Tribute to Oscar Niