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  7. AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich
AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich +14

From the architect. The city of Moscow experienced a huge size and population boom following the industrial development and railway construction of the late 19th century. At this time, horse-drawn cars and trams were the main form of transportation, but soon the horses were not enough to fuel the city’s rapid expansion. As a result, plans were made for development of a new peripheral ring railway that would carry freight throughout the city. 

Many years later, underground lines for passengers were linked to the original railway. These lines quickly turned the railway into a booming metropolitan transit center, eventually becoming what is today known as the Moscow Metro. More on the development of the Moscow Metro after the break.

In the creation of the underground railway, which was to correspond with Moscow’s circular layout and run parallel to preexisting routes on the ground level, construction workers had to overcome many difficult barriers. 

The soil that they would be creating tunnels through was a mixture of sands saturated with water, dry sands, clays with water-bearing cracks, massive limestone deposits and quicksand. There were also four rivers crossing through the points where the future tunnels were to be built. To top it all off, most of the work was to be done by hand. Although many obstacles stood in the way, the city was willing to seek solutions to overcome them, for if the railway were successful, it would ease the heavy traffic flow at the surface of the city.

The large majority of construction for the Moscow Metro was completed in five stages. The first was completed in 1935, ran 11 kilometers and included 13 stations. The second stage of construction is notable for its popular art deco style combined with socialist messages in the stations’ artwork. As construction continued into the third stage, building work was delayed due to World War II, and war motifs replaced the socialist ones in the stations’ architectural designs. During this time, metro stations were also used as air-raid shelters and venues for Stalin’s public announcements. 

After the war, the fourth stage of construction began. The elaborate design work of the Moscow Metro is considered to have reached its peak during this stage.

Even more stations opened during the Cold War, marking the fifth and final major stage of the Moscow Metro’s construction (construction in this phase ended in 1959).

The stations built in the fifth stage run deepest into the earth, as they were planned to double as shelters in the event of a nuclear war. However, because Khrushchev, Stalin’s successor, favored a more utilitarian design approach, the stations that were built during his time lacked the extravagance of previous ones. Many were made to look very similar to one another. They were also built with cheaper technologies that were often ill-suited to the railway environment.

The design of each of the Metro’s stations was adapted to the geographical constraints of the site and the historical context during which it was built. Not only did each station of the Moscow Metro have a unique design, but the stations were also the first in the world to be completely faced with granite and marble. The reflective, polished stone walls, high ceilings and elaborate chandeliers are meant to serve as a reminder of what Stalin created for his people in return for their sacrifices. They were designed to reflect his inclination toward outward expressions of nationalism, power and wealth.

Today, the Moscow Metro has over 300 kilometers of railways, 12 different lines and 182 stations. With an average of 6.6 million passengers each day, it is the second most heavily used rapid transit system in the world. Much more than just Russia’s first underground railway system, the Moscow Metro is an important architectural monument with strong ties to the country's rich history and culture.

Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Cite: Allison Hyatt. "AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich" 19 Aug 2011. ArchDaily. Accessed . <http://www.archdaily.com/157480/ad-classics-moscow-metro-robert-pogrebnoi-and-yuriy-zenkivich/>
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46 Comments

rue4e · September 15, 2011

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich | ArchDaily http://t.co/tKAAuYp0 via @archdaily

K.D. · September 05, 2011

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich http://t.co/rKlcLhA #GReader #ifttt

Claire Lanyon · August 23, 2011

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich http://t.co/MKj7RWE via @zite #beenthere!

DIALLO · August 23, 2011

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich http://t.co/Q5AlxZy via @archdaily

Tad Parker · August 23, 2011

Incredible pics of the #Moscow metro. File>Open>Bucket list>Add>Trip to Moscow. http://t.co/2yIMXKS

Alejandra Bescos · August 23, 2011

Como me gustaría un Subte así!: Moscow Metro http://t.co/pTGXDrd

Abby · August 22, 2011

CityRail stations, step up your game - here&#39s a tour of the ridiculously beautiful Moscow metro: http://t.co/8xc6p2X Via @archdaily

???? · August 22, 2011

???????????????????? http://t.co/8rZFweV... http://t.co/G2xroZh

giovanni sidari · August 22, 2011

@archdaily If only NYC&#39s subway was this nice: http://t.co/oohBQad

Paul Aguirre · August 21, 2011

In this edition of my obsession with subway systems RT @modernmod: Some history and beautiful photos of the Moscow Metro http://t.co/eI20Ch4

