Shenzhen International Energy Mansion / BIG

Exterior render
Exterior render

The skylines of the world´s most important cities (except for Dubai I guess) are shaped by the typical office tower. The reason is simple: it provides a flexible floor plan, with an economical structural system. “Bang for the buck” if you want to call it. To address lighting and cooling issues that these tower traditionally have, electric lighting and air conditioning were the solution.

But in times when energy is a issue, we can no longer design buildings that depend on high consumption to provide a comfortable working environment, specially in tropical weathers. And this is what BIG had as a design principle for the International Energy Mansion competition they just won, proposing a tower based on an efficient and well-proven floor plan, enclosed in a skin specifically modified and optimized for the local climate.

Exterior render
Exterior render

We propose to enhance the sustainable performance of the building drastically by only focusing on its envelope, the façade.

We propose to make the Shenzhen Energy Mansion the first specimen of a new species of office buildings that exploit the buildings interface with the external elements – sun, daylight, air humidity, wind – as a source to create a maximum comfort and quality inside.

The Shenzhen Energy Mansion will appear as a subtle mutation of the classic skyscraper – a natural evolution rather than a desperate revolution.

More details on how this facade works, along with more information after the break:

Model Model Model Model

Facade diagram 1
Facade diagram 1

1.The traditional curtain wall glass façade has a low insulation level and leaves the offices overheated by the direct sunlight. This results in excessive energy consumption for air conditioning as well as the need for heavy glass coating that makes the view seem permanently dull and grey.

Facade diagram 3
Facade diagram 3

2.By folding the façade in an origami like structure we achieve a structure with closed and open parts. The closed parts are providing a high-insulation façade, while blocking the direct sunlight. On the outside the closed parts are fitted with solar thermal heat panels that are powering the air conditioning and providing dehumidification for the working spaces.

Facade diagram 2
Facade diagram 2

3.The folded wall provides a free view through clear glass in one direction, and creates condition of plenty of diffused daylight by reflecting the direct sun between the interior panels.

Facade diagram 4
Facade diagram 4

4.Even when the sun comes directly from east or west, the main part of the solar rays are reflected off the glass due to the flat angle on the window. The reflected rays increase the efficiency of the solar thermal energy panels. The combination of minimal passive solar heating as well as active solar panels will reduce the building energy consumption with more than 60%.

Siteplan
Siteplan
Level 1 floor plan
Level 1 floor plan
Level 4 floor plan
Level 4 floor plan
Level 20 floor plan
Level 20 floor plan
Section A
Section A
Section B
Section B
Section C
Section C
Section D
Section D

Architect: BIG
Partner in charge: Bjarke Ingels
Project Leader: Andreas Klok Pedersen
Team: Cat Huang, Alex Cozma, Fan Zhang, Kuba Snopek, Flavien Menu, Stanley Lung
Collaborators: ARUP, Transsolar
Invited Competition, 1st prize.
Size: 96,000sqm
Client: Shenzhen Energy Company

Cite: Basulto, David. "Shenzhen International Energy Mansion / BIG" 08 Sep 2009. ArchDaily. Accessed 24 Oct 2014. <http://www.archdaily.com/?p=34496>
  • xing

    one comment,

    that diagram shows the solar panel will decrease its energy efficiecy to 30% due to that kind of angle. And the angle of that skyglass is not apporpiate also since it would be hard to open and hard for mainteinance. one of the alternative way to do this is re-thinking the relationship of these two devices.

    • ygogolak

      I haven’t seen too many skyscrapers with operable windows.

  • Dustin

    nice design but the curtain wall solution is nothing new

    • sullka

      so?

  • dan

    green as in impact on environment
    ” ” the users
    ” ” energy consumption
    ” ” add more please

    so the question is. does big think the only bad energy is the one you have to pay to consume?

    i never know if developer projects like this are step forwards or backwards… it’s always good in a sort of ” at least i passed” sort of way. and people scope of the energy crisis seems only as bad as the bottom line

    big buildings in cities like berlin and san Francisco have shown that passive tech can be used to cool a building… why are we not adding anything more to the conversation yet?

  • james

    ok Mods, I’ll try again…

    how do you say (part of the female anatomy) in chinese?

  • leon

    I would say it’s a total rude insult to Chinese…

  • ALEX

    I am doubtful of this work which was not designed by BIG!
    A rude result!

  • jp

    This was BIG?! I can’t believe that. It’s nothing like what they’ve done in the past, which is usually great. Disappointment.

  • Pingback: BIG – Shenzhen International Energy Mansion

  • http://portableairconditionerreviews.net/ BIG – Shenzhen International Energy Mansion

    [...] seen on ArchDaily Related Posts:Jorge Sousa Santos – Y HouseEzzo Paco – De Pombeiro Rural HotelBIG – National Library [...]
    Should mention great post! Can’t wait to reading the next post!

  • dp

    this is a system that has been used by alberto kalach in mexico.

  • http://www.garalysoka.com oscar falcón lara

    I like the presentation drawings, they’re great. The building, well, I have to see it built before I can make up my mind.

  • Pingback: Interview with Bjarke Ingels | Archi-Ninja

  • Pingback: Enerji dostu bina: Shenzhen International Energy Mansion! | burakarub