Venice Biennale 2014: Dutch Pavilion to Rethink the Open Society

00:00 - 9 May, 2014
Venice Biennale 2014: Dutch Pavilion to Rethink the Open Society, Housing scheme Lekkumerend in Leeuwarden The Netherlands, 1962, collection Het Nieuwe Instituut, BROX_1337t339- 1, Van den Broek en Bakema Architects
Housing scheme Lekkumerend in Leeuwarden The Netherlands, 1962, collection Het Nieuwe Instituut, BROX_1337t339- 1, Van den Broek en Bakema Architects

This year for the 2014 Venice Architecture Biennale, the Dutch entry Open: A Bakema Celebration will reflect on the idea of an open society through the work and research of Jaap Bakema (1914-1981).

The Dutch architect, identified as a “compelling exponent of the Dutch welfare state,” was a leading voice within the international avant-garde movements CIAM (International Congresses of Modern Architecture) and Team 10. Inspired by the belief that “architecture should accommodate the emancipation of the masses while allowing for the self-realization of the individual citizen,” his portfolio includes some of the Netherlands’ most important postwar projects, such as the Rotterdam shopping street Lijnbaan.

Office Building ForTop / Arnoud Olie

01:00 - 7 May, 2014
Office Building ForTop / Arnoud Olie, © René de Wit
© René de Wit
  • Architects

  • Location

    Grote Kranerweerd 53, 8064 PE Zwartsluis, The Netherlands
  • Contracter

    Bouwbedrijf Bovenhuis
  • Project Year

    2012
  • Photographs

© René de Wit © René de Wit © René de Wit © René de Wit +13

Parkrand / MVRDV

01:00 - 1 May, 2014
Parkrand / MVRDV, © Rob't Hart
© Rob't Hart

“Buurt 9” (Neighbourhood 9) forms part of the garden cities west of Amsterdam. It consists of 174 standard small housing units, located in three L-shaped buildings and positioned next to a small park.

Watch/Watertower Sint Jansklooster / Zecc Architecten

01:00 - 30 April, 2014
Watch/Watertower Sint Jansklooster / Zecc Architecten, © Stijn Poelstra
© Stijn Poelstra
  • Architects

  • Location

    Barsbeek 6, De Weerribben-Wieden National Park, 8326 BN Sint Jansklooster, The Netherlands
  • Project Architect

    Bart Kellerhuis, Marnix van der Meer
  • Project Team

    Tom Leerkes, Mark Gerritsen
  • Client

    BOEi, Natuurmonumenten & Vitens
  • Project Year

    2014
  • Photographs

© Stijn Poelstra © Stijn Poelstra © Stijn Poelstra © Stijn Poelstra +16

Culturehouse in Arnhem / Neutelings Riedijk Architects

01:00 - 26 April, 2014

Amsterdam Metro Station / Maccreanor Lavington Architects

01:00 - 18 April, 2014
Amsterdam Metro Station / Maccreanor Lavington Architects, Courtesy of Maccreanor Lavington
Courtesy of Maccreanor Lavington

Courtesy of Maccreanor Lavington Courtesy of Maccreanor Lavington Courtesy of Maccreanor Lavington Courtesy of Maccreanor Lavington +14

Rijksmuseum Revisited: The Dutch National Museum One Year On

01:00 - 15 April, 2014
Rijksmuseum Revisited: The Dutch National Museum One Year On, Atrium, April 2014. Image © James Taylor-Foster
Atrium, April 2014. Image © James Taylor-Foster

The Rijksmuseum, which reopened last year after a decade of restoration and remodelling, is a museum dedicated to “the Dutchness of Dutchness.” Pierre Cuypers, the building's original architect, began designing this neogothic cathedral to Dutch art in 1876; it opened in 1885 and has stood guard over Amsterdam's Museumplein ever since.

