Tanzania’s architecture is built to celebrate nature and everyday life. Representing a long history of diverse styles, from British and German to Arab influences, much of the country’s major buildings include mosques, churches and marketplaces. Today, Tanzania’s diversity is also rooted in its traditional architecture and structures that were shaped by both their functional use and culture. From Africa’s highest mountain, Mount Kilimanjaro, to the Great Lakes region, Tanzania is home to a varied geography that includes dense forests, plateaus and islands. Over a third of the country's land area is set aside in protected areas for conservation, and in turn, the built environment reflects a respect for surroundings landscapes and natural systems. Around 90 percent of Tanzania's people live in rural settings, and local architecture ranges from the beehive-shaped houses of the Haya to the wood and thatch longhouses of the Gogo people.
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