For years, I’ve walked into buildings with an open eye towards architectural features – whether it be overall design, finishes, products, lighting or some other observation. It’s amazing how working in the architectural, engineering, or construction industry will forever change the way you look at buildings. There should be special drivers licenses for those of us in this industry – how many car accidents have we collectively almost caused hitting the brakes on a busy street to catch a glimpse of a beautiful building?
That’s the power of first impressions, though. It’s a big factor in building design. As with any introduction – to people, places, or products – first impressions are critical. Like interviewing for a job, there’s no denying the link between what the brain picks up in those first seconds, and the perceived quality over the life of that relationship. And by now we know that once humans are set in their ways, it’s very, very hard to change them.
So what first impressions are given when occupants enter your building? Where are the focal points, and what do they say about your design?
For so long, these impressions have been created by details or monumental features high up in the ceiling, a work of art or some other visual piece. Building entrances, however, can play a role in shaping the occupant’s experience and the ability to take in that focal point.
“Part of every space is the entrance – don’t neglect the importance of the threshold. This is where you may help occupants prepare for the visual stimuli they are about to take in, once inside. If there is no physical threshold, think of how the room’s details, lighting, materials and overall geometries will get their attention as they gain greater focus of the room over time.”
After all, it’s hard to soak up the visual beauty of an architectural masterpiece if your trousers are busy soaking up what’s on the floor:
That’s where Floorometry comes in. A new take on the traditional world of entrance flooring, this new system from Construction Specialties, Inc. looks to give architects the ability to reimagine their buildings’ entrances – creating those important first impressions and leading occupants to their intended destinations within those buildings.
We believe it is time to rethink flooring, particularly in our building’s entrances. With the intelligent, creative, and beautiful designs being put out as architecture evolves – we need to leave the roll up mats for the convenience stores and back porches of the world. Let’s do something architecturally significant – as an integrated part of the overall design.
The trouble in the past has been finding products that look great but also function in these high-traffic areas. How many times have you seen a beautiful finish be worn down with occupants slamming their shoes (ahem…heels!) into the floor day after day?
This is a sneak peek from the Floorometry catalogue showing off some of the finishes available in this new, easy-to-install entrance flooring product:
Here’s how Floorometry is taking entrance flooring to a new level:
|Traditional Entrance Flooring||C/S Floorometry|
|Traditional linear design||Robust modular design for creative flexibility|
|Limited selection of finishes and colors||Thousands of finish options and combinations|
|Installation can be cumbersome||Installs like a tile|
|Architectural product||Architectural feature|
The culmination of years of market research, Floorometry was developed specifically for high-end buildings that demand a statement in the entranceway. As dynamic as Floorometry’s visual appeal is, it is easy to forget that there was also careful attention paid to performance. Floorometry is incredibly effective at stopping dirt and moisture at the door, which means that other floor finishes will last longer and cost less to keep beautiful for many years.
Floorometry also contributes to multiple LEED credits including IEQ Credit 5, which requires designers to employ permanent entryway systems (grilles, grates, etc.) at least ten feet long at all high-traffic entryways. All Floorometry systems are constructed of materials carefully selected to be beautiful, long lasting as well as contain exceptionally high levels of recycled content.
Not only is this product designed with the environment in mind, it is also produced by a responsible manufacturer. To learn more about some of the environmental stewardship of Construction Specialties, Inc. take a moment to see the video and visit the links below.
Disclaimer: This is a sponsored post by Construction Specialties (C/S), one of our partners.
Peaking above some contemporary New York favorites – such as Gehry’s IAC Building and Field Operations + DS+R’s High Line – Jean Nouvel’s 100 Eleventh Avenue adds yet another touch of character to Manhattan’s West Side. ArchRecord‘s great pieces on curtains walls gave us a better look at Nouvel’s textured glass curtain wall.
