Pakistani architecture is defined by multiplicity. Both following tradition and breaking from it, contemporary projects contend with multiple histories. Informed by the coexistence and juxtaposition of conditions like regulated development and informal settlements in Karachi and Islamabad, modern designs are being shaped by broader contexts. In turn, these public and private projects are exploring new spaces and forms. Located along the Arabian Sea in South Asia’s Indian subcontinent, Pakistan shares many borders: Afghanistan and Iran to the west, India to the east, and both China and the Wakhan Corridor to the north. It is the world’s sixth-most populous country, and its recent urban development is informed by a property boom tied to overpopulation and past political interventions. It's also seen in army projects, including expansive housing estates across all major cities. Today, the new architecture of Pakistan tiptoes between physical and social dimensions as it reflects the ethnically and linguistically diverse Islamic republic.
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