Over the centuries, the building suffered a series of poorly executed 'improvements': intricately frescoed walls and ceilings were whitewashed; precious mosaics broken; decorative surfaces plastered over; and false, parasitic ceilings hung from the walls. Speaking in his office overlooking the Rijksmuseum’s monumental south west façade, Director of Collections Taco Dibbits noted how the most appalling damage was incurred during the mid-20th century: “everything had been done to hide the original building […but] Cruz y Ortiz [who won the competition to redesign the Rijks in 2003] embraced the existing architecture by going back to the original volumes of the spaces as much as possible.” 

For Seville-based Cruz y Ortiz, choosing what to retain and what to restore, what to remodel and what to ignore were, at times, difficult to balance. Cruz y Ortiz found their answer in the mantra: 'Continue with Cuypers'. They threw the original elements of the building into relief but did not act as aesthetes for the 'ruin'. In contrast to David Chipperfield and Julian Harrap's restoration of Berlin's Neues Museum, for instance, Cruz y Ortiz rigorously implemented a clean visual approach that favoured clarity over confusion. What is original, what is restored, and what is new mingle together in a melting pot of solid, understated architectural elements. Sometimes this approach contradicted Cuyper's original intentions; however, more often than not it complements them in a contemporary way.

Courtesy of Rijksmuseum. Image © John Lewis Marshall Courtesy of Rijksmuseum / Great Hall. Image © Jannes Linders Courtesy of Rijksmuseum / Gallery of Honour. Image © Iwan Baan Courtesy of Rijksmuseum / Cuyper's Library Restored. Image © Iwan Baan +39

Culture House Eemhuis / Neutelings Riedijk Architects

01:00 - 11 April, 2014
Culture House Eemhuis / Neutelings Riedijk Architects, Courtesy of Scagliolabrakke, Neutelings Riedijk Architecten
Courtesy of Scagliolabrakke, Neutelings Riedijk Architecten
  • Architects

  • Location

    Eemplein, Amersfoort, The Netherlands
  • Area

    16000.0 sqm
  • Project Year

    2014
  • Photographs

    Courtesy of Scagliolabrakke, Neutelings Riedijk Architecten

Courtesy of Scagliolabrakke, Neutelings Riedijk Architecten Courtesy of Scagliolabrakke, Neutelings Riedijk Architecten Courtesy of Scagliolabrakke, Neutelings Riedijk Architecten Courtesy of Scagliolabrakke, Neutelings Riedijk Architecten +29

Nieuw Leyden Block / Arons en Gelauff Architecten

01:00 - 10 April, 2014
Nieuw Leyden Block / Arons en Gelauff Architecten, © Luuk Kramer
© Luuk Kramer

© Luuk Kramer © Luuk Kramer © Luuk Kramer © Luuk Kramer +12

KPN Dutch Telecom Company / de Jong Gortemaker Algra Architects

01:00 - 7 April, 2014
© Christian Richters
© Christian Richters

© Christian Richters © Christian Richters © Christian Richters © Christian Richters +16

Kavel K / Carve

01:00 - 5 April, 2014
Kavel K / Carve, © Marleen Beek
© Marleen Beek
  • Architects

  • Location

    The Hague, The Netherlands
  • Carve Team

    Elger Blitz, Mark van der Eng, Thomas Tiel Groenestege, Emma Kaul, Thijs van der Zouwen, Hannah Schubert
  • Area

    1650.0 sqm
  • Project Year

    2014
  • Photographs

© Marleen Beek © Marleen Beek © Marleen Beek © Marleen Beek +30

Villa Kavel 01 / Studioninedots

01:00 - 4 April, 2014
Villa Kavel 01 / Studioninedots, © Peter Cuypers
© Peter Cuypers
  • Architects

  • Location

    Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • Architects in Charge

    Albert Herder, Vincent van der Klei, Arie van der Neut en Metin van Zijl.
  • Area

    379.0 sqm
  • Project Year

    2014
  • Photographs

© Peter Cuypers © Peter Cuypers © Peter Cuypers © Peter Cuypers +43

G-Star RAW HQ / OMA

01:00 - 31 March, 2014
G-Star RAW HQ / OMA, Courtesy of OMA - G-Star
Courtesy of OMA - G-Star
  • Architects

  • Location

    Joan Muyskenweg 39, 1099 Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • Architect in Charge

