross station by John McAslan + Partners (JMP) represents a compelling piece of place-making for London. The show-piece is clearly the Western Concourse - Europe’s largest single span station structure and the heart of the development, but the overall project is far more complex: an extraordinary, collaborative effort that has delivered an internationally significant transport interchange, fit for the 21st century and beyond.

© Hufton and Crow
© Hufton and Crow

We are very proud of our role as lead architects and master-planners of the King's Cross redevelopment, and it's immensely satisfying to see the project delivered on time, ready for the capital's celebration of the London Olympics later this year.”

plan
plan

- John McAslan, Chairman John McAslan + Partners

© Hufton and Crow
© Hufton and Crow

With this multi-phased development now complete, the significance of the King’s Cross Station redevelopment is finally revealed. The transformation of King’s Cross Station for Network Rail involves three very different styles of architecture: re-use, restoration and new build. The train shed and range buildings have been adapted and re-used, the station’s previously obscured Grade I listed façade is being precisely restored, and a new, highly expressive Western Concourse has been designed as a centrepiece and the 'beating heart' of the project. When the station opens to the public on 19 March 2012, King's Cross will become a new, iconic architectural gateway to the city, ready for the 2012 London Olympics. Our design re-orientates the station to the west, creating significant operational improvements and will reveal the main south façade of Lewis Cubitt’s original 1852 station.

© Hufton and Crow
© Hufton and Crow

Although the Western Concourse is probably the most visually striking change to the station, JMP’s work on the project also involves a series of layered interventions and restorations including the restoration of the Eastern Range building and the revitalisation of the Main Train Shed, Suburban Train Shed and Western Range buildings.

© Phil Adams
© Phil Adams

Our practice began work on the project in 1998 and established the overall master-plan for the development in 2005. As a result we have played a key role in the wider transformation of the King's Cross area - infrastructural, social and commercial changes that now connect the station with the massive King’s Cross Central scheme north of the station as well as to St Pancras, the London Underground, and the surrounding urban context. The architectural ambition of JMP’s scheme has been to create a new iconic landmark that will function as a key catalyst for the ongoing regeneration of this new London quarter as well as providing striking new facilities that will accommodate the 50 million passengers now passing through the station each year.

© John Sturrock
© John Sturrock

WESTERN CONCOURSE

The centrepiece of the £500m redevelopment is the new vaulted, semi-circular concourse to the west of the existing station. The concourse rises some 20m and spans the full 150m-length of the existing Grade I Listed Western Range, creating a new entrance to the station through the south end of the structure and at mezzanine level to the northern end of the Western Concourse.

diagram
diagram

The 7,500sqm concourse has become Europe’s largest single-span station structure, comprising of 16 steel tree form columns that radiate from an expressive, tapered central funnel. The graceful circularity of the concourse echoes the form of the neighbouring Great Northern Hotel, with the ground floor of the hotel providing access to the concourse.

© Hufton and Crow
© Hufton and Crow

The Western Concourse sits adjacent to the façade of the Western Range, clearly revealing the restored brickwork and masonry of the original station. From this dramatic interior space, passengers access the platforms either through the ground level gate-lines in the Ticket Hall via the Western Range building, or by using the mezzanine level gate-line, which leads onto the new cross–platform footbridge.

© Hufton and Crow
© Hufton and Crow

Located above the new London Underground northern ticketing hall, and with retail elements at mezzanine level, the concourse will transform passenger facilities, whilst also enhancing links to the London Underground, and bus, taxi and train connections at St Pancras. The concourse is set to become an architectural gateway to the King’s Cross Central mixed-use developments, a key approach to the eastern entrance of St Pancras International. It will also act as an extension to King’s Cross Square, a new plaza that will be formed between the station’s southern façade and Euston Road.

© Phil Adams
© Phil Adams

WESTERN RANGE

The Western Range at King's Cross is the historic station’s biggest component, accommodating a wide range of uses. Complex in plan, and articulated in five buildings, the practice's considered architectural intervention has delivered greatly improved working conditions for the station staff, train-operating companies and Network Rail management teams. The Northern Wing, destroyed by bombing in World War II, has been rebuilt to its original design. The reinstatement of the Western Range also delivers key gated connections, including a new gate-line at the southern end, now the main point of connection between the Western Concourse and the platforms of the Main Train Shed.

© Hufton and Crow
© Hufton and Crow

MAIN TRAIN SHED

The station’s Main Train Shed is 250m long, 22m high and 65m wide, spanning eight platforms. The restoration includes revealing the bold architecture of the original south façade, re-glazing the north and south gables and refurbishing platforms The two barrel-vaulted roofs are currently being refurbished and lined with energy-saving photo-voltaic arrays along the linear roof lanterns, while a new glass footbridge designed by JMP extends across the Main Train Shed, replacing the old mid-shed Handyside bridge and giving access to every platform as well as the mezzanine level of the concourse.