More about the curtain wall after the break. (more…)
In addition to being asked to design Baghdad’s newest banking headquarters as we reported previously, Zaha Hadid has also been recognized at the Structural Steel Design Awards. The awards, which are in their 42nd year, are bestowed upon those who attain excellence in both architectural and structural design with the use of steel. Hadid’s Legacy Roof (alongside Audi West London, the Infinity Footbridge in Stockton-on-Tees, and Dublin Airport Terminal 2) was awarded for its “heroic engineering achievement”. Working with Arup, Rowecord Engineering Ltd and Balfour Beatty Group Ltd, the team has designed an amazing structure to house the Aquatic Center for the Olympic Games in London. When we first introduced Hadid’s Legacy Roof, we were shocked by the fluidity the 160 m long and 3,000 ton roof could convey. Its dynamic curvaceous form is definitely a feat of engineering. The judges noted the project’s successful use of steel commenting that the roof ”has overcome severe program and constructional problems. A necessarily complex structure delivers the form and shape at the heart of what will become the emblematic and beautiful icon of the London 2012 Olympics.”
There’s no shortage of organizations out there, big or small, working to improve the conditions of our environment. In recent years, we’ve seen real advancements in climate change issues, many of which have been directly related to the built environment. Leading organizations such as the AIA, Architecture 2030, and USGBC have introduced innovative models aimed at encouraging greener building design and construction.
And while large scale initiatives have driven the green building movement here in North America and abroad, some issues have an easier time emerging as hot topics than others (think renewables). There’s no doubt that advances in those areas will, in fact, have positive impacts on the built environment, but there is an emerging group of products, technologies, materials, and design principles that seems to be taking shape in a growing number of buildings scattered across the globe.
You might call it “Green Building 2.0”. It’s the next stage of green building where initial advances in the last few years of the green revolution start coming together in dynamic, intelligent systems that have far greater impact in their buildings than those of each system operating independently. It’s where the individuals who occupy those buildings have a relationship with the environment around them; where parts of the building think, move, react, and adapt to real time conditions.
What if you could design a building that, at any given time, was optimized for the environmental conditions around it? What if that building meant more satisfied tenants, a lower carbon footprint, and significant savings in capital and operating costs? And what if you could do so without compromising the aesthetics of your building’s design, perhaps even enhancing it?
These possibilities are closer than ever to being fully realized, thanks to a select number of innovators making ‘living buildings’ a living reality.
Take solar shading and daylighting, for example. Traditionally, these existed as fixed systems bracketed in place on a building. Have a look at the video below, however, and you’ll see some of the possibilities with dynamic, controllable systems that react to environmental conditions:
Okay – so a futuristic kinetic facade might be overkill for your building design. We thought we’d outline three firms – one product manufacturer, one designer, and one architect – that are integrating living solar shading technologies into existing buildings with great success.
Hoberman Associates and Adaptive Building Initiative
Founded: Hoberman Associates in 1990, Adaptive Building Initiative in 2008
Description: “A joint venture between Buro Happold and Hoberman Associates dedicated to designing a new generation of buildings that optimize their configuration in real time by responding to environmental changes.“
Notable Projects: Hoberman designed an operable covering to accompany Foster + Partners’ design for the Aldar Central Market in Abu Dhabi.
A system of rectangular cells opens and closes to regulate sunlight and solar gain, as well as block sand and dust from entering the open-air traditional Souk
Cool thinking from their website:
“Adaptation is essential for survival and success: This is as true for our buildings as it is for all other aspects of our lives…Today buildings represent the single largest contributor to carbon output in the United States; their owners and occupants pay the price in higher energy costs and reduced comfort and flexibility. Rising energy demands, along with the lack of design solutions that sufficiently respond to the changes in our environment, may well be the defining problems of our century. Adaptation is the means by which we can begin to address these daunting challenges and enter a new era of innovation.”
With compelling but simple logic, “Buildings with adaptive systems use less energy, offer more occupant comfort, and feature better overall space efficiency than static buildings do…These technological advances allow us to create buildings that are self-optimizing, rather than merely best-fit compromises.”
Description: Behnisch is one of the leading architecture firms dealing with innovative solutions in daylighting, shading, facade technology and creating built environments, known for their “sensitivity to the culture and climate of place and the desire to bring a new quality of life to their users”.
Notable projects: Unilever Haus, featured in last month’s GreenSource, was recently named “Office Building of the Year” at the World Architecture Festival. Following the theme of intelligent buildings, Behnisch and team conceived an innovative system combining double skin facade technology, operable windows, and Warema controllable exterior venetian blinds on every elevation except the North (where shading is hardly needed).
