ArchDaily | Broadcasting Architecture Worldwidethe world's most visited architecture website
i

Sign up now and start saving and organizing your favorite architecture projects and photos

i

Find the most inspiring products for your projects in our Product Catalog.

i

Get the ArchDaily Chrome Extension and be inspired with every new tab. Install here »

All
Projects
Products
Events
Competitions
  1. ArchDaily
  2. Projects
  3. Vehicular Bridge
  4. France
  5. RFR
  6. 2014
  7. Léon Blum Viaduct Bridge / RFR

Léon Blum Viaduct Bridge / RFR

  • 01:00 - 14 November, 2014
Léon Blum Viaduct Bridge / RFR
Léon Blum Viaduct Bridge / RFR, Courtesy of RFR
Courtesy of RFR

Courtesy of RFR Courtesy of RFR Courtesy of RFR Courtesy of RFR +25

  • Architects

  • Location

    Poitiers, France
  • Architect in Charge

    Jean-François Blassel / RFR
  • Project Year

    2014
  • Collaborators

    Daniel Garcia, Michael McDonagh, Andreas Schnubel, Adrien Quaglia, Linda Russell, Antoine Dupont-Guerra
  • Design-Build joint venture

    Vinci Construction France - GTM Bretagne – EBL centre, Freyssinet (Deconstruction), RFR
  • Landscape

    Michel Desvigne Paysagistes
  • Lighting designer

    8’18’’
  • Client

    Grand Poitiers, Communauté d'Agglomération de Poitiers
  • More SpecsLess Specs
Courtesy of RFR
Courtesy of RFR

From the architect. The Léon Blum Viaduct spans over a large high speed rail station and the Boivre river valley running through the center of Poitiers. The project is to create a line in the urban landscape of Poitiers connecting the historic city to the east and the new suburban landscape to the west by bridging the once industrial center and train station along the Boivre River at the base of the valley.

Elevation, Floor Plan
Elevation, Floor Plan

The bridge is a project of urban renewal, aligned with the recently constructed Theater in the eastern historic center. In addition, the project of the crossing, which replaces a pedestrian-only structure, incorporates a BRT bus network (Bus Rapid Transit). The new bridge therefore plays strategic role for the city development at a larger scale.

Courtesy of RFR
Courtesy of RFR

The viaduct accommodates 2 lanes of BRT bus and 2 pedestrian walkways of 3 m on each side of the deck.

The BRT station on the bridge takes its design cues from the form of the bridge. The curvature of the station roofs echoes the curvature of the wings on the underside of the bridge deck, thereby creating a fully cohesive design.

Courtesy of RFR
Courtesy of RFR

The design consists of a unique 310 meters long semi-Vierendeel steel decked truss. It is divided into 5 spans: (24+81+81+81+43), the main one reaching 81 meters. In plan, the bridge is designed as a uniform curve with a constant radius of R=2469 meters and a longitudinal slope of 2.8% increasing from West to East abutment.

RFR acted as Architect and Engineer for this winning design-build competition entry.

Courtesy of RFR
Courtesy of RFR

Main Architectural Concepts

The urban and functional requirements, on the one hand, and the fabrication and erection constraints, on the other hand, defined the architectural and technical response.

Courtesy of RFR
Courtesy of RFR

Three main objectives result from this:

- Simplicity of the general aspect of the bridge within the site.

- A fine articulation and scale with respect to the town.

- An erection procedure which is compatible with the built context and opportunities of the site.

Courtesy of RFR
Courtesy of RFR

We have chosen to create a structural continuity between the bridge deck and its vertical supports which are articulated at their base. In doing so, the area of the bridge which is most directly in contact with the town is freed from the kind of massive support commonly associated with this type of Bridge. This approach contributes to the integration of the Bridge within a constrained urban condition notably to either side of the Grand Cerf Boulevard.

Section
Section

The viaduct it’s an infrastructure well integrated in its landscape and within the city.

By complying with current urban needs, and offering a new possibility for public transportation, it renews the city and valley landscape, as well as the memory of the previous existing footbridge, without disruption.

Courtesy of RFR
Courtesy of RFR

The bridge design integrates all civil engineering requirements for such a structure, as well as, all technical constraints, including railway restrictions, and the complex construction site, but avoids the appearance of a typical road infrastructure.

Floor Plan
Floor Plan

The extensive studies carried out during detail design stage allowed to design a viaduct in full conformity and coherence with the initial conceptual vision. During this design process, the sections of the structural components have been optimized and refined to emphasize the slenderness of the architectural composition.

Courtesy of RFR
Courtesy of RFR

Structural Scheme

In order to reduce the ecological impact and to minimize the financial costs, the structure of the project has been developed from well-known state of the art economic and reliable erection and construction techniques and processes. This led to the design of a “structural lace”, composed by a series of clearly organized and hierarchized structural components that provide an answer to the structural needs and generate an open filigree structure blending gently in the city fabric.

Courtesy of RFR
Courtesy of RFR

The deck of the viaduct has a hybrid structure composed by a concrete slab and a steel lattice. Its height and width vary geometrically and behave structurally as an open girder box. The piers of the viaduct set accordingly to the urban fabric are structurally fully fixed at their top and moment free connected at their bottom. The structural built up profiles and boxes are made of welded laminated steel plates. The deck and the lateral edge “shells” are made of white concrete.

Diagram
Diagram

Lighting Scheme

By daytime, the friendly design of the bridge is absorbing, filtering and reflecting its own environment. By night time, the viaduct is fully revealing itself, echoing the light emanating from the theater and displaying its own focus towards it, establishing thus a dialog between these two constructions which are symbolizing the dynamism of the city.

Courtesy of RFR
Courtesy of RFR

The lighting principles are emphasizing the horizontality and the slenderness of the viaduct by a linear and continuous display of the significant architectural components, and more especially the bottom chord of the structure to reveal and emphasize its geometry.

Courtesy of RFR
Courtesy of RFR

The lighting scheme is emphasizing the materiality and the different surface aspects of the viaduct that are revealed but not the lighting devices themselves that are integrated and disappearing into the overall architecture. RFR developed a special lighting system, with articulated “arms” integrated in the handrail design, which can be rotated to facilitate access for maintenance.

Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Cite: "Léon Blum Viaduct Bridge / RFR" 14 Nov 2014. ArchDaily. Accessed . <http://www.archdaily.com/562616/leon-blum-viaduct-bridge-rfr/>
Read comments

0 Comments

···

Comments are closed

Read comments