Description via Amazon. The Type V City presents innovative research into urban material patterns, expanding the understanding of socio-economic and ecological vulnerability as influenced by building material properties through various systems of regulation, financing, and construction. 'Type V' is one of the International Building Code's construction types that rate levels of material combustibility. Since the early Twentieth Century, building codes used construction types to control material distribution across American cities. Code-based urban patterns emerged from these rules to define neighbourhood material characteristics and layer new material strata. The resulting cumulative protection from conflagration was achieved. However additional, unintentional cumulative performance was ignored. The impact of material building stock on patterns of urban equity and regional ecology remains a particular blind spot in building regulation, and in the larger discourse surrounding resilience and environmental justice. This text addresses the challenges of increasingly diverse urban risks and the need for nuanced, adaptive material performance by examining urban material patterns and their connection to specific risks across five American cities. The book presents material technology in the context of systems of influence and consequence, including production, maintenance, financing, ecology, and health. It is an important tool for architects to explore the value of material investment, for policy-makers setting performance standards, and for instructors presenting the next generation of designers with a broad context for building material technology and urban equity.
TitleThe Type V City: Codifying Urban Material Inequity
AuthorJeana D. Ripple