Cool thinking: Behnisch and close collaborators Transsolar were recently featured in an exhibit at Toronto’s MaRS Discovery District. The exhibit featured models of projects and interactive displays concerning the importance of light, shading, temperature and other building factors. In addition, viewers could watch documentaries on iPads with thought leaders in each area. Of interest were Behnisch’s thoughts on applying these principles to the existing building stock, an often overlooked opportunity in green building:
“…The most difficult stock we have to deal with, and it has to be done, if we really want to save CO2. We need to fix up about 60% of the existing buildings. The biggest challenge is not the historic buildings. The biggest challenge is 50s to 80s buildings. The mirror glass building across the street is one example. And these can be done well with new facades and technologies. The problem is less of a challenge than you think.”
Construction Specialties & Solarmotion
Description: The next generation of intelligent operable shading systems, ranging from exterior louver and fin systems to retractable external venetian blind systems.
Notable Project: C/S Operating Sun Controls were installed in 1997 over the gallery skylights of the J. Paul Getty Art Museum to provide filtered sunlight to each of the galleries and to prevent the sun’s UV rays from damaging valuable artwork.
Solarmotion dynamic facades are almost like a living part of the building and respond to the elements (wind, rain, sun, snow) providing optimal comfort.
Independent energy modeling on a 10-storey building in Dallas with Solarmotion intelligent shading showed a 21.1% reduction in the annual cooling energy demand (MWhrs) was achieved, translating into savings of $137,160 per annum on the building modeled.
From an architectural standpoint, one of the things we like best about Solarmotion technology is the design options for shading systems. Typically you’d see these systems as aluminum airfoils mounted to the building envelope. Solarmotion’s blade options, including Red Cedar wood, aluminum airfoils, laminated glass, a variety of perforated aluminum blades, clear acrylic, and even LED options mean your shading system could take the same form as your building, or stand out as a prominent feature.
As buildings all over the world are responsible for a majority of the greenhouse gases emitted today, one of the easiest ways to reduce a building’s energy usage post-construction is to take these adaptive and dynamic factors into consideration during pre-design. The technology is available, but it’s up to stakeholders at each level – architects, designers, contractors, and product manufacturers to listen closely to drivers in the market and respond with innovative, relevant, and effective solutions.
Europe has been doing this for some time now and North America is just beginning to embrace it. With the need for energy efficient buildings, including the existing building stock remaining one of the key solutions to addressing climate change, perhaps we can take a note from nature and learn how living, intelligent, dynamic systems can help the built environment adapt to the conditions around it. The market leaders mentioned above are seeing the future of intelligent buildings and designing solutions that work. Are you?
Let us know in the comments if you have been involved in a building with intelligent shading, facade, or building envelope technology. Do you work or live in such a building? Are you working on a cool technology or have you used one in a previous design? We want to hear about it!
Disclaimer: This is a sponsored post by Construction Specialties (C/S), one of our partners.
Each year UdK Berlin organizes a small competition among the students for the concept of a Bookshop inside the School. This year’s winning proposal for the shop was designed by Dalia Butvidaite, Leonard Steidle, Johannes Drechsler and the all participating students then helped manufacturing the structure.
Cardboard as the main material was chosen because of its flexibility in shape, stability, cheapness, temporary feeling, lightness, mobility and last but not least its recyclability.
Our friends at Abitare published several works by Italian firm Buratti + Battiston, an architect and engineer, respectively. With a strong grasp of aesthetics as their foundation for creating spaces, their Vetreria Airoldi Office + Showroom works with the characteristics of colored glass to form a contemporary working space.
More images and more about the project after the break.
Measuring 145 metres from top to bottom and counting 38 floors, Dexia Tower is the third highest building in Brussels, Belgium. In the middle of the Rogier Square the building shines like a beacon over the town. The Tower is visible from several major traffic arteries in the capital and is situated precisely in the middle of the Mint Square – North Station axis. (more…)
Brent Vander Werf’s Compliant Shading Enclosure creates a movable mechanism within the air-gap of a glass enclosure to regulate the amount of sun, shade and shadow permitted in a space. Powered by the energy from the sun, the mechanism passively expands or closes to make the opening the correct size to meet the desired comfort level.
More about the shading system after the break. (more…)
By studying the solstice solar angles, Benjamin Hall and Brent Vander Werf’s research project, Fishman Shade Canopy, creates a site specific geometric strategy where the canopy provides 100% shade while maintaining a visual opacity. This prototype builds upon experiments conducted throughout Hall’s Capstone project at the University of Arizona, a few years ago. After developing a warp and weft system of structural shade members, the next step of the project was to manifest those findings in a full-scale built project.