    Rem Koolhaas, Reinier de Graaf, Ellen van Loon
  • Current Team (construction + interiors)

    Katrien van Dijk (project leader), Tjeerd van de Sandt, Saskia Simon, Marina Cogliani, Jung-Won Yoon
  • Area

    19000.0 sqm
  • Project Year

    2014
  • Photographs

    Courtesy of OMA - G-Star

Courtesy of OMA - G-Star Courtesy of OMA - G-Star Courtesy of OMA - G-Star Courtesy of OMA - G-Star +26

Google Amsterdam / DDOCK

01:00 - 27 March, 2014
Google Amsterdam  / DDOCK , © Alan Jensen
© Alan Jensen
  • Architects

  • Location

    1082 MD Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • Area

    3000.0 sqm
  • Project Year

    2014
  • Photographs

© Alan Jensen © Alan Jensen © Alan Jensen © Alan Jensen +8

Fire Station Doetinchem / Bekkering Adams architects

01:00 - 26 March, 2014
Fire Station Doetinchem  / Bekkering Adams architects, © Ossip van Duivenbode
© Ossip van Duivenbode
  • Architects

  • Location

    Stokhorstweg 1, 7006 GA Doetinchem, The Netherlands
  • Design Team

    Monica Adams, Juliette Bekkering, Perry Klootwijk, Esther Vlasveld, Frank Venhorst, Zuzana Kuldova, Pia Fischer, Stefania Masuino, Gerard Heerink, Magda Strak
  • Area

    3600.0 sqm
  • Photographs

© Ossip van Duivenbode © Ossip van Duivenbode © Ossip van Duivenbode © Ossip van Duivenbode +9

Rem Koolhaas' Current Fascinations: On Identity, Asia, the Biennale, & More

01:00 - 19 March, 2014
Rem Koolhaas' Current Fascinations: On Identity, Asia, the Biennale, & More, Courtesy of Strelka Institute for Media, Architecture, and Design, via Flickr
Courtesy of Strelka Institute for Media, Architecture, and Design, via Flickr

In this interview, originally published in The Architectural Review, Andrew Mackenzie sits down with OMA founder Rem Koolhaas to discuss the Venice Biennale, the extinction of national identities, his fascination with Asia, the link between De Rotterdam and Delirious New York, and the future of the profession.

Your proposition for this year’s Venice Architecture Biennale asks whether national identity has been, as you say, ‘sacrificed to modernity’. Some might view this as a project of reclamation, not unlike Frampton’s regionalism. How would you differentiate your proposition from Frampton’s?

Well, Kenneth Frampton is a smart guy, but the problem is that he looked at regionalism as an antidote to cosmopolitan development. In so doing he perverted the cause of regionalism, because suddenly regionalism was mobilised as a private cause that it couldn’t sustain. However, the question of national identity is an open one. For instance, at first sight the Netherlands is a very internationalist country, but looking closely you can see an enormous return of, not vernacular, but quasi-vernacular architecture and quasi-old fortresses that are newly built with a national flavour. Look at Zaandam, and that huge assemblage of so-called vernacular buildings.

Energy Carousel Dordrecht / Ecosistema Urbano Architects

01:00 - 17 March, 2014
Energy Carousel Dordrecht / Ecosistema Urbano Architects, © Emilio P. Doiztua
© Emilio P. Doiztua
  • Architects

  • Location

    Oud-Krispijn, Dordrecht, The Netherlands
  • Architects in Charge

    Belinda Tato, Jose Luis Vallejo (ecosistema urbano architects)
  • Design Team

    Jaime Eizaguirre, Luisa Zancada, Johannes Kettler, Masatoshi Oka, Francesco Cingolani
  • Photographs

© Emilio P. Doiztua © Emilio P. Doiztua © Emilio P. Doiztua © Emilio P. Doiztua +31

Lely Campus / ConsortArchitects

01:00 - 17 March, 2014
Lely Campus  / ConsortArchitects, © Samual Ashfield
© Samual Ashfield

© Samual Ashfield © Samual Ashfield © Samual Ashfield © Samual Ashfield +16