Morocco was heavily influenced by European modernism due to its strategic position in Northern Africa. It was governed as a European protectorate for much of the 20th century, and it was in this region that the modern movement found a place for experimentation; a place where modernist ideals met such particular climate conditions that they evolved a unique regional expression.
The Morocco Pavilion for the 2014 Venice Biennale—their first presence at the event—acknowledges this particular expression aligned with the theme of Absorbing Modernity under the title of Fundamental(ism)s. Curator Tarik Oualalou erected it over a ground of desert sand to create a setting for Morocco’s architecture in the past, entitled Living in the City, and the future, Inhabiting the Desert.
Paris-based X-TU has envisioned a more cohesive, sustainable market where food is not only grown and harvested, but sold and consumed on the spot. Serving as the French pavilion for the 2015 Milan Expo, X-TU’s competition-winning scheme will celebrate the country’s “rich genetic heritage” and future in innovative food production with a timber “fertile market” that supports the growth of the produce it sells.
Architects: X-TU – Anouk Legendre & Nicolas Desmazieres
Location: Saint-Denis, France
Design Team: Roel Dehoorne, Gaelle Leborgne, Melanie Bury, Ingrid Manger
Client: Ministery of Interior
Cost: 5,790,000 € TTC with tax
Total Floor Area: 3,857 sqm shon
Engineering: Estair L. Labrousse
Photographs: JM Monthiers