More about the canopy after the break. (more…)
A year ago, we featured a set of Tim Harris’ early construction photos of Jean Nouvel’s Doha Office tower previously on AD, and now photographer Nelson Garrido has shared some new shots of the 45 story cylindrical structure. The building’s dia-grid gives much character to the project, as it not only provides structural support but also gives the volume a textured appearance from far away that turns into a more delicate patterning in closer range. The facade is layered with metal brise-soleil based on a traditional Islamic pattern. The fairly standard geometry module becomes a complex visual as it is rotated and flipped to provide maximum shading for the interior of the building. In this way, the arrangement of the panels is both functional and supplies the aesthetic touch that will define the tower.
More of Garrido’s photographs after the break. (more…)
For the Young Architects Forum Atlanta’s 10UP! National Architectue Competition, participants were challenged to create a temporary installation for Atlanta. The winning 45 ft tower, Periscope, designed by Brandon Clifford and Wes Mcgee of Matter Design Studio, is an “inhabitable installation with iconic implications to advocate bold architecture for the Atlanta community and young designers across the globe.” The designers felt the tower would create a strong marker for the city, “Through vertical expansion via the omission of a vertical restriction, this tower will engage a broader audience, inviting them to the event similar to search lights in the night sky.”
More about the tower, including lots of images and a video, after the break. (more…)
As we reported earlier last week, Bohlin Cywinski Jackson’s newest Apple store (and China’s first!) opened on July 10. For the past five years, photographer Roy Zipstein has been documenting the stores, traveling to America, Europe, Asia and even Australia to highlight the artistry of the sleek structures. Similar to how it takes a certain kind of architect to manifest Apple’s aesthetic and technological philosophy in built-form, it takes a certain kind of photographer to capture that essence on film. Zipstein commented via Bernstein&Andriulli, “The Apple Stores are so beautifully designed, inside and out. It’s been very interesting to witness the design process evolve over the last few years, through the use of different materials such as glass, stainless steel and stone, and the evolving interpretation of the interior space. Having the architects present at some of these shoots and being able to exchange thoughts with them has been an added bonus for me.”
Similar to their identifiable products, the Apple stores require a sleek, almost instantly recognizable, aesthetic. As keepers of the latest technology, the buildings’ minimalist interiors boast a calm and sophisticated demeanor, complimenting, yet not overshadowing, their prized possessions. It may come as a surprise that the leading architects behind the stores are Bohlin Cywinski Jackson (BCJ), a firm that had never designed a retail store before Apple and whose principal, Peter Bohlin, winner of the AIA Gold Medal, ironically doesn’t use email.
Bohlin has awed us in the past, especially with Apple’s second Manhattan retail store located on Fifth Avenue. Turning a tough retail space into a successful masterpiece, the store’s iconic cube, a 32-foot glass structure, marks the store’s entrance and beckons customers down to the retail level which is illuminated with natural light. And now, BCJ has just unveiled their latest Apple store, and the first of its kind in China which seeks to emulate similar design decisions as the Fifth Avenue project. (more…)
For more than 80 years, plastics have been improving the performance and durability of nearly everything we buy, and build, with their remarkable properties. Take, for example, this video we dug up on YouTube. Disney’s “Monsanto House of the Future” featuring “plastics used boldly, creatively as building materials.”
It was just 50 years ago we were idealizing about a world full of plastic, as pointed out in the video:
“Is everything plastic?”, the narrator asks. “Almost! Dishes, cups, counter tops, walls, floors, ceilings, tabletops, shelves and cabinets. Plastics in all their colorful, functional, and beautiful versatility have transformed their work area, stepped it years ahead.”
And, in his book Maps to Anywhere, Bernard Cooper explains the allure of that seemingly magical world of plastics:
“It was the permanence, the durability of plastic that made the Monsanto house a marvel. The wings, it was said, would never sag. The plastic floor would never buckle, chip, or crack. At the time, 30 percent of Monsanto’s business was in plastics, synthetic resins, and surface coatings.” (hat tip to Lloyd Alter at Treehugger)
Some of that video was, in fact, accurate. Today it is hard to imagine a world without plastics! In the ideal world portrayed in the video, however, no one seems to pick up on the price that we would eventually pay. We’re beginning to see these consequences more and more; in the press, blogosphere and, of most concern, in our natural environment and human bodies. The idea of “better living through chemistry” failed to take into account the harmful effects those very chemicals would later have on our health.
