ArchDaily | Broadcasting Architecture Worldwidethe world's most visited architecture website

Sign up now and start saving and organizing your favorite architecture projects and photos


Find the most inspiring products for your projects in our Product Catalog.


Get the ArchDaily Chrome Extension and be inspired with every new tab. Install here »

  1. ArchDaily
  2. Projects
  3. Hotels
  4. The Netherlands
  5. OMA
  6. 2013
  7. De Rotterdam / OMA

De Rotterdam / OMA

  • 00:00 - 25 November, 2013
De Rotterdam / OMA
De Rotterdam / OMA, © Michel van de Kar
© Michel van de Kar

© Michel van de Kar © Charlie Koolhaas © Ossip van Duivenbode © Ossip van Duivenbode +34

© Ossip van Duivenbode
© Ossip van Duivenbode

21 November, Rotterdam – OMA today marks the completion of De Rotterdam, a mixed-use, 160,000m2 slab-tower conceived as a ‘vertical city’ on the river Maas.

Ellen van Loon: “Efficiency has been a central design parameter from day one. The extreme market forces at play throughout the course of the project, far from being a design constraint, have in fact reinforced our original concept. The result is a dense, vibrant building for the city.”

© Ossip van Duivenbode
© Ossip van Duivenbode

With the building’s completion, a critical mass has been established on the Kop van Zuid, realizing the long-established vision of a second city center south of the Maas. The building is named after one of the original ships on the Holland America Line, which from 1873 to the late 1970s transported thousands of emigrating Europeans bound for New York from the Wilhelmina Pier, next to which De Rotterdam is situated.

Program Isometry
Program Isometry

The three stacked and interconnecting towers of De Rotterdam rise 44 floors to a height of 150 meters and span a width of over 100 meters. Nevertheless, the building is exceptionally compact, with a mix of programs organized into distinct but overlapping blocks of commercial office space, residential apartments, hotel and conference facilities, restaurants and cafes. Office employees, residents and hotel guests are brought together in conference, sport and restaurant facilities. The building’s shared plinth is the location of the lobbies to each of the towers, creating a pedestrianized public hub by means of a common hall.

© Ossip van Duivenbode
© Ossip van Duivenbode

Rem Koolhaas: “Despite its scale and apparent solidity, the building’s shifted blocks create a constantly changing appearance, different from every part of the city. The fact that it stands today represents a small triumph of persistence for the city, the developer, the contractor and the architects.”

© Philippe Ruault
© Philippe Ruault

The various phases of design and construction were supervised by partners-in-charge Rem Koolhaas, Ellen van Loon and Reinier de Graaf, and associate-in-charge Kees van Casteren. De Rotterdam is developed by MAB Development and OVG Real Estate.

© Ossip van Duivenbode
© Ossip van Duivenbode
  • Building code consultant

    ABT Bouwkunde, Velp / Delft
  • Structural engineer

    Corsmit, Rotterdam
  • Structural advisor in SD phase

    Arup, London
  • Service engineers

    Techniplan, Rotterdam (offices, hotel) / Valstar Simonis, Rijswijk (apartments, plinth)
  • Façades

    Permasteelisa, Middelburg (offices, hotel, plinth) / TGM, Asten (apartments)
  • Fire safety / building physics

    DGMR, Arnhem
  • Lighting consultant ground floor / atrium

    Arup, Amsterdam
  • Scenography / lighting consultants hotel

    Ducks Scéno, Paris / Les Eclaireurs, Lyon
  • Team 1997-2001(50% SD)

    Christina Beaumont, Stefan Bendiks, Frans Blok, Robert Cheoff, Bert Karel Deuten, Sharon Goren, Juan Guardetti, Jens Holm, Alex de Jong, Adam Kurdahl, Carolien Ligtenberg, Anna Little, Nuno Rosado, Saskia Simon, Johan de Wachter, Barbara Wolff
  • Team 2001-2008(50% SD – building permit)

    Chantal Aquilina, Eva Dietrich, Anita Ernödi, Markus Frank, Jonah Gamblin, Clarisa Garcia-Fresco, Alex de Jong, Michel van de Kar, Christoph Michael, Elida Mosquera, Mauro Parravicini, Ippolito Pestellini Laparelli, Raphael Pulido, Louise Sullivan, Olaf Turck, Manuel Villanueva, with: Chun Chiu, Duncan Flemington, Evangelos Kotsioris, Sören Martinussen, Nobuki Ogasahara, Theo Petrides, Benoit Schelstraete, Ian Schopa, Kyo Stockhaus, Joao Viera Costa, Luca Vigliero, Jussi Vuori, Jean-Paul Willemse
  • Team 2008-2013(construction phase / interiors)

