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Mike & Ophelia Lazaridis Quantum-Nano Centre / KPMB Architects

© Doublespace Photography
© Doublespace Photography
  • Architects: KPMB Architects
  • Location: 200 University Avenue West, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
  • Architect In Charge: Marianne McKenna
  • Area: 26500.0 sqm
  • Project Year: 2012
  • Photographs: Doublespace Photography, James Brittain

© James Brittain © James Brittain © James Brittain © James Brittain

  • General Contractor: Aecon Buildings
  • Structural: Halsall Associates
  • Project Architects: Marianne McKenna, Mitchell Hall (principal-in-charge/design architect), Glenn MacMullin (project architect), Lucy Timbers (project architect), Nic Green, Sebastian Bartnicki, Jacki Chapel, Krista Clark, Virginia Fernandez, Omar Ghandi, Collin Gardner, Alexandra Gaudreau, Sabine Grimes, Takuma Handa, Fang Hsu, Ramon Janer, Lilly Liaukus, Bryn Marler, Elizabeth Paden, Olga Pushkar, Thom Seto, Roland Ulfig, Deborah Wang, Wendy Wisbrun, Garth Zimmer, François Brosseau
© James Brittain
© James Brittain

From the architect. The Quantum-Nano Centre (QNC) at the University of Waterloo is the first research facility of its kind in the world to bring together the disciplines of quantum com­puting and nanotechnology in one building. It was conceived to generate synergies between the respective fields of quantum computing and nanotechnology for ground­breaking research leading to innovative solutions and commercialization.

© James Brittain
© James Brittain

Site: The building is located on the University of Waterloo’s main campus in the Math/Computer/Science precinct and set within an existing network of routes and courtyards.

© James Brittain
© James Brittain

Program: The five-storey, 26,500-square-metre facility houses the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC), the Waterloo Institute for Nanotechnology and the University of Waterloo’s undergraduate program in nanotechnology engineering for up to 400 academics. It includes a 929-square-metre cleanroom with fabrication facilities for quantum and nanodevices, an advanced metrology suite, extensive teaching and research laboratories, a multi-purpose space/auditorium, seminar rooms and offices.

West Elevation
West Elevation

Concept: To provide the IQC and nanotechnology engineering each with its separate identity within the whole, the massing strategy combines two volumes joined by a common six-storey central atrium with two main entrances: one on the ring road to serve IQC and the other on the campus side for nano­technology engineering. The atrium also provides a sheltered pedestrian route and informal gathering space.

© James Brittain
© James Brittain

The IQC is housed in a ‘bar’ building with an east-west orientation. The heart of the IQC is the six-storey atrium with suspended stairs. Conceptually inspired by the Newton Institute in Cambridge, England, it features ‘mind spaces’ — lounge, office and meeting rooms — organized around the atrium to promote interdisciplinary interaction. A series of back-painted glass whiteboards reflect light and provide writing surfaces for capturing spontaneous ideas.

© James Brittain
© James Brittain

The nanotechnology engineering research ‘box’ faces the campus. The plan is based on a traditional laboratory building layout with perimeter offices and interior labs. The perimeter of the volume is supported by an exterior structural steel “honeycomb” which is suspended from concealed steel trusses in the penthouse. The structural honeycomb allows column-free, flexible office space and minimizes structural columns in the cleanroom below. The QNC is constructed to the most stringent scientific standards to reduce vibration, temperature fluctuations, electromagnetic fields and other sources of ‘noise’ that can disrupt quantum and nanoscale experiments.

© James Brittain
© James Brittain

In order to achieve an environment with low vibration, low electromagnetic interference (EMI) and minimal radio frequency interference, advanced structural, mechanical and electrical designs were employed and lab spaces were concentrated below grade where these effects are minimized.

© James Brittain
© James Brittain

Materials: The podium is clad with burnished concrete block to relate to the primarily masonry campus fabric of the University of Waterloo. The IQC façade plays on the concept of ‘superposition’ (where a digital switch can be on, off or both simultaneously) through degrees of reflection, transparency and the play of light on its surfaces.

Site Plan
Site Plan
Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Cite:"Mike & Ophelia Lazaridis Quantum-Nano Centre / KPMB Architects" 28 Nov 2013. ArchDaily. Accessed . <http://www.archdaily.com/452205/mike-and-ophelia-lazaridis-quantum-nano-centre-kpmb-architects/>