William Grady · August 21, 2011

Some history and beautiful photos of the Moscow Metro http://t.co/0PdMnd8

Duarte Da Silva · August 21, 2011

Some history and beautiful photos of the Moscow Metro http://t.co/0PdMnd8

Lee Tran Lam · August 21, 2011

CityRail stations, step up your game - here&#39s a tour of the ridiculously beautiful Moscow metro: http://t.co/8xc6p2X Via @archdaily

GAby Menta · August 21, 2011

RT @nicholaspatten: AD Classics: Moscow Metro. http://t.co/NPkDZF7 < copadoo

Nicholas Patten · August 21, 2011

AD Classics: Moscow Metro. http://t.co/QGDxn6D

christianharrup.com · August 21, 2011

the amazing Moscow metro stations.http://t.co/MOYxyWg

Toby Bartlett · August 21, 2011

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich http://t.co/7yML6e2 via @zite

Stx · August 21, 2011

You live in the darkest age! This is beautiful!

julian gomez · August 21, 2011

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich | ArchDaily http://t.co/IFwDEwk vía @archdaily

Santi Maggio Savasta · August 21, 2011

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich | http://t.co/FRJLWUv #Architecture #Architettura

Palacio Luna · August 21, 2011

Moscow Metro | @archdaily http://t.co/b1mdV2L #architecture #photos #travel

MON&VELARDE · August 21, 2011

Estaciones del Metro de Moscu. Increibles! http://t.co/e6Uimif

Miguel Angel Perez · August 21, 2011

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich | ArchDaily - http://t.co/wvDbCjG // una maravilla!

Dillon Scheenaard · August 21, 2011

Holy beautiful subways! AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich http://t.co/TtRe7lY

Roger Qian · August 20, 2011

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich | ArchDaily http://t.co/jEbMMQC via @archdaily. Crazy warped walls!

Reuven Halevi · August 20, 2011

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich http://t.co/NqPpc8H

rue4e · August 20, 2011

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich: Photo by Sergey Rodovnichenko - http://www.fli... http://t.co/RlJvivD

Nur Genc · August 20, 2011

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich http://t.co/PIibncL #architecture

Travel Writer · August 20, 2011

RT| AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich: Photo by Sergey Rodovnichenko -... http://t.co/NTNmjeE @archdaily

WSBY · August 20, 2011

Huge temples of authoritarism and dark age

Anton A. Repin · August 20, 2011

???? ?? ArchDaily http://vk.cc/oCh8z

Hafidzudin Zainal · August 20, 2011

Remarkably majestic Moscow Metro via @archdaily http://t.co/0S1x98I @DahliaNadirah did u witness it while in Moscow? I miss the stations!

Bob Mcintire · August 20, 2011

Moscow Metro | @archdaily http://t.co/b1mdV2L #architecture #photos #travel

pagan · August 20, 2011

Moscow Metro | @archdaily http://t.co/b1mdV2L #architecture #photos #travel

Matt Taylor · August 20, 2011

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich http://t.co/TD5S74M via @zite

Sophie Fergeson · August 20, 2011

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich: The city of Moscow experienced a huge size and... http://t.co/m4MtX8x

BLAH CITY · August 20, 2011

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich | ArchDaily http://t.co/Q5sG6Va

Architecture+Molding · August 20, 2011

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich: The city of Moscow experienced a huge size and... http://t.co/bbztGYo

Erik Joya · August 20, 2011

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich: Photo by Sergey… http://t.co/tLS4m3v

Adhie Indreswara · August 20, 2011

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich via ArchDaily - Photo by Sergey ... http://t.co/EKlLcTf

GR2TF · August 20, 2011

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich: Photo by Sergey Rodovnichenko - http://www.fli... http://t.co/MYJBmAQ

Barry Maguire · August 20, 2011

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich via ArchDaily - Photo by Sergey ... http://t.co/Uet7GLR

@ArchiStream · August 20, 2011

via @archdaily AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich http://t.co/g4Lopjy #Architecture

Mr.Con · August 20, 2011

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich: The city of Moscow experienced a huge size and... http://t.co/IeodTAW

Archiburner · August 20, 2011

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich: The city of Moscow experienced a... http://t.co/RU4aCBQ #architecture

Renato Papa · August 20, 2011

AD Classics: Moscow Metro / Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich: The city of Moscow experienced a huge size and... http://t.co/YUGQ8en

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