OostCampus / Carlos Arroyo

© Miguel de Guzmán

Architects: Carlos Arroyo
Location: ,
Project Leaders: Carlos Arroyo and Vanessa Cerezo
Design Team: David Berkvens, Carmina Casajuana, Irene Castrillo, Miguel Paredes, Benjamin Verhees, Pieter Van Den Berge, Luis Salinas, Sara Miguelez, Sarah Schouppe
Project Development: Wolkenbouwer (Carlos Arroyo Arquitectos, Spain + ELD Partnership, Belgium)
Project Year: 2012
Photographs: Miguel de Guzmán

Project Area: 11,000 sqm
Client: Autonoom Gemeetebedrijf Oostkamp

OostCampus is the seat of civic, administrative and social services of an area in the heart of the countryside around Bruges (Brugse Ommeland), a beautiful landscape outlined by rows of trees and canals, and punctuated by residential castles built along the centuries by wealthy merchants from neighboring Flemish town, and enriched with discrete industrial parks with high end technology companies like Siemens, Tyco, Entropia Digital, or EADS.

Section

In 1977 four municipalities were grouped, Oostkamp, Hertsberge, Waardamme and Ruddervoorde, as a result of a national law that eliminated more than 300 municipalities across Belgium. They regrouped services, but the resulting facilities were scattered in various municipal buildings.

© Miguel de Guzmán

In 2006, the City acquired a 4 hectares plot of land with Coca-Cola facilities built in 1992, which had become obsolete. The plot, located 5 minutes walk from the centre of Oostkamp, 10 minutes by bike from the other nuclei, and near the exit of Highway E-40, offered the opportunity to regroup municipal services, optimizing synergies and building a common image.

© Miguel de Guzmán

In 2008 the Flemish Government Architecture Agency (Vlaams Bouwmeester) announced an international competition for ideas to build OostCampus, with a slogan that paraphrases Magritte: “Ceci n’est pas … een Administratief centrum”.

Plan

The winning project, by the Madrid studio lead by Carlos Arroyo, opted for a radical re-use of the large industrial existing building, including foundations, floors, supporting structures, outer skin, insulation, waterproofing, and all recoverable services and equipment: power station, heating plant, water pipes, fire hoses, sewerage, and even parking area, fencing and access.

© Miguel de Guzmán

The reuse of the existing is a basic criterion of sustainability. The “gray energy” (energy used for the production of something) is often discarded or simply ignored. If we demolish an existing structure and build again, we will use more energy and resources than the most efficient of buildings can of save in its life span.

© Miguel de Guzmán

To transform the vast industrial hall – with minimal footprint but maximum spatial result – Arroyo designs a sheltered interior public space, wrapped in a “luminous landscape of white clouds”. Thin shells of GRG (gypsum and fibre) span the large space like huge soap bubbles. They are only 7 mm thick.

© Miguel de Guzmán

Within this landscape, a set of modular clusters provides the administrative services and spaces, designed to facilitate the relationship between citizens and administration. Citizen participation in the process is one of the key issues. Also transparency: the chamber hall is in full sight in the middle of public space, the information is accessible, you can even you visualize the municipal website … and physically enter it and talk to the person who is behind!

Detail

The materials are simple and inexpensive, but are selected and used in such a way that we want to go and touch them. Some elements are finished with a felt made from recycled bottles (PET); simple boards are CNC carved to become sophisticated 3D damascene; the floor is the existing industrial warehouse poli-concrete, with its lines of storage, on which the new signage is superimposed. The acoustics are carefully worked out, and so is the smell!

© Miguel de Guzmán

Thermal comfort is achieved with minimum effort, thanks to the technique of the “thermal onion” which optimizes climate areas according to levels of access, and making use of the thermal inertia of the concrete slab.

© Miguel de Guzmán

The price per square meter building is one-third of the usual for comparable buildings.

Section

OostCampus opened on June 15, 2012. Implementation of sustainability criteria with spectacular results has led to criticism to define the work of Carlos Arroyo as “lush sustainability.”

View this project in Google Maps

* Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address.
Cite: "OostCampus / Carlos Arroyo" 19 Jul 2012. ArchDaily. Accessed 26 Nov 2014. <http://www.archdaily.com/?p=255204>
  • Alberto Sunderland

    Would love to see photos of the ceiling begin built . . . . . how did the builder set out the ‘bubbles’ and how did they bend the material, etc to achieve the finished product . . . . . .

    • Tom Peeters

      its is simply gipsiumboard (Gyproc)

  • h.a.

    nice one! the ceiling is fantastic and crazy! looking forward to see the other project in Belgium published!

  • Sheng He

    interesting, when you look outside, it is just a box, but inside is totally different

  • Poulin Giroux Alexandre

    finally! An architect who creates forms other than those of the single thought (square, rectangle) !!

  • Scott Bodenheimer

    The one thing that really makes this project stand out is the Curvy bubble forms, and everybody would like to know how they did it, and that’s the one thing that is missing from this article. Is it a trade secret or something? Or just faulty journalistic technique?

  • Pingback: Stretching The Boundaries Of What A City Hall Can Be | Co.Design: business + innovation + design

  • Pingback: Stretching The Boundaries Of What A City Hall Can Be « NYC Real Estate News

  • Carlos

    It is GRG shells. Gypsum with glass-fibre reinforcement. They are only 7 mm thick. The GRG is cast on bubble-shaped moulds on site. Just like plaster and bandage around a broken arm; instead of cotton bandage, it is glass fibre mesh. Then they are assembled together with more GRG.