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East River Blueway Plan / WXY Studio: New York City's Plan for Flood Barrier Along East River

The City of New York has long awaited renovations to the East River Greenway; squeezed between the FDR Drive to the west and the river to East, there are a few scattered public parks connected by a path that has been weathered and torn apart over the years.  The proposed Blueway is a coordinated collaboration between Manhattan Borough President Scott Stringer, Community Boards 3 and 6, State Assembly  Member Brian Kavanaugh and architecture and urban design firm WXY along that takes suggestions from the general public to develop a scheme that works within the framework of the existing Greenway and provides specific sites of waterfront access, development of wetlands and connectivity to the city and its waterways.  The stretch along the greenway that is the focus of the scheme developed by WXY runs from Midtown East at 38th street to the Brooklyn Bridge.    

East River Blueway Plan / WXY Studio
East River Blueway Plan / WXY Studio

The area that runs along the FDR, expands towards the river and finds its way under the highway's overpass has had flooding issues, neglected paving, and is dotted with infrastructure along the river.  Unlike the Hudson River Parkway along the West Side Highway, the East River Greenway has meager waterfront access and few piers to facilitate their development.  A study done by several city departments in 2011 determined ways to improve amenities along the greenway, incorporating elements such as ambient lighting and street furniture.  Now the focus has shifted to the river itself to determine ways in which to increase its usability and accessibility   And after Hurricane Sandy revealed the vulnerability of the hard edge of the East River, these same design considerations being developed by the team of council members and WXY can work to create a resistant and effective buffer against storm surges.

See what's happening at the Blueway after the break.

East River Blueway Plan / WXY Studio
East River Blueway Plan / WXY Studio

WXY is the urban design and architecture firm that has taken up the task of developing the Blueway with site-specific strategies along the length of that segment of the East River.  By pooling information from the community, draft plans and schematic designs have been developed to revise some of the existing infrastructure in more conscious ways.  WXY's design introduces greening portions of the hardscape elements under the overpasses to provide storm water management and flood management.  The plans also propose developing wetlands that can work to buffer against future storm surges. Wetlands can also provide habitats for wildlife, and sites for ecological restoration, and environmental learning centers. 

East River Blueway Plan / WXY Studio
East River Blueway Plan / WXY Studio

The hard edge along the East River is defined by its current infrastructure. Borough President Scott Stringer noted some community directed concerns in his conversation with Urban Omnibus last May.  Solar One and Stuyvesant Cove Park near Peter Cooper Village show how the public has reclaimed access to land along the waterfront that once had exclusively industrial interest.  The community wants to expand its access to the waterfront with boat launches, an eco-dock, facilities for environmental educations and ecological restoration projects.  Ferry access, restaurants and cafes, and fish cleaning facilities are among the diverse interests of the community.  A natural beach has also attracted some attention to develop nesting grounds for wildlife.  

East River Blueway Plan / WXY Studio
East River Blueway Plan / WXY Studio

Developing the park also requires thinking of new access points to the water front.  Stringer points out that considerations include more bus stops, more bike paths, safer pedestrian crossings, more pedestrian bridges that are ADA accessible.  Other challenges include storm water management that cascades from the FDR drive overpass and pools along the esplanade and flows into the river.  The East River Blueway Plan is also coordinating with plans north and south of its focus to push toward a more seamless experience along the river.  Currently, the path along the river cuts off at 38th street and begins again in at 59th street.  Competitions like "Close the Gap" have sought design solutions from architects, planners and students.  It is a long process, but with government and community commitment the project will be able to move beyond the drawing board and be realized.


Cite:Irina Vinnitskaya. "East River Blueway Plan / WXY Studio: New York City's Plan for Flood Barrier Along East River" 15 Feb 2013. ArchDaily. Accessed . <http://www.archdaily.com/332700/east-river-blueway-plan-wxy-studio-new-york-citys-plan-for-flood-barrier-along-east-river/>