© Hufton and Crow
© Hufton and Crow

JMP’s design integrates the main and suburban train sheds for the first time, creating a completely coherent ground-plan for passenger movements into and through the station. Improvements to the Suburban Train Shed located to the north of the Western Concourse and Western Range buildings have enhanced the operation of its three platforms (the busiest in the station during peak-hours).

plan
plan

The ambitious transformation of the station creates a remarkable dialogue between Cubitt’s original station and 21st-century architecture - a quantum shift in strategic infrastructure design in the UK. This relationship between old and new creates a modern transport super-hub at King's Cross, whilst revitalising and unveiling one of the great railway monuments of Britain.

© Hufton and Crow
© Hufton and Crow
Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Cite: "King’s Cross Station / John McAslan + Partners" 21 Mar 2012. ArchDaily. Accessed . <http://www.archdaily.com/219082/kings-cross-station-john-mcaslan-partners/>
Read comments

66 Comments

Aida · April 07, 2014

Amazing and breathtaking structure.

carol · August 19, 2012

Glad to see some of my drawings for King’s Cross Station made it onto http://t.co/bARXsMtY via @archdaily

Aston Roberts · August 19, 2012

Glad to see some of my drawings for King’s Cross Station made it onto http://t.co/bARXsMtY via @archdaily

Danny Maes · July 25, 2012

Whuut: http://t.co/TvCHeL21 !! Ik mag hopen dat de entree naar perron 9 3/4 nu wel wat duidelijker wordt aangegeven :s #muggles

South of Urban · June 14, 2012

King’s Cross Station Transformation | design by John McAslan + Partners | http://t.co/pgRG2bUc

Nigel Cameron · June 08, 2012

Only prob is the TRAINS! RT @CASUDI: King’s Cross Station / John McAslan + Partners via @ArchDaily http://t.co/ouXQRHoh //Quite amazing!

CASUDI · June 08, 2012

King’s Cross Station / John McAslan + Partners via @ArchDaily http://t.co/LnQmR9xH //Quite amazing!

CASUDI · June 08, 2012

King’s Cross Station / John McAslan + Partners via @ArchDaily http://t.co/XbBCrt2i //Quite amazing!

Jarodrigo · June 08, 2012

How bout a bit of Britishness w/ ur morning tea? King&#39s Cross: http://t.co/xqPwPRTo & Prince Charles&#39 Unlikely Legacy: http://t.co/597MJTLW

Burutapen · June 08, 2012

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????????? ????????? · June 08, 2012

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Arquitectura · June 07, 2012

How bout a bit of Britishness w/ ur morning tea? King&#39s Cross: http://t.co/QmNvXkuQ & Prince Charles&#39 Unlikely Legacy: http://t.co/CjzePFuL

Curves 'Graph · June 07, 2012

How bout a bit of Britishness w/ ur morning tea? King&#39s Cross: http://t.co/xqPwPRTo & Prince Charles&#39 Unlikely Legacy: http://t.co/597MJTLW

rohin sher · June 07, 2012

A new look for King&#39s Cross..... http://t.co/mWYRj9HG

JohnMcAslan+Partners · June 06, 2012

http://t.co/q2vbm2wC - Incredible #architecture! Thanks for sharing @ArchDaily - King’s Cross Station / John McAslan + Partners. #Design

Bishops Construction · June 06, 2012

Kings Cross station is undergoing some major changes - undertaken by lead architects and master planners John... http://t.co/TZ8IHjVa

Vaughan William Owen · June 06, 2012

http://t.co/q2vbm2wC - Incredible #architecture! Thanks for sharing @ArchDaily - King’s Cross Station / John McAslan + Partners. #Design

Tony Harrington · June 06, 2012

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Ryan Waddington · June 06, 2012

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Curves 'Graph · June 06, 2012

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Bidault · June 06, 2012

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Arnab Mukherjee · June 06, 2012

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PRO7 · May 10, 2012

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Brian Van · May 03, 2012

Awesome addition at King&#39s Cross Station. I don&#39t remember seeing this in Harry Potter. http://t.co/FYgwOsi7

Antje pasinga.com · April 27, 2012

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Vertex Modelling · April 27, 2012

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Antje Pasinga · April 27, 2012

it really is spectacular

GBSArchitects · April 25, 2012

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David Skidmore · March 28, 2012

I love this. The perfect blend of new meets old architecture. http://t.co/TTrdZ3y4

Joel Marc · March 28, 2012

I love this. The perfect blend of new meets old architecture. http://t.co/TTrdZ3y4

Joel Marc · March 28, 2012

I love this. The perfect blend of new meets old architecture. http://t.co/TTrdZ3y4

Jyung Hwa Jin (???) · March 27, 2012

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robert cooper · March 27, 2012

Elegant. Spectacular. Friendly. Magnificent.Rational.Respectful.

fateme · November 18, 2013 08:39 PM

hi..