You may remember this Time Magazine article published in April, “The Peril of Plastics”. With plastics everywhere, including the controversial BPA (a synthetic estrogen), Time states “if you don’t have it [BPA] in your body, you’re not living in the modern world”. Was this the modern world (the ‘future’) that the Monsanto house envisioned?
And so, in hindsight, perhaps we should have explored alternatives. Somewhere along the line, though, we parted ways with nature, favoring the path to a manufactured future – one with indestructible materials, even after we would decide we had no use for those materials any longer.
But where has industry been in the return to nature? Just as the video states, “a revolution has quietly been taking place in homes”, we now need a revolution to explore the future of plastics as a sustainable building material – only this time, maybe we shouldn’t be so quiet.
That’s why we’re happy to see companies like Interface, Steelcase, Herman Miller, and Construction Specialties (C/S) stepping up to the plate. Led by leading green thinkers like William McDonough, of MBDC and founder of the Cradle to Cradle design process, these companies are leading the way into a world that is truly better, not just less bad (as seen with so many green marketing efforts). Unfortunately this revolution won’t happen with just a quick fix.
At the recent AIA 2010 Convention in Miami (appropriately themed “Design for the New Decade”), we had the opportunity to catch up with Construction Specialties and learn a little more about its new line of interior wall protection products. You’ve likely seen Acrovyn before (see images below) – it’s in tens of thousands of hospitals, airports, and schools in North America. It’s one product you might not think about as you walk through those places – but there’s a lot to C/S’ story of how their latest product line, called Acrovyn 4000, is ahead of the pack when it comes to sustainability.
Here’s some of what C/S has accomplished, with some serious research, development, engineering, and sustainable chemistry work, to bring the Acrovyn product to where it is today:
- Eliminated Persistent Bioaccumulative Toxins (PBTs) from all products
- Completely removed PVC & BPA
- Earned Cradle to Cradle: Silver Certification
- Meets California 01350 protocol for good indoor air quality
- Improved color match, texture, gloss and cleanability based on extensive market research
On top of that, we couldn’t help but be impressed by C/S’ involvement in big picture efforts to change the industry altogether. This past April, there was a Senate Hearing on reforming U.S. chemical safety laws that called for industry leaders to testify with their thoughts on the matter. Construction Specialties’ Vice President, Howard Williams, spoke at that hearing, and has continued to be a voice for change with respect to a reformed Toxic Substances and Chemicals Act (TSCA), calling for increased transparency, regulation, and third party involvement in verifying environmental, safety, and chemical claims made by industry. You can watch the webcast of that speech here (watch for Howard at the 34:00 mark). Here’s a good excerpt:
“Reform should include making the data available, identifying chemicals of concern, and promoting safer alternatives through Green Chemistry – reform in ways that reduce causation, improve life, and lower healthcare costs. You and the buildings industry, through existing and emerging standards, have an opportunity to protect millions from building-related PBT exposure, while accelerating product innovation, job creation and economic growth.”
As members of the architectural community, we’ve got to keep in mind that it is these products, when used as part of smarter building designs, which can help the building industry get back on track with nature. This is our responsibility. There’s still a long way to go, but, by selecting the right products and working with product manufacturers to better the materials we put in our buildings, we can get there. Perhaps this will enable us to build a new version of the ‘house of the future’ – one that embraces nature, exemplifies safer buildings and, of course, promotes a healthier people and planet.
Looking for more ways to help? We hope that you’ll join Construction Specialties and the growing number of people and companies leading the charge on chemical reform. For more information, visit this link.
Disclaimer: This is a sponsored post by Construction Specialties (C/S), one of our partners.
Architects: Flansburgh Architects
Location: Kamuela, Hawaii
Partner in Charge: David A. Croteau, AIA
Client: Hawaii Preparatory Academy
Contractor: Quality Builders Inc.
Project Management: Pa’ahana Enterprises LLC
Civil Engineering: Belt Collins Hawaii Ltd.
Structural Engineering: Walter Vorfeld & Associates
Mechanical Engineering: Hakalau Engineering LLC
Electrical Engineering: Wallace T. Oki, PE Inc.
