The Indicator: 101 Things I Didn’t Learn in Architecture School

This article is co-authored by Sherin Wing

1] Even if your boss is your friend he may have to axe you to save his business.

2] Read the book, On Bullshit, by Harry G. Frankfurt. Carry it with you. It’s pocket-sized.

3] Do not drink at work and especially do not get toasted around your colleagues under any circumstances.

4] No matter how highly you may think of yourself you may still be a minion in the eyes of others who hold more power than you.

5] Once you leave architecture school not everybody cares about architecture or wants to talk about it.

6] All eating habits and diets acquired during school should be jettisoned.

7] The hygiene habits you kept in architecture school are inappropriate for real life; bathe regularly and change your underwear.

8] The rush and exhilaration you experience in studio may be inversely proportional to how much you will enjoy working for a firm.

9] It’s architecture, not medicine. You can take a break and no one will die.

10] Significant others are more important than architecture; they are the ones who will pull you through in the end. See 49.

Keep reading after the break.

11] Being smart and having advanced degrees can make you a better designer.

12] The industry underpays. Push for what you are worth.

13] Mind your internet traffic at work unless you are certain your office does not have someone monitoring. Of course you should be working every minute, so this goes without saying.

14] Go home to your family.

15] Call your loved one’s frequently.

16] If you are working overtime, the firm buys dinner.*
*Contingent on office policies, of course.

17] Don’t keep a mayline screwed to your desk. They are not cool and they date you. The same goes for colored pencils.

18] Get the biggest monitor you can.

19] Do not, however, ask for two monitors. Even though it makes you look like a bad-ass you will be expected to do twice the amount of work.

20] Make sure team roles are clearly defined.

21] Know what your role is.

22] Be careful with emails. If in doubt, don’t send.

23] At times respect and civility seem to be scarce commodities in architecture.

24] Be cautious of “opportunities” that do not pay.

25] Sometimes the most critical person on your jury might actually be right.

26] Understand how your office is run as a business and how they go after projects.

27] It is best to keep your outside activities quiet.

28] Your boss reads your blog.

29] Pyromania, car soccer, and other antics you made up to amuse yourself at 3 am are not actually normal. See 49.

30] There are no architectural emergencies that should make you completely give up your life on the outside. That may have been the ethos in studio, but don’t carry it into the office.

31] Be suspicious if your firm expects you to work long hours of overtime for no compensation. Be doubly suspicious if they justify it by saying things like, “It’s just part of the learning curve” or “We had to go through this, too.”

32] If a police officer pulls you over on the freeway for doing 90 mph on a Sunday morning while heading into the office, it’s time to re-evaluate your priorities.

33] Know who the decision-makers are.

34] Don’t dress like an intern. See 72.

35] Read Dana Cuff’s Architecture: The Story of Practice.

36] Expect to be regarded with suspicion if your undergraduate degree is not in architecture.

37] Don’t be seduced by mere appearances.

38] If your firm is outsourcing work to save money, be concerned.

39] Architecture firms can have multiple glass ceilings. Be aware of them all.

40] If a principal of a firm sees making coffee or moving boxes as beneath him/her, consider looking for another office.

41] If a principal doesn’t say good morning when you say good morning to him/her, consider looking for another office.

42] When firms advertise themselves as think tanks or research labs, ask them specifically what it is that they do. And most importantly, make sure they pay. Well.

43] If you are invited to be on a jury, don’t trash the student just to make yourself look good or to contradict a rival on the jury. Be constructive and try to help the student. This is the point.

44] Subvert the signature of the software, unless you consciously want the architecture to convey this signature.

45] Architects are in a service industry. They provide services to clients.

46] In proportion to their pay, architects require the most education, most training, and the most exams to become licensed professionals.

47] Don’t be a Typhoid Mary. When sick, stay home.

48] Embrace the business-side of architecture.

49] If you are an architect you should automatically qualify for psychotherapy and medication.

50] Most architects believe they were destined to become architects because of their early childhood experiences. They showed signs of architectural greatness at a very young age. This is a myth that reinforces an unhealthy hero complex. See 49.

51] Architecture in the academy is completely removed from the profession. Likewise, the values within the academy are radically different from the values within a firm.

52] Be cautious about applying theory to space.

53] Do not take design strategies or operations learned in studio too seriously.

54] Know the difference between architectural celebrity and actual worth.

55] Read books with words, not just pictures.

56] All firms are different. Shop.

57] To save time, assume your wife is right.

58] Do not date an architect unless you are certain he/she is able to maintain a healthy life outside of architecture. See 49.

59] Architects should not intermarry. Inbreeding is not good for the gene pool. See 49.

60] If you are married when you go to architecture school, studio ends at 7:00.

61] Do not buy into the fashion of the moment and simply dismiss certain architects without examining them for yourself.

62] Architects who do not build things also have important things to say and should be listened to.

63] If your studio instructor is a recent graduate, be alarmed.

64] Do not obsess about sustainability to the exclusion of other factors.

65] Renderings done in China are so last year.

66] If you start a think tank make sure you have some thoughts to put in it.

67] Read Rem Koolhaas, but do not obsess and fantasize about being him. Delirious New York is still relevant.

68] Archi-babble does not make you sound cool.

69] Keep in touch with everyone you know, especially if they aren’t in architecture.

70] In fact, make friends who are not architects.

71] Do not wear the same shoes every day, They will start to smell.

72] Make sure your jeans are up-to-date. No acid-wash. No baggy.

73] The economically distressed urban zones you can afford while in school are not gentrified just because you and your friends have moved in.

74] If you must read Italo Calvino, read more than just Invisible Cities.

75] Expect a period of post-traumatic stress disorder after you graduate. Do not make any important decisions during this time.

76] Don’t get a dog just because you are lonely.

77] Architecture is fueled by fetishes—rectilinear designer eyewear, for instance.

78] When trying to decide if a theory book is good, check the bibliography first.

79] Listen to your elders. They are wise.

80] FAIA can mean different things to different people.

81] If you already have a B.Arch, consider further education in a different field. Your M.Arch. can’t make a real contribution to the field if you’re just showing off software skills.

82] Always back up your hard drive.

83] Embrace social media, but don’t be its bitch. Only tweet/post when you have something important to say.

84] Architecture firms should consider forming economic alliances similar to OPEC.

85] Even if you don’t like the look of someone’s architecture they may have something valuable to teach you.

86] Great architecture, like great art, tends to arise from deep psychological issues. See 49.

87] The eighties and postmodernism were not all bad.

88] Being avant-garde is a choice that should be evaluated.

89] Architect’s web pages are often out of control and take too long to load.

90] In one’s life there are a finite number of all-nighters one can pull. You probably used them all up in school.

91] Understand the contexts from which modernism arose.

92] When the economy is good architects can rely on experience to run firms, but when the economy is bad they need advanced business skills they may not possess.

93] Architecture is dependent on boom and bust cycles.

94] Good design is not necessarily the most important factor in running a successful architecture firm.

95] Branding is important.

96] In a corporate firm, those at the top are not necessarily the best but they may have been there the longest.

97] Being good at software does not make you a good architect.

98] Architecture is cliquish.

99] Many architects do not live in houses designed by themselves or other architects.

100] Architecture office parking lots communicate success. There should be at least a couple high-end luxury cars. If there are a lot of beaters, be wary. If all cars are beaters, don’t go in.

101] Be concerned when you are too idle at work.

, a weekly column focusing on the culture, business and economics of architecture, is written by Guy Horton. The opinions expressed in are Guy Horton’s alone and do not represent those of ArchDaily and it’s affiliates. Based in Los Angeles, he is a frequent contributor to Architectural Record, The Architect’s Newspaper and other publications. He also writes on architecture for The Huffington Post. Follow Guy on Twitter.

Cite: Horton, Guy. "The Indicator: 101 Things I Didn’t Learn in Architecture School" 03 Dec 2010. ArchDaily. Accessed 23 Sep 2014. <>


  1. Thumb up Thumb down +2

    Jesus…..I’m glad I never put myself in an office where I could truly understand that list. Life is what you make it. If one chooses the path of great benefits at the expense of idealism then so be it. I choose the path of most resistance and have enjoyed getting “toasted around my coworkers” and have never been to “idle to work”.

    • Thumb up Thumb down -1

      Mr. Horton has such a wit about him! And the editing by Ms. Wing seals the deal on this poignant content! Thanks for publishing some hilarity once in a while.

  2. Thumb up Thumb down +3

    102. Have everything you need to take with you ready to go BEFORE you get called into THE MEETING. This means always have a backup when you know you are sitting in an ejector seat, which is a permanent condition in this profession.

    103. Update your CV/Resume after the completion of every project, at a minimum. If this isn’t done, you’ll never remember half of what you did.

  3. Thumb up Thumb down +2

    LOL. Great read. Although I’ve only recently graduated from archi school, I’ve been a drafty/technician for many years. It’s pretty much on the money.

  4. Thumb up Thumb down 0

    Super awesome! I am just on the verge of my getting my UG degree and yes, I am already feeling it. Great article and insight. Thanks.. :)

  5. Thumb up Thumb down -1

    i have few more of them have to be a magician to understand what your boss wants & doesn’t want.

    2.You have to convince your client by fitting his endless requirement into a small petty shop size site & make it look priceless within his few penny budget have to struggle with a bunch of fools, brainless asses to get your design built & convince the client who always feels that his idea is better than yours

    • Thumb up Thumb down 0

      If this is the only advice you can give, maybe you’ve been doing it wrong. re: 1.- Your boss may not be clear about what he wants, but do you ask questions to clarify- specific questions? If not, you’re just part of the problem, or maybe even all of the problem. re: 2.&3.- It’s true, you’ll have to convince clients of many things, so it helps to be persuasive and knowledgeable, as well as understanding.

  6. Thumb up Thumb down 0

    There are some real gems in here. Consider publishing them as a book like Matthew Frederick did.

  7. Thumb up Thumb down +1

    5] Once you leave architecture school not everybody cares about architecture or wants to talk about it.

    So true. Jet, so many students forget about it…

  8. Thumb up Thumb down 0

    Man, this is GREAT!

    Biggest thing here is keep family and friends. Listen to wife.

    There are (only) 5 (FIVE) design greats in our field every century.

    Do NOT believe you are one of them.

    Get and keep a balanced life –as much as possible–if you want to stick around!!!

  9. Thumb up Thumb down +1

    57] To save time, assume your wife is right.

    rather offensive and sexist. women are architects also.

    • Thumb up Thumb down +8

      See #49

    • Thumb up Thumb down +8

      and sometimes women have wifes too

    • Thumb up Thumb down +7

      Oh come on! It’s all in good fun. You can’t be this sensitive in this field either. You have to have a tougher skin than that!

    • Thumb up Thumb down 0

      Take it as a compliment — to have a man actually listen to his wife and takes her opinion seriously is nice. (btw, I am a female archi student)

  10. Thumb up Thumb down +2

    The Indicator, I have to say this is one of your best articles that I’ve read so far. Good stuff.

    Can’t emphasis how important this is.
    55] Read books with words, not just pictures.

    Keep it up.

    • Thumb up Thumb down 0

      Ain’t that typical of Archi students, it happens through + through, ALL the time!

  11. Thumb up Thumb down +1

    - Do not show how good you’re with 3D software unless you want to ONLY do that in the office. Same with model making skills.

  12. Thumb up Thumb down +1

    101. Do not wear an interview suit that is four sizes too large. Only David Byrne can pull that off.

    102. If you get turned down for a job, accept it gracefully. Do not send pouty, snide emails back to those who interviewed you stating that you’re too good for them anyway.

  13. Thumb up Thumb down +1

    I laughed at #76.
    Anyway, I am still a student of architecture & I love dogs. :D

    Great list though. Nice ideas to motivate me through the way. And some other things I should pay attention to. :) Thank!

  14. Thumb up Thumb down 0

    No. 50, 49, Keep it for yourself, I did learn not to read theories 101 like you’re doing

  15. Thumb up Thumb down 0

    Although I am an engineer, not an architect, I really enjoyed your list. I would say that if you changed the word architect(s) to engineer(s) in your list, probably 80% of it would directly apply.

    • Thumb up Thumb down 0

      Don’t take yourself too seriously. This is a compliment to women, regardless of whether they are architects or not.

  16. Thumb up Thumb down 0

    Cool! Never been near your field but much of what you’ve said applies to EVERYTHING… thank you!

  17. Thumb up Thumb down -5

    Hidden due to low comment rating. Click here to see.

  18. Thumb up Thumb down 0

    just brilliant!!!! tomorrow 1st thing in d morning- will take a print out of this n pin it in d office i m workin in!!!

  19. Thumb up Thumb down 0

    I take exception to one point in particular:
    46] In proportion to their pay, architects require the most education, most training, and the most exams to become licensed professionals.

    Please reference the length of education, exams and average salary of veterinarians.

    9] It’s architecture, not medicine. You can take a break and no one will die.

    Speaking as a veterinary student dating an architect, of course.

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