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John Gollings

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50 Construction Terms & Concepts All Architects Should Know

As with any industry, most skills are acquired through years of hands-on working and problem solving, and not just what's taught at school. For fresh architecture graduates, engaging with general contractors, engineers, and builders during their first site visits might feel overwhelming, especially since they are exploring the practical side of the practice. 

Among the many things acquired on site are the terminologies used by construction workers that may not have been necessarily taught at school. And while an architecture dictionary might seem like the most suitable solution, carrying around a book with over 25,000 terms such as Cyril M Harris' Dictionary of Architecture and Construction wouldn't be the most convenient on a construction site. This is why we have put together list of 50 construction terms and concepts that every architect will come across at least once during their practice.

Cross Bracing. Image <a href='https://pxhere.com/en/photo/970928'>via pxhere</a> (public domain) Precast Concrete blocks used in Frank Lloyd Wright's Tonkens House. Image © <a href='https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Example_of_precast_concrete_blocks_in_the_Tonkens_House._Photo_courtesy_of_Toby_Oliver..jpg'>Wikimedia user Factfile8</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/deed.en'>CC BY-SA 4.0</a>Virtual Design & Construction. Image <a href='https://pxhere.com/en/photo/547880'>via pxhere</a> (public domain)Diagrid. Image <a href='https://unsplash.com/photos/VIrwcwdr2Bc'>via Unsplash</a> (public domain)+ 15

Divided House / Jackson Clements Burrows

© John Gollings© John Gollings© John Gollings© John Gollings+ 31

Richmond, Australia

Wade Institute of Entrepreneurship / Lovell Chen

© John Gollings© John Gollings© John Gollings© John Gollings+ 11

How Is the Isoptic Calculated?

When designing an architectural space, it's necessary to think about how to satisfy the needs of each user, looking to achieve an adequate level of comfort and a pleasant experience. Auditoriums, cinemas, and theatres are spaces that involve large masses of people, so special attention must be paid to factors like isoptics, acoustics or accessibility so that when witnessing an event, everyone is able to receive the same information.

MPavilion, Australia’s Leading Architecture and Design Event Announces 2021 Program

The Naomi Milgrom Foundation has unveiled the 2021 MPavilion program, offering over 250 free events over the span of 152 days, its longest to date. Now in its 8th season, the event welcomes design enthusiasts from Australia and across the globe to celebrate the important contributions of the design community to cultural landscapes. This year's pavilion, titled 'The LightCatcher' is designed by Venice-based MAP studio, and will be installed in Melbourne’s Queen Victoria Gardens from the 2nd of December until the 24th of April 2022.

© Anthony Richardson© Anthony Richardson© John Gollings© John Gollings+ 6

Shepparton Art Museum / Denton Corker Marshall

© John Gollings© John Gollings© John Gollings© John Gollings+ 14

True North Residence / TANDEM Design Studio

© John Gollings© John Gollings© John Gollings© John Gollings+ 22

Melbourne, Australia

Aussie New School: Dynamic Projects Reinventing Education and Design

Australia's modern architecture has diverse roots. Grounded in designs like the famous Sydney Opera House, the country’s contemporary projects are radically embracing new aesthetic ideas. Moving beyond traditional pisé construction to create articulated forms, modern designs are emerging as multicultural hybrids both derivative and imported in nature. Exemplifying this dynamic, Australian education projects reinterpret vernacular architecture to embody contemporary culture. Representative of a design language that’s uniquely Australian, these projects build off the continent-nation’s history to create space for learning, recreation and reflection.

© John Gollings© Michael Downes© Toby ScottCourtesy of iredale pedersen hook architects+ 10

Springvale Community Hub / Lyons

© John Gollings© John Gollings© John Gollings© John Gollings+ 21

Springvale, Australia

Sydney Coliseum Theatre / Cox Architecture

© John Gollings© John Gollings© John Gollings© John Gollings+ 10

Rooty Hill, Australia
  • Architects: Cox Architecture
  • Area Area of this architecture project Area :  8000
  • Year Completion year of this architecture project Year :  2019

School Architecture: Examples in Plan and Section

For architects, schools are often complex structures to design. They must provide a variety of spaces for education, and also consider sports and recreational activities. But beyond its size or surface, the greatest challenge is to design an area that fosters a positive pedagogical environment for children. Below, a selection of +70 school projects with their drawings to inspire your proposals for learning campuses.

Penguin Parade Visitor Center / TERROIR

© Peter Bennetts© John Gollings© Peter Bennetts© John Gollings+ 21

Melbourne Quakers Center / Nervegna Reed Architecture + ph Architects

© John Gollings© John Gollings© John Gollings© John Gollings+ 26

West Melbourne, Australia
  • Area Area of this architecture project Area :  520
  • Year Completion year of this architecture project Year :  2020
  • Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project
    Manufacturers :  Barbara Moje, Relume, Tensile Roof
  • Professionals : Sinjen

Towers Road House / Wood/Marsh

Melbourne, Australia
  • Architects: Wood/Marsh
  • Area Area of this architecture project Area :  1930
  • Year Completion year of this architecture project Year :  2018
  • Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project
    Manufacturers :  Focus

Tzannes Unveils New Additions to Sydney's Irving Street Brewery

Architectural practice Tzannes has released new details of further additions to the Irving Street Brewery in Sydney, Australia. The project first integrated plant equipment for a development wide tri-generation plant with the historic Carlton and United Brewery building on the fringe of the Sydney CBD. The tri-generation plant uses natural gas to produce electricity and thermal energy within an elegant mesh screen.

Irving Street Brewery. Image © John GollingsIrving Street Brewery. Image Courtesy of TzannesIrving Street Brewery. Image Courtesy of TzannesIrving Street Brewery. Image Courtesy of Tzannes+ 10

B:Hive Offices / BVN + Jasmax

© John Gollings© John Gollings© John GollingsB:Hive Offices / BVN + Jasmax+ 21

Spotlight: Rem Koolhaas

With the extensive list of acclaimed alumni of his firm, OMA, it is not a stretch to call Rem Koolhaas (born 17 November 1944) the godfather of contemporary architecture. Equal parts theorist and designer, over his 40-year career Koolhaas has revolutionized the way architects look at program and interaction of space, and today continues to design buildings that push the capabilities of architecture to new places.

Seattle Central Library / OMA + LMN. Image Courtesy of OMAMaison Bordeaux. Image © Hans Werlemann, courtesy OMAFondazione Prada. Image © Bas PrincenCasa da Musica. Image © Philippe Ruault+ 39