Created as a microcosm of Brazilian life and culture, Maison du Bresil is a significant example of Le Corbusier’s high-density residential design. Inaugurated in 1959, it is one of twenty-three international residences at the Cité Internationale Universitaire de Paris, located in the heart of Paris. As the “House of Brazil”, the building acts as both a residence hall for Brazilian academics, students, teachers, and artists, and as a hub for Brazilian culture, by providing exhibition spaces and archival resources. Notably, the building has provided residence to famous Brazilians, such as the renowned journalist Barroso Zózimo do Amaral. The Brazilian government, under President Juscelino Kubitschek at the time, commissioned the building in 1952 to provide a residence for Brazilian graduate students in Paris, and to promote the relations between France and Brazil. To design the building, they selected Lúcio Costa, the architect most famous for his work planning Brasilia. After completing initial sketches, Costa reached out to Le Corbusier, with whom he had collaborated on the plans for Brasilia, to aid in the design process and overlook construction. Rather quickly, Corbusier made significant changes to Costa’s original design for the building. Although the major forms of the building remained the same, the changes were enough to estrange Costa from the project, and he would eventually have his name removed from the design.
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