Surveyor: Pattison Land Surveying Inc.
Sustainability Consultants: Buro Happold Consulting Engineers
Completion Date: 2010
Construction Area: 6,100 square feet
Construction Value: $650/sf
Photographs: Matthew Millman
Conceived as a high school science building dedicated to the study of alternative energy, the new Energy Lab at Hawaii Preparatory Academy functions as a zero-net-energy, fully sustainable building. The project’s fundamental goal is that of educating the next generation of students in the understanding of environmentally conscious, sustainable living systems. The project targets LEED Platinum and Living Building Challenge certification. Recently completed in January 2010, the Energy Lab today strives as a living laboratory, furthering its educational goals as a functioning example of sustainability.
A category-defining combination of functionality and appearance, Hunter Douglas’ exclusive Silhouette FR ® windows shadings filter light while reducing glare as well as block light and provide privacy. Suspended between two sheer facings of polyester, adjustable fabric vanes can be raised and lowered like standard shades and opened or closed like horizontal blinds.
When the vanes are open, the shadings work like sheers, filtering light to eliminate glare and create an inviting glow. Vanes can be tilted to block light and provide privacy, and the shadings roll up completely into a slim headrail, allowing unobstructed views.
- GREENGUARD Indoor Air Quality Certified® and GREENGUARD Children and Schools certified for low-emitting products’
- Fabrics meet all requirements of NFPA 701 small scale flammabiltiy testing for commercial applications
- Up to 88% ultraviolet protection with vanes open and 99% with vanes closed
- Motorization available
- Backed by Hunter Douglas Contract Lifetime Guarantee
- Headrail: 3″ x 2-9/32″ or 3-3/16″ x 2-1/2″, standard/tilt-only/oversized configurations, fabric-covered.
- Mechanism: continuous cord loop.
- Fabrics: 18 colors, all FR *, avaliable in Originale™ classic translucent woven fabric and Bon Soir™ light-dimming fabric.
- Widths: 12″ to 96″ (standard), 6″ to 11-7/8″ (tilt-only), 12″ to 120″ (oversized).
- Heights: 16″ to 96″ (standard), 16″ to 120″ (oversized and tilt-only). Minimum height for motorized products is 12″.
- Options: motorization/remote operation, inside/outside or end mount, dust covers, non-standard cord drop lengths, 2-on-1 headrail.
Fabrics & Colors
Originale™ Translucent Fabrics
Bon Soir™ Light Dimming Fabrics
1. Headrail End Caps
2. Limit Screw Assembly
2a. Limit Screw
2c. Limit Nut
4. Universal Rotator Rail
5. Clutch Assembly
7. Cord Loop
8. Universal Cord Tensioner
9. Headrail (OPTIONAL: Fabric Covered)
10. Ratchet Limit Assembly
11. Bottom Slat
12. Bottom Rail
13. Bottom Rail End Caps
14. Balance Weight
15. Weight Clips
17. Hold-Down Bracket
18a. Universal Cord Tensioner Mounting Bracket
18b. Universal Cord Tensioner Mounting Bracket Flush Mount
This continuous cord loop and clutch assembly makes operating large shades easier.
Provides the ultimate choice in versatility, with the option to operate shades from the top down, the bottom up, or in combination to meet all your privacy needs while still giving you access to natural light.
Two shadings share the same headrail; each shade operates independently.
Uniquely shaped windows pose challenges in providing privacy and light control and keeping your space energy efficient. Hunter Douglas has taken on these challenges by offering the following options: perfect and imperfect arch, perfect and imperfect extended arch, circle, angle, octagon, oval, hexagon, trapezpoid, perfect and imperfect quarter circle. Vanes remain in fully opened position and are non-operable. Inside mounts only.
Versatile range of motors and controls to maximize shading benefits.
For narrow windows. Shades cannot be raised or lowered, but vanes may be positioned from fully open to fully closed.
Inside mount, outside mound, end mount (max width = 84″), dust covers, optional cord drop lengths – color-coordinated sizes: 2′, 3′, 4′, and 5′ for standard and oversized rails. White available in a 1′ length, and 12′ increments from 6-16′ lengths.
Projects that use this product
This post is part of our ongoing effort to create a database of architectural products, a useful resource for all architects, with the help of our partners.
Hunter Douglas Contract is a business partner of ArchDaily.