ArchDaily | Broadcasting Architecture Worldwidethe world's most visited architecture website
i

Sign up now and start saving and organizing your favorite architecture projects and photos

i

Find the most inspiring products for your projects in our Product Catalog.

i

Get the ArchDaily Chrome Extension and be inspired with every new tab. Install here »

All
Projects
Products
Events
Competitions
  1. ArchDaily
  2. Projects
  3. Skyscrapers
  4. United States
  5. Daniel Burnham
  6. 1902
  7. AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham

AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham

AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham
AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham, © wikimedia commons
© wikimedia commons

© wikimedia commons © wikimedia commons © Flickr User: stijn © wikimedia commons +11

From the architect. As one of the most widely recognized buildings in New York City, as well as the world, the Flatiron Building was/is an innovative architectural statement at the turn of the 20th Century.  

© wikimedia commons
© wikimedia commons

Completed in 1902 by Daniel Burnham, the Flatiron Building was a prime architectural design at the advent of steel skyscraper construction in the United States.  Known for its triangular design at the intersection of 5th Ave. and Broadway, the Flatiron Buildings iconic presence has transformed an entire area of Manhattan into the Flatiron District.

plan
plan

Manhattan has been and always will be synonymous with the overarching imposition of the grid system that defines the entire city, but each block as part of a larger collective system.  With histories of Dutch and English influence, the Commissioners’ Grid System imposed in 1811 has moments of discontinuity where streets such as Canal and Broadway cut across the grid to form residual spaces that are typically too small or difficult to develop.

© wikimedia commons
© wikimedia commons

However, the triangular residual space created by the intersections of 5th Ave., Broadway, and 23rd street have created one of the most recognized and famous buildings in the discipline of architecture. 

© Flickr User: stijn
© Flickr User: stijn

The land of that the Flatiron Building now stands upon went through many hands before it became what we see today.  Often underdeveloped and in a purgatorial state shifting between owners until it was purchased by Harry S. Black, CEO of the Fuller Company  a construction firm specializing in steel and skyscraper construction  for the headquarters of the Fuller Company.  Thereafter, Black commissioned Chicago architect Daniel Burnham to design the Fuller Building later changed to the Flatiron Building due to historical site references.

© wikimedia commons
© wikimedia commons

Prior to Burnham’s commission of the Flatiron Building, he had been designing steel skyscrapers in Chicago, most notably the Rookery and the Reliance Building.  With the Flatiron Building, Burnham use the sites footprint to generate the base of the building; he employed a Renaissance design aesthetic with a Beaux-Arts styling that resulted in a tripartite steel skyscraper resembling a column of antiquity: base, shaft, and capital.  Similar to older precedents in architecture, the Flatiron Building appears heavy and solid, as it has a firm base before it becomes slender as it moves towards the capital.

© wikimedia commons
© wikimedia commons

The Beaux-Arts styling and detailing give the steel scraper a touch of architectural precedent found Europe at the time. The building is clad in limestone and glazed terra cotta, which amplifies the heavy, yet rich aesthetic.

© wikimedia commons
© wikimedia commons

One of the most interesting aspects of the Flatiron Building is that its design accentuates the triangular site, which is due to its acute angel at 5th and Broadway that creates the cornered condition; the northern vertex of the building is only 6.5 feet wide.  Its narrow profile creates an interesting spatial configuration within the building where slanting walls accommodate for the narrow corner offices that open up to panoramic views of Midtown Manhattan.

© Flickr User: joseph a
© Flickr User: joseph a

During construction, New Yorker’s believed that the Flatiron’s steel frame would not stand up to the strong winds Manhattan faced.  Despite their initial conceptions, the buildings structure was design to accommodate four times the typical wind loads in order to stabilize and retain the buildings iconic triangular shape.

© wikimedia commons
© wikimedia commons

For over 100 years, the Flatiron Building has been an architectural icon and an international tourist attraction.  Even though, it is still a private office building does not detract from the wonder and amazement that it stirs up upon seeing if for the first time.

Since its construction, the Flatiron Building has been designated by New York City, as well as the United States as a historical landmark.

Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Cite: Andrew Kroll. "AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham" 03 Feb 2011. ArchDaily. Accessed . <http://www.archdaily.com/109134/ad-classics-flatiron-building-daniel-burnham/>
Read comments

45 Comments

Mehmet Çerkezo?lu · May 21, 2012

http://t.co/7zljEhLB - mimar olmadan önce bile be?endi?im bir yap?yd? sebebini bir türlü anlayam?yorum...

Umano_Estudio · February 13, 2012

AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham | ArchDaily http://t.co/OAZobI1C vía @archdaily

Bruno Bellomo · July 11, 2011

AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham http://t.co/1OiuJrN vía @archdaily

boidusbw · March 01, 2011

Reading: "AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham | ArchDaily"( http://twitthis.com/5w7v5k )

Mercy Moletsane · February 09, 2011

An elegant building if there ever was one. I heart NY. RT @sungodess This is my favorite bldg in NYC : http://bit.ly/gLkzZa

Camille Lot · February 08, 2011

AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham | ArchDaily http://t.co/zu7rgdx via @archdaily

felipe tofani · February 07, 2011

Flatiron Building // http://ftrc.me/hHKg0A

Peter Newton · February 07, 2011

RT @ilariadefilippo: #Flatiron Building by Daniel #Burnham in #NewYork • http://bit.ly/e8EU8T #architecture #skyscraper #steel #terracot ...

ilaria defilippo · February 06, 2011

#Flatiron Building by Daniel #Burnham in #NewYork • http://bit.ly/e8EU8T #architecture #skyscraper #steel #terracotta #office #1902

Pinar · February 06, 2011

en sevdiklerimdendin sen flatiron: AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham http://j.mp/f296bK (via @moleskind)

an gulya · February 05, 2011

AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham | ArchDaily http://t.co/qoQwRIX via @archdaily

Love New York · February 05, 2011

flatiron-building http://bit.ly/fZHB8B #nyc

Jennifer Hammell · February 05, 2011

Always one of my faaaavorite buildings! - AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham | ArchDaily http://t.co/kRX6M7b via @archdaily

bob · February 05, 2011

You fail to mention the early prototypes of this kind of building that were built years before, like the one in Toronto???

ASBCLLC · February 05, 2011

AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham http://j.mp/f296bK
#NYC #architecture

John · February 05, 2011

See the original high resolution images at the Library of Congress website.

http://www.loc.gov/pictures/se...

Matthew · February 05, 2011

Time after time the writing on this website disappoints. Aside from the writing being lifeless and generic there are consistently basic grammatical errors that one would expect to find in a high school or college essay, resulting in paragraphs that amount to nonsense. Until the writing on this site improves, it is nothing more than a convenient source for pretty photos. My advice to the authors of this website: run, don't walk to a remedial writing course.

Ayse Teke · February 05, 2011

AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham http://tinyurl.com/68vud79

csstone · February 05, 2011

AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham | ArchDaily http://bit.ly/eCXOOV

Sergey · February 04, 2011

Thank you! Plus see additional vintage photos at Shorpy: http://www.shorpy.com/Flatiron...

Orco Property Group · February 04, 2011

The Flatiron trully is a classic... http://fb.me/RrVkPw5j

Robin Brittain · February 04, 2011

AD (arch Daily) Classics: Flatiron Building by Architect, Daniel Burnham: http://bit.ly/dIxE4o #architecture #iconic #beaux-art

Michelle · February 04, 2011

AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham | ArchDaily: As one of the most widely recognized buildings in N... http://bit.ly/fifGVD

daqb design · February 04, 2011

RT @ArchDaily: AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham http://archdai.ly/dVnoN7 #architecture

0rm4 · February 04, 2011

@ArchDaily: AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham http://archdai.ly/dVnoN7 #architecture

Gunseli Ak?nç Gebe? · February 04, 2011

RT @ArchDaily: AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham http://archdai.ly/dVnoN7 #architecture

R Goldschmidt · February 04, 2011

I really like this iconic building, i find it the most beautiful building in the world!

wedz · February 04, 2011

AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham: Courtesy of Wikimedia CommonsAs one of the most widely re... http://tinyurl.com/4qqnark

DEZIGN · February 04, 2011

AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham: Courtesy of Wikimedia CommonsAs one of the most widely recogniz... http://bit.ly/hlEffb

Alfredo Castellanos · February 04, 2011

RT @ArchDaily: AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham http://archdai.ly/dVnoN7 #architecture

Elevator View · February 04, 2011

RT @ArchDaily: AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham http://archdai.ly/dVnoN7 #architecture

Red Wolf · February 04, 2011

Flatiron Building http://goo.gl/ImVU4 #architecture

Jose Alonso · February 04, 2011

After all this years after arch school, this remains one of my favorite buildings of all time | http://j.mp/f296bK | #arch #classic

Héctor Coss · February 04, 2011

RT @ArchDaily: AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham http://archdai.ly/dVnoN7 #architecture

Tra Mark · February 04, 2011

RT @ArchDaily: AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham http://archdai.ly/dVnoN7 #architecture

Erik Joya · February 04, 2011

AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham: Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons As one of the… http://goo.gl/fb/57rQE

??? · February 04, 2011

AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham http://j.mp/f296bK #architecture

map-lab architects · February 04, 2011

RT @ArchDaily: AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham http://archdai.ly/dVnoN7 #architecture

Architecture+Molding · February 04, 2011

AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham: As one of the most widely recognized buildings in New York City... http://bit.ly/hk9qHG

Mark Gardner · February 04, 2011

Besides the Chrysler my other fav- AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham | ArchDaily http://t.co/StrN7fa via @archdaily

Mauro Ballesteros A. · February 04, 2011

RT @ArchDaily: AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham http://archdai.ly/dVnoN7 #architecture

arch_related · February 04, 2011

AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham: Courtesy of Wikimedia CommonsAs one of the most widely recogniz... http://bit.ly/hlEffb

smirosarchitect · February 04, 2011

RT @ArchDaily: AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham http://archdai.ly/dVnoN7 #architecture

Bocetos Digitales · February 04, 2011

AD Classics: Flatiron Building / Daniel Burnham: Courtesy of Wikimedia CommonsAs one of the most widely recogniz... http://bit.ly/hk9qHG

æon · February 04, 2011

In my opinion such design is not meant to be for a building with such amount of floors.

···

Comments are closed

Read comments