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  6. The Mashrabiya House / Senan Abdelqader

The Mashrabiya House / Senan Abdelqader

  • 01:00 - 14 October, 2011
The Mashrabiya House / Senan Abdelqader
The Mashrabiya House / Senan Abdelqader, © Amit Giron
© Amit Giron

© Amit Giron © Amit Giron © Amit Giron © Amit Giron +23

From the architect. The "Mashrabiya House" is located in the Arab Palestinian village Beit Safafa between Jerusalem and Bethlehem. The house was designed as a contemporary re-interpretation of traditional elements of Arab venacular architecture, providing at the same time new and imaginative solutions for the transforming social and cultural landscape of the village on the brink of urbanization.

Site Plan
Site Plan

Terraced Landscape

The principle of terraces and retaining walls, one of the most typical feature of the traditional Arab landscape, was adopted for steeply sloping building plot, forming an earthbound, partially inhabited ‘landscape ground’. The basement itself is carved into the hillside forming a massive stone-clad platform like a deck with sunken courtyards as light wells. This deck accommodates a workshop, studio and gallery and therefore separates working and public functions of the house from the living areas above. At the rear side of the plot this platform folds up to become an enormous, inhabited stone clad retaining wall, which accommodates several apartments.

Elevation
Elevation

The Mashrabiya

The landscaped ground forms a stage on which the building itself stands. The heaviness of the ground is contrasted by the lightness of the vertical structure. The floating effect is achieved through the creative interpretation of an Arab “Mashrabiya”, a latticed window screen that traditionally formed a threshold between private and public spaces. Here, the wooden screen is re-imagined in the form of a large-scale stone envelop that surrounds the building, combining the “Mashrabiya” motif with stone. Its typical semi-transparent effect is achieved by positioning the stones slightly apart, with irregular spacings, creating an effect of lightness and porousness. The resulting stone envelop is structurally separated by a narrow gap from the actual apartment building behind. The playful arrangement of small and large openings provide views from the interiors out into the landscape while carefully retaining their privacy.

© Amit Giron
© Amit Giron

Hosh and Bustan

The concept of open spaces within and around the house is equally informed by a sensitivity to traditional Arab elements while insisting on contemporary formal and material solutions. The raised courtyard between the rear retaining wall and the “The Mashrabiya” is reminiscent of a traditional hosh while the “Mashrabiya” at the top of the building becomes a ‘garden wall’ for a roof top garden following the ‘Bustan’ motif: a closed garden as a sheltered place of tranquility and privacy.

ground floor plan
ground floor plan

An Arabic interpretation of sustainability

Beyond the formal references to Arab vernacular traditions the building developed and tested concepts that could help to inform an agenda of sustainability while maintaining historical cultural continuity: In this way the “Mashrabiya” is not only a traditional threshold between public and private space but also provides an element of climatic control. The stone mass of the outer envelope acts as a climatic buffer: It helps to absorb heat during the day and release heat during the cool Jerusalem nights. Thus it protects the building against solar radiation as well as winter rain and winds. The gaps between the stones ensure a constant flow of fresh air. A further element of passive cooling is the 1m gap between outer and inner envelop. Not only does it ensure constant circulation of fresh air around the building the fact that it remains open towards the top of the building generates a suction effect like that of a chimney: Hot air travels upwards and fresh air is sucked into the gap from below.

Ventilation Diagram
Ventilation Diagram

Beit Safafa, like most villages in the Jerusalem area, is facing social and cultural challenges, typical for the transformation from a tightly knit village community towards a suburban centre. In this context the building provides an original solution by combining traditional building form with modern urban apartment living. The building is sensitive to the traditional fabric of the village yet open to new residents, as it combines living and working. It is also the home of the new Gallery for Palestinian Cultural Representation.

© Amit Giron
© Amit Giron
Cite: "The Mashrabiya House / Senan Abdelqader" 14 Oct 2011. ArchDaily. Accessed . <http://www.archdaily.com/175582/the-mashrabiya-house-senan-abdelqader/>
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38 Comments

Stylish Intrior Dsgn · May 07, 2012

The Mashrabiya House http://t.co/QCpYyGUp ???? ????? #????? #????? #?????_???????

Sami Alhaddad · May 07, 2012

The Mashrabiya House http://t.co/QCpYyGUp ???? ????? #????? #????? #?????_???????

khaoid · December 19, 2011

RT @bintbattuta: "The Mashrabiya House" http://t.co/aARrSlL6 #architecture #palestine

khaoid · December 19, 2011

"The Mashrabiya House" http://t.co/sV2036Vs #architecture #palestine

????? ?????? · December 19, 2011

"The Mashrabiya House" http://t.co/sV2036Vs #architecture #palestine

bint battuta · December 19, 2011

"The Mashrabiya House" http://t.co/sV2036Vs #architecture #palestine

Carboun ????? · October 30, 2011

The Mashrabiya House near #Jerusalem. A clever solution for shading and natural ventilation. #Green #Design http://t.co/Bo0kj6ue

arquiRED Mexico · October 27, 2011

An Arabic interpretation of #sustainability, stunning piece of #Architecture & #design from Palestine http://t.co/UNhTdZKJ

Studio EM · October 27, 2011

An Arabic interpretation of #sustainability, stunning piece of #Architecture & #design from Palestine http://t.co/UNhTdZKJ

Shadi Elkarra · October 25, 2011

The Mashrabiya House designed by Senan Abdelqader is a contemporary reinterpretation of traditional Arab architecture http://t.co/QefyN3bd

Designalexable · October 22, 2011

The Mashrabiya House / Senan Abdelqader | ArchDaily http://t.co/UXAkRU1z via @archdaily

