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  7. Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport - Terminal 2 / SOM

Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport - Terminal 2 / SOM

  • 01:00 - 17 February, 2014
Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport - Terminal 2 / SOM
Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport - Terminal 2 / SOM, © Robert Polidori
© Robert Polidori

© SOM © Robert Polidori © Robert Polidori © Robert Polidori +23

  • Architects

  • Location

    Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (BOM), सहार रोड, Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport Area, मुंबई, महाराष्ट्र 400099, India
  • Design Partner

    Roger Duffy
  • Senior Design Architect

    Scott Duncan
  • Design Architect

    Peter Lefkovits
  • Technical Architect

    Narin Gobindranauth
  • Senior Aviation Planner

    Derek Moore
  • Project Year

    2014
  • Photographs

  • Managing Partner

    Anthony Vacchione
  • Structural Director

    Charles Besjak
  • Structural Engineer

    Preetam Biswas
  • Structural Engineering

    Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP
  • Project Manager, Director

    Laura Ettelman
  • Architect and Engineer of Record

    Larsen & Toubro Limited
  • MEP Engineer

    Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP
  • Lighting Design

    Brandston Partnership Inc.
  • Acoustics

    Cerami & Associates
  • Communication, IT, Security & Special Sustems

    Mulvey & Banani
  • Signage & Wayfinding

    Pentagram & Entro Communication
  • Baggage Handling

    BNP Associates
  • Verical Transportation

    Van Deusen & Associates
  • Cultural Design Collaboration

    Abu Jani - Sandeep Khosla
  • Client

    GVK, Mumbai International Airport Pvt. Ltd.
  • More SpecsLess Specs
© Robert Polidori
© Robert Polidori

From the architect. Ten years ago, Mumbai’s Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport welcomed six million passengers per year through its gates; today it serves nearly five times that number. With the city’s emergence as India’s financial capital and the country’s rapidly expanding and economically mobile middle class, the existing airport infrastructure proved unable to support the growing volume of domestic and global traffic, resulting in frequent delays. By orchestrating the complex web of passengers and planes into a design that feels intuitive and responds to the region’s rocketing growth, the new Terminal 2 asserts the airport’s place as a preeminent gateway to India.

Level 2. Image courtesy SOM / © SOM / GVK, Mumbai International Airports Pvt. Ltd
Level 2. Image courtesy SOM / © SOM / GVK, Mumbai International Airports Pvt. Ltd

Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport Terminal 2 adds 4.4 million square feet of new space to accommodate 40 million passengers per year, operating 24 hours a day. The terminal combines international and domestic passenger services under one roof, optimizing terminal operations and reducing passenger walking distances. Inspired by the form of traditional Indian pavilions, the new four-story terminal stacks a grand “headhouse,” or central processing podium, on top of highly adaptable and modular concourses below. Rather than compartmentalizing terminal functions, all concourses radiate outwards from a central processing core and are therefore easily reconfigured to “swing” between serving domestic flights or international flights.

© SOM
© SOM

But just as the terminal celebrates a new global, high-tech identity for Mumbai, the structure is imbued with responses to the local setting, history, and culture. Gracious curbside drop-off zones designed for large parties of accompanying well-wishers accommodate traditional Indian arrival and departure ceremonies. Regional patterns and textures are subtly integrated into the terminal’s architecture at all scales. From the articulated coffered treatment on the headhouse columns and roof surfaces to the intricate jali window screens that filter dappled light into the concourses, Terminal 2 demonstrates the potential for a modern airport to view tradition anew.

Constuction of steel truss system. Image courtesy SOM / © SOM
Constuction of steel truss system. Image courtesy SOM / © SOM

The prominent location of the airport within the city of Mumbai bestows it with a strong presence within a portion of the city that is experiencing rapid growth and redevelopment. Terminal 2 is a significant part of this renaissance as an infrastructural anchor for the neighborhood, and as a landmark within the surrounding community. By integrating into the existing transportation fabric and by furthering connectivity through the simultaneous development of a new road network to service the airport, the terminal helps knit together the historic heart of Mumbai to the south with the city’s burgeoning peripheries to the east and north. Plans are also in place for the construction of an underground metro station at the terminal’s entrance, providing further connectivity to the growing city.

