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  3. Spotlight: Sverre Fehn

Spotlight: Sverre Fehn

Spotlight: Sverre Fehn
Spotlight: Sverre Fehn, Nordic Pavilion in Venice. Image ©  Åke E:son Lindman
Nordic Pavilion in Venice. Image © Åke E:son Lindman

1997 Pritzker Prize laureate Sverre Fehn (August 14th 1924 – February 23rd 2009) was a leader in Post World War II Scandinavian architecture. “His work has an intuitive confidence in how to use the Nordic landscape and its particular light conditions within the built culture, and yet throughout his career each period has reflected a refined sensitivity to international changes and attitudes in architecture,” said his close collaborator Per Olaf Fjeld. “It can be compared to a poetic work conceived on an isolated mountain by a writer with an uncanny, intuitive sense of what is going on in the towns below.” [1]

Sverre Fehn. Image via <a href='http://www.pritzkerprize.com/laureates/1997'>Pritzker Prize</a>
Sverre Fehn. Image via Pritzker Prize
Nordic Pavilion in Venice. Image ©  Åke E:son Lindman
Nordic Pavilion in Venice. Image © Åke E:son Lindman

Along with other alumni from the Architectural School of Oslo, Fehn was involved in international architectural discussions, notably through CIAM (International Congress of Modern Architecture) and its Scandinavian branch PAGON (Progressive Architects’ Group, Oslo, Norway). However, it was through his Norwegian pavilion at the 1958 World Exhibition in Brussels and his Nordic pavilion for the Venice Biennale in 1962 that he first gained international recognition.

Norwegian National Museum of Art, Architecture and Design. Image © <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/iammadforit/5619178375'>Flickr user iammadforit</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/'>CC BY 2.0</a>
Norwegian National Museum of Art, Architecture and Design. Image © Flickr user iammadforit licensed under CC BY 2.0
Norwegian National Museum of Art, Architecture and Design. Image © <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/iammadforit/5619179701'>Flickr user iammadforit</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/'>CC BY 2.0</a>
Norwegian National Museum of Art, Architecture and Design. Image © Flickr user iammadforit licensed under CC BY 2.0

The Nordic Pavilion exemplifies how Fehn reinterpreted elements of traditional Norwegian architecture when assessing a project site, and the nature of its materials and light. Instead of creating views out, the architect focused on catching light and giving it a spatial presence. The roof, made of two grids of thin concrete lamellae, brings in the homogeneous light typical of Nordic landscapes. Openings within the grid also allowed the preservation of existing trees as distinctive elements of the project; in Fehn’s work, heavy and ascetic materials like concrete or bricks were often juxtaposed with wood to recall the natural elements of his country.

Alongside numerous residential projects, Fehn spent his later career designing museums. Notable projects include the Glacier Museum, the Aukrust Museum, and the Hedmark Museum, where he continued to explore the relationship of buildings not only to their natural context but to their specific sites. 

For Fehn, there is an inevitable confrontation between nature and man-made structures. When considering how to ground his project to earth on a delimited base, Fehn’s work seeks to negotiate this conflict between the building and its untouched surroundings.

Norwegian Glacier Museum. Image © <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/boscdanjou/6040530144'>Flickr user boscdanjou</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/'>CC BY 2.0</a>
Norwegian Glacier Museum. Image © Flickr user boscdanjou licensed under CC BY 2.0
Norwegian Glacier Museum. Image © <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/boscdanjou/6043529367/'>Flickr user boscdanjou</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/'>CC BY 2.0</a>
Norwegian Glacier Museum. Image © Flickr user boscdanjou licensed under CC BY 2.0

Check out the thumbnails below to see Sverre Fehn's work featured on ArchDaily. Fehn’s complete bibliography can also be found at the Pritzker Prize website.

Nordic Pavilion in Venice. Image ©  Åke E:son Lindman Nordic Pavilion in Venice. Image ©  Åke E:son Lindman Nordic Pavilion in Venice. Image ©  Åke E:son Lindman Nordic Pavilion at Expo '70. Image Courtesy of Norwegian National Museum +13

Correction update: An earlier version of this article included images of the ruins at Hamar, with the glass covering added in 1998. While the ruins are located at the Hedmark Museum, which includes the Medieval Museum designed by Sverre Fehn, the glass covering was in fact designed by Lund and Slaatto Arkitekter. These images have therefore been removed from the article.

References:

  1. Per Olaf Fjeld, Sverre Fehn: The Pattern of Thoughts (New York: The Monacelli Press, 2009), p. 9.

Cite: Marie Chatel. "Spotlight: Sverre Fehn" 14 Aug 2017. ArchDaily. Accessed . <http://www.archdaily.com/793286/spotlight-sverre-fehn/>
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Nordic Pavilion in Venice. Image ©  Åke E:son Lindman

聚焦:斯维勒·费恩