C³ - C Cube · March 27, 2012

This is some nicely design and massive structure! http://t.co/YKmLBsoz @archdaily #architecture #london2012

Martin Luff · March 27, 2012

The new King&#39s Cross Station London; a striking combo of new and old can be done #eqnz #chch #cathedral http://t.co/krRArjU6 #architecture

Gibson Goff · March 27, 2012

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Kaisa Kokkonen · March 26, 2012

LONDON: King&#39s Cross Station / John McAslan + Partners (PHOTOS)... http://t.co/XVJLurZ5

Ellen Ward · March 26, 2012

King’s Cross Station. http://t.co/KivkPR8I

Nicholas Patten · March 26, 2012

King’s Cross Station. http://t.co/KivkPR8I

Lærke Philipsen · March 25, 2012

That is extremely beautiful! Wow!

project 2.0 · March 25, 2012

King’s Cross Station by John McAslan + Partners http://t.co/4gVU11yZ #urban #design

Jorge Gonzalo · March 25, 2012

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JG Russell · March 25, 2012

Beautiful!

Dory Azar Architect · March 24, 2012

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Who Dat Consulting · March 24, 2012

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Jordan So · March 23, 2012

The transformation of London&#39s King&#39s Cross Station is really incredible: http://t.co/bOR3zB9w More photos @ http://t.co/Z3bEjCJU

TWT PARTNERS · March 23, 2012

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Martin Lentz · March 23, 2012

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Griffo68 · March 23, 2012

The transformation of London&#39s King&#39s Cross Station is really incredible: http://t.co/bOR3zB9w More photos @ http://t.co/Z3bEjCJU

Tom Pearson · March 23, 2012

The new King&#39s Cross looks beautiful. A stunning transformation. [cc @laurapea ] http://t.co/it9Nj7nS

Pauls Jansons · March 23, 2012

The transformation of London&#39s King&#39s Cross Station is really incredible: http://t.co/bOR3zB9w More photos @ http://t.co/Z3bEjCJU

?nicöle · March 23, 2012

The transformation of London&#39s King&#39s Cross Station is really incredible: http://t.co/bOR3zB9w More photos @ http://t.co/Z3bEjCJU

Elvis Abeltins · March 23, 2012

The transformation of London&#39s King&#39s Cross Station is really incredible: http://t.co/bOR3zB9w More photos @ http://t.co/Z3bEjCJU

May · March 23, 2012

The transformation of London&#39s King&#39s Cross Station is really incredible: http://t.co/bOR3zB9w More photos @ http://t.co/Z3bEjCJU

Michel Dalloni · March 23, 2012

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Rosana · March 23, 2012

“@ArchDaily: King’s Cross Station / John McAslan + Partners http://t.co/dPphZ0J6 #architecture”

SoshA · March 22, 2012

OMG
Such magnificent & unique structure steel.

Phillip Bridges · March 24, 2012 06:56 PM

what about all the Hogwarts students, can they still get to their destination

RADcTION · March 22, 2012

RT| King’s Cross Station / John McAslan + Partners: © Hufton and Crow
Architect: John McAslan + Partn... http://t.co/5A3oM1sQ @archdaily

Travel Writer · March 22, 2012

RT| King’s Cross Station / John McAslan + Partners: © Hufton and Crow
Architect: John McAslan + Partn... http://t.co/Y6qOkSE6 @archdaily

Carla · March 22, 2012

These look DELICIOUS sesame almond brown rice balls http://t.co/RDSZeIYj

Blake Bergeron · March 22, 2012
Lao Y · March 22, 2012

RT @ArchDaily: King’s Cross Station / John McAslan + Partners http://t.co/i6DAtlME #architecture

?? ?? · March 22, 2012

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Dmytro Golub · March 22, 2012

King’s Cross Station http://t.co/9cIlr7cs #fb

Stefano Verdecchia · March 22, 2012
Aarton Du · March 22, 2012

King’s Cross Station / John McAslan + Partners http://t.co/OFY6bszO via @archdaily

···

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© Hufton and Crow

国王十字火车站 / John McAslan + Partners