Level 1. Image courtesy SOM / © SOM / GVK, Mumbai International Airports Pvt. Ltd
Level 1. Image courtesy SOM / © SOM / GVK, Mumbai International Airports Pvt. Ltd

A Gateway to India

All international and domestic passengers enter the terminal headhouse on the fourth floor, accessed from a sweeping elevated road. At the entrance, the lanes split, making room for wide drop-off curbs with ample space for departure rituals. From the moment of arrival, the terminal embraces travelers. Above, the headhouse roof extends to cover the entire arrivals roadway, protecting passengers and their guests from Mumbai’s heat and unpredictable monsoon weather. A 50-foot-tall glass cable-stayed wall—the longest in the world—opens to the soaring space of the check-in hall. The transparent facade also allows accompanying well-wishers, who must remain outside of the terminal due to Indian aviation regulations, to watch as their friends and family depart.

© Robert Polidori
© Robert Polidori

Once inside, travelers enter a warm, light-filled chamber, sheltered underneath a long-span roof supported by an array of multi-story columns. The monumental spaces created beneath the thirty mushrooming columns call to mind the airy pavilions and interior courtyards of traditional regional architecture. Small disks of colorful glass recessed within the canopy’s coffers speckle the hall below with light. The constellation of colors makes reference to the peacock, the national bird of India, and the symbol of the airport.

© Robert Polidori
© Robert Polidori

The check-in hall leads to a retail hub—a common space that allows passengers to shop, eat, and watch planes take off though expansive, floor-to- ceiling windows. Centrally located at the junction of the concourses and the terminal core, these commercial plazas provide a focal point of activity in close proximity to the gates. Within these spaces and throughout the concourses, culturally referential fixtures and details, such as custom chandeliers inspired by the lotus flower and traditional mirror mosaic work created by local artists, ground the traveler to a community and culture beyond the airport. Regional artwork and artifacts are displayed on a central, multi-story Art Wall, illuminated by skylights above. The prevalence of local art and culture, coupled with the use of warm colors and elegant accents, elevates the ambience of terminal beyond the typical, often unimaginative airport experience.

Three-dimensional structural model of Headhouse Roof framing. Image courtesy SOM / © SOM
Three-dimensional structural model of Headhouse Roof framing. Image courtesy SOM / © SOM

Although the terminal is four stories, interconnecting light slots and multi-story light wells ensure that light penetrates into the lower floors of the building, acting as a constant reminder of the surrounding city and landscape. At dusk, illuminated from within, the terminal glows like a sculpted chandelier.

Constuction of steel truss system. Image courtesy SOM / © SOM
Constuction of steel truss system. Image courtesy SOM / © SOM

A Flexible Footprint

The construction site of the new terminal building was located in close proximity to the existing terminal which had to remain fully operational during construction. This site requirement inspired the elongated X-shape plan of the terminal, which could both mold around existing structures and incorporate modular designs to accommodate rapid and phased construction.

Mumbai International Airport Schematic Design North -South Section. Image courtesy SOM / © SOM
Mumbai International Airport Schematic Design North -South Section. Image courtesy SOM / © SOM

This innovative form also allows for the consolidation of important passenger processing, baggage handling, and retail/dining functions at the center of the terminal. On each floor, radiating piers permit the shortest possible walking distances from the center of the terminal to boarding areas, while also maximizing the terminal’s perimeter for aircraft gates.

Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Cite: "Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport - Terminal 2 / SOM" 17 Feb 2014. ArchDaily. Accessed . <http://www.archdaily.com/477107/chhatrapati-shivaji-international-airport-terminal-2-som/>
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3 Comments

Adnan Azhar · June 11, 2015

AMAZING DESIGN

PATIL · March 09, 2014

SHIVAJI TARAMILAN

Robyn Reed · February 17, 2014

go Peter!

···

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© Robert Polidori

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