    Michel van de Kar (associate), Marlies Boterman, Christoph Michael, with: Katrien van Dijk, Nathalie Gozdziak, Sai Shu, Saskia Simon, Tomas Dirrix, Erik de Haan, Jue Qiu, Pal Trodahl
  • Interiors hotel (2013)

    Saskia Simon, Marina Cogliani, Clive Hennessey, Yasuhito Hirose, Arminas Sadzevicius
  • Executive architect

    B+M, The Hague
  • Elevators / escalators / building maintenance units

    Kone, The Hague
  • MEP

    Roodenburg, Krimpen aan den IJssel
  • Contractor

    Züblin, Stuttgart / Antwerp / Vlaardingen
  • Reception desks ground floor

    Smeulders, Nuenen
Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Cite: "De Rotterdam / OMA" 25 Nov 2013. ArchDaily. Accessed . <>
Read comments


archipicture · December 18, 2016

nice building! for some more (non-professional) images:

BG · July 13, 2016

definitely one of the best OMA buildings.

rem coolhaus · November 19, 2015

insane project and i like it when ideas for architecture stand the test of time - 15 years to get this done and still fresh :-)

Érica Morgado · September 19, 2014

extremely heavy. this building might work as a singular, but that's all.

Martin Lucas · May 22, 2014

Just compare it to the pretentious and clumsy KPN Tower by Renzo Piano, and you understand why no city needed this project more than Rotterdam.
This is neither a dildo nor a totem, it's a spatial device and a place to live. It's a generic scenery and a grid where anything is possible. It is surely an hommage to Mies and Yamasaki, but the stacking logic cuts down any potential vanity which would come from verticality.
That is why, against most critics, I LOVE this building, even if its materials might not reach the best environmental standards.

bibi · May 23, 2014 11:55 AM

"anything is possible" in a totem or a dildo just like in a relentless orthogonal grid. vanity doesnt come out solely of verticality. you can see vanity in cantilevers & mass proximities as well. but as long as vanity makes space to live fully in, i can take it.

error303 · December 31, 2013

In OMAs content, Koolhaas talks about not liking mies, but loving him. This falls neatly under the "I don't want to be interesting, I want to be good." Although good is heavily subjective, and personally i hate this building.

DavidG · December 03, 2013

One would imagine something of this mass and scale to stand out as a monstrosity on this landscape but that is not the case at all. It actually creates city. How very well done.

emad · November 27, 2013


kim bogun · November 27, 2013

There must be better way to express mass composition and surface..

'Tunji · November 27, 2013

The Exo Skeleton and window bays remind me of the World Trade Centre. How time flies

Axio · November 27, 2013

I find this project strangely compelling. I can't speak to whether its appropriate to Rotterdam as I haven't spent any time there, but taken as just the building, it strikes an interesting design balance between the cost-driven mundane and the excessively unique. I'd welcome it as an addition to NYC at the very least.

bibi · November 26, 2013

come on, it's architecture, it's not meant to live in.

Yufan · November 26, 2013

21st prison of workers

404 · November 26, 2013

Impressively stunningly awesome. I encourage this.

Rodrigo Vilas-Boas · November 26, 2013

Urban context or urban contest?
Fits Rotterdam like a glove!

alex · November 26, 2013

I disagree... I think its brilliant..a hymn to generic modernism

alex · November 25, 2013

I like it. It looks like Hong Kong

philippe · November 25, 2013

quite strange, could evoque one of Mies Van Der Rohe's buildings with something less cartesian. Maybe they should destroy the two buildings next to this one and just conserve this one ...

Andrei P. · November 25, 2013

21st century unite d´habitation

Pedro · November 24, 2013

Horrible. I can imagine, in 70 years, a more sensible civilization tearing it down.

Deano · November 24, 2013

The stout shape just destroys the city skyline. It's not like a European city.

gergana · November 23, 2013

just stopping by to say: it's horrible :((((

Bruno · December 15, 2013 10:40 PM

and who are you ?


Comments are closed

Read comments
© Michel van de Kar

De Rotterdam办公大楼 / OMA