Arab Architect · October 21, 2011

The Mashrabiya House
#Architecture #Design http://t.co/cedeEzXG

amira ja · October 21, 2011

Arquitectura en Palestina!! Chequense nada más! The Mashrabiya House / Senan Abdelqader http://t.co/Nl2Ngqt5 #Architecture #Concrete #Design

mel starrs · October 21, 2011

Research today on contemporary Arab vernacular architecture- beautiful passive designs! One of my faves: http://t.co/vxUrcKdZ

Kirsten Burrows · October 21, 2011

Research today on contemporary Arab vernacular architecture- beautiful passive designs! One of my faves: http://t.co/vxUrcKdZ

Amelia Cazorla · October 18, 2011

Esta #casa es una Mashrabiya: #arquitectura blanca en la Jerusalem Palestina. #viajar http://t.co/k4kp7EID

Ali Adnan Alwayel · October 18, 2011

The Mashrabiya House / Senan Abdelqader | ArchDaily http://t.co/Dzk6bFfH via @archdaily

Project15 · October 16, 2011

The “Mashrabiya” is not only a traditional threshold between public and private space but also provides an element... http://t.co/Zec5dcPY

Centor4 · October 16, 2011

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jymesnil · October 16, 2011

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Centor4 · October 16, 2011

The Mashrabiya House / Senan Abdelqader | ArchDaily http://t.co/W9see1do

Centor4 · October 16, 2011

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Nicholas Patten · October 16, 2011

The Mashrabiya House. http://t.co/yIdSNJad

Next_Year_in_Jeruslaem · October 15, 2011

There was no “Arabian civilisation” before the dark ages. Prophet Muhammed appeared 150 years AFTER the dark age in Europe had started. But that was long ago anyway. Today, the “Arabian civilisation” illuminates many countries with explosions from suicide bombers in cafes, with heavy artillery fire destroying ancient Buddhist statues, with screams of Christians being slaughtered in Egypt. For every Zionist, there are at least 100 illuminated Muslims. Yet last week, out of seven Nobel laureates in physics, chemistry, medicine, and literature five were Jews. You should be ashamed of yourself, Architect.

Architect · October 15, 2011

this inspire is coming from an old Arabian civilisation , illuminating many countries before and after the dark ages .
Jewish were always living in everywhere in the world , Architecture is against extreminists which are everywhere trying to mix the truth .
of course Chicago and Berlin dont have Arabic origin and they have to thank GOD cause till now no one yet said they have zionist one , they were living there .

Hon · October 15, 2011

The Mashrabiya House by Senan Abdelqader @ArchDaily http://t.co/P8BYyvgS

Elle Are · October 15, 2011

The Mashrabiye House in Jerusalem! Amazing modern adoption of the Mashrabiye concept http://t.co/ldBiYbMM

Maryam Eskandari · October 15, 2011

What do you guys think of the #Mashrabiya House located in #Arab #Palestinian village between #Jerusalem + #Bethlehem. http://t.co/xvuFLY4I

amine ahmed · October 15, 2011

i don't know why jewish are so haters like that... you let the architecture debate and you still talking like LIBERMAN...we say jerusalem "elquods" is ours & you say that is yours...the war still between us & finally the winner can say it's mine

christiansleiman · October 15, 2011

The Mashrabiya House / Senan Abdelqader http://t.co/PG94Tbse #architecture

Marcos Aquino · October 14, 2011

The Mashrabiya House / Senan Abdelqader | ArchDaily http://t.co/tGdmvF3C vía @archdaily

Next_Year_in_Jeruslaem · October 14, 2011

I am sure there is an Arabic name for Chicago and Berlin as well. But Jerusalem was built by the Jews, was only their capital in the last 3-4 thousand years, is their capital today, and will always be one. The Arabs invaded many lands, including Palestine - so what? Remember, my brother, that Muhammad himself established the direction of prayers to Mecca and not to Jeruslaem, and that was long before any significant architecture in Mecca existed.

ttt · October 14, 2011 10:59 PM

Any peace agreement will require sharing Jerusalem.

Israel can try to needlessly prolong the violence but that's an unavoidable reality now.

Soon America won't subsidize Israel's ability to go on prolonging the violence and Israel will have to fight its own battles if it wants to be at war with its neighbors rather than share Palestine with the Palestinians. Israel won't ever fight its own battle without the US.

ArchitectureDemarest · October 14, 2011

The Mashrabiya House / Senan Abdelqader http://t.co/PG94Tbse #architecture

Next_Year_in_Jeruslaem · October 14, 2011

It is a very interesting, distinct design, something to learn from. But why was it necessary to introduce a distinctly anti-Jewish political point? Beit Safafa is not Jerusalem, although is very close to the city borders. And Jerusalem is not Palestine. Perhaps, “Beit Safafa, (future) Palestine” is a more accurate alternative.

dr · October 14, 2011 09:04 PM

Want it or not, Jerusalem - Al Qods in arabic - is and will remain the capital of Palestine. Thanks

???? · October 14, 2011

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G.M. Casqueiro · October 14, 2011

The Mashrabiya House / Senan Abdelqader /by @mmjett http://t.co/w9lboi3V

iainp@[3RRR] · October 14, 2011

interesting facade - The Mashrabiya House / Senan Abdelqader http://t.co/ylNPnhkA via @archdaily

Architype Review · October 14, 2011

The Mashrabiya House / Senan Abdelqader: Architects: Senan Abdelqader Location: Jerusalem, Israel Project Area: ... http://t.co/JsirSQ1F

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