Architects: Tima Stúdió, KÖZTI Zrt
Location: Budapest, Hungary
Architects: KÖZTI Zrt - Tima Stúdió - Zoltán Tima, Tamás Németh, Tibor Molnár
Project Year: 2011
Photographs: Tamás Bujnovszky
From the architect. The existing structures of Terminal 2 were constructed in line with a modular arrangement concept typical in the Seventies. Under this concept, the building of 3 independently operated terminals was planned diagonally arranged around a common centre.
Terminal 2A built in 1984 shows well the clear design philosophy of the complex organized by a diagonal centre-line. While the layout of Terminal 2B stands for the basic concept, its plan construction – keeping the diagonal arrangement, though – breaks with the clear symmetry at several points.
The project basic concept was that the extension should be accomplished in the area of the existing structures or connected directly to them in a way, that the new implemented building ensures the complete union of the two former terminals. Consequently, design methodology breaks away with the modular system and, on the contrary: it attempts the total integration of the two modules. Besides maintaining main entrances, the new hall to be built between the existing structures is in focus. The general perspective will be then organized around this central component.
The new hall or lounge - the "SkyCourt" - will determine not only the external appearance of the complex, but its internal spaces too, and will conjoin the two modular terminals into one organic unit. The landside boundaries of this part of the building are formed by the present departure-side facade and the traffic bridge. On airside the building overlaps the line of the present facade of 2A and 2B by 21 m. The steel roof structure with almost 70 m span will be supported along these two boundary lines only. The form of the roof structure reflects the internal functional arrangement and operation of the new Terminal. The two-third closed roof surface curving down at landside -despite of its dimensions- strengthens the functional importance of the two existing passenger halls and their main entrances.
The SkyCourt will be an emblem of the new building complex both in its external and internal appearance providing international rank to the Airport. The most important part of the building is the two-storied passenger hall, which will be crossed by both departing and transfer passengers. After taking over their boarding card and the security check, passengers will enter the central part of SkyCourt, which besides the experience of space gives place to shops and commercial units on large area. Rest and waiting areas was provided on spacious surfaces on departure level as well. Restaurants and lounges of individual airlines were built on the Mezzanine.
During further developing phases airside extensions of 2A and 2B Terminals will be carried out which will be completed with the Piers, perpendicular to the Terminals, which enables the direct boarding of the passengers to the airplanes by 10-10 new boarding gates on both side.