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  7. AD Classics: TWA Terminal / Eero Saarinen

AD Classics: TWA Terminal / Eero Saarinen

AD Classics: TWA Terminal / Eero Saarinen
AD Classics: TWA Terminal / Eero Saarinen, © nyc-architecture.com
© nyc-architecture.com

© nyc-architecture.com © Hagen Stier AD Classics: TWA Terminal / Eero Saarinen © nyc-architecture.com +17

From the architect. If you have ever flown in or out of the John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York, you may have experienced or noticed Eero Saarinen's Trans World Flight Center. 

© nyc-architecture.com
© nyc-architecture.com

Even in the hustle and bustle of a busy airport, the building deserves more than just a passing glance. When Saarinen was commissioned in 1956, the client wanted this building to capture the "spirit of flight," and as visitors rush to make it to their flight there is no choice but to admire the swooping concrete curves that embraced flyers into the jet age.

Plan
Plan

In order to capture the concept of flight, Saarinen used curves to create spaces that flowed into one another. The exterior's concrete roof imitates a bird in flight with two massive "wings." The interior consists of a continuous ribbon of elements, all whisking themselves in from the exterior, so that ceilings continously run into walls and those walls become floors.

Section
Section

"All the curves, all the spaces and elements right down to the shape of the signs, display boards, railings and check-in desks were to be of a matching nature. We wanted passengers passing through the building to experience a fully-designed environment, in which each part arises from another and everything belongs to the same formal world," stated Eero Saarinen during construction in 1959.

© Hagen Stier
© Hagen Stier

The structure consists of a shell of reinforced concrete with four segments that extend outward from a central point. The concrete "wings" then unfold on either side of the exterior, preparing for flight. Within the concrete, the structure is reinforced with a web of steel. 

The large panels of glass beneath the concrete are also supported with steel, and have a contemporary purple-tint. These glass walls are tilted towards the exterior at an angle as they reach the ceiling, as if intended for viewers to imagine looking out from a plane to the earth below. These windows also highlight the purpose of the structure, providing views of departing and arriving jets.

Saarinen died of a brain tumor in 1961, a year before the romantic structure was completed. Seven years after its completion, a new departure-arrival concourse and lounge were added to the terminal. This, however, did not help the financial deterioration the terminal slowly began to experience. When first designed, JFK International Airport envisioned having different terminals for different airline companies. The idea was more successful on paper than when brought to life, and the terminal was shut down in 2001.

© nyc-architecture.com
© nyc-architecture.com

The TWA Terminal became an official landmark in 1994, voted on by the Landmarks Preservation Commission. In 2005 the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey began construction of a new terminal facility for JetBlue Airways which was completed in 2008 and now partially encircles Saarinen's terminal. 

The original structure has not yet undergone the necessary renovations due to aging of the structure and is still closed to the public. Other proposals include an addition of an aviation museum or a restaurant. Even so, the TWA Terminal represents a moment of optimism and ambition in the American economy and in architectural history, as well as an inventive interaction between engineering and architecture.

This building is part of our Architecture City Guide: New York. Check all the other buildings on this guide right here.

Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Cite: Adelyn Perez. "AD Classics: TWA Terminal / Eero Saarinen" 02 Jul 2010. ArchDaily. Accessed . <http://www.archdaily.com/66828/ad-classics-twa-terminal-eero-saarinen/>
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26 Comments

airport Vrsar · September 04, 2012

Terminal 5 or T5 on JFK,NYC is most beautiful airport building in world.
Airport Vrsar&Aeropark Vrsar will soon... http://t.co/TEEazMlg

James H. Klippel · August 04, 2012

TWA Terminal / Eero Saarinen | ArchDaily http://t.co/HrHn39hr via @archdaily

Nazarenko Andrii · April 22, 2012
hai peng · March 02, 2012

AD Classics: TWA Terminal / Eero Saarinen | ArchDaily http://t.co/q7wi7m2k via @archdaily

osman ghaffar · March 02, 2012

AD Classics: TWA Terminal / Eero Saarinen | ArchDaily http://t.co/z3N9YIV4 vía @archdaily

john tannehill · March 02, 2012

AD Classics: TWA Terminal / Eero Saarinen | ArchDaily http://t.co/VVKPEgfn via @archdaily

Dinorah M Melendez · March 02, 2012

Classic pictures of the iconic TWA Terminal designed by Eero Saarinen. http://t.co/qVC3WyHf

Sofitel New York · February 23, 2012

This week&#39s architecture highlight for visitors now empty but amazing TWA Terminal http://t.co/xPyiVb3F via @archdaily #architecture

??? · December 31, 2010

AD Classics: TWA Terminal / Eero Saarinen | ArchDaily http://t.co/JBRkZaA via @archdaily

Mark Gardner · August 06, 2010

The embodiment of the jet age- a tribute to flight & the future. AD Classics: TWA Terminal / Eero Saarinen | ArchDaily http://bit.ly/91iIpU

Arno M · July 08, 2010

TWA Terminal / Eero Saarinen http://bit.ly/cGg2BM A genius gone too early.

anders1156 · July 07, 2010

Amazing use of structural insitu concrete from 1956 - AD Classics: TWA Terminal / Eero Saarinen | ArchDaily http://bit.ly/91iIpU

khaled Noubani · July 05, 2010

Reading: "AD Classics: TWA Terminal / Eero Saarinen | ArchDaily"( http://twitthis.com/gy9bbh )

+++ · July 04, 2010

thank you Saarinen!

Edgard Georges · July 04, 2010

Um belo clássico da arquitetura, TWA Terminal / Eero Saarinen: http://tinyurl.com/2vbfp44 via @archdaily

M.U.D.O. · July 03, 2010

?????????Gateway Arch?????????? RT @koso: RT @gn_abe: ????????????????????????????????????????????????????http://bit.ly/cUzxVv

koso · July 03, 2010

RT @gn_abe: ????????????????????????????????????????????????????
http://www.archdaily.com/66828...

abe · July 03, 2010

????????????????????????????????????????????????????
http://www.archdaily.com/66828...

neozon · July 03, 2010

Trans World Flight Center: http://bit.ly/cUzxVv zeitlose Architektur aus den 50ern. Eero Saarinen - Hut ab!

Greg · July 03, 2010

MAESTRO_MASTER...

Banc · July 03, 2010

Wowza... so sexy and incredibly superior to any other airport I've been in...

JosephSandy · July 03, 2010

Please keep posting these classics, such a great series of posts!

Deena Parham · July 03, 2010

It was the greatest place to fly out of- no question rt @ChezarGN
#Architecture Classics: JFK - TWA Terminal http://bit.ly/9N2hP3 #NewYork

Architecture News · July 03, 2010

RT @ChezarGN: #Architecture Classics: John F. Kennedy International Airport - TWA Terminal http://bit.ly/9N2hP3 #NewYork

Chezar.G.Natakusumah · July 02, 2010

#Architecture Classics: John F. Kennedy International Airport - TWA Terminal http://bit.ly/9N2hP3 #NewYork

Architecture+Molding · July 02, 2010

AD Classics: TWA Terminal / Eero Saarinen: © nyc-architecture.com
If you have ever flown in or out of the John F. ... http://bit.ly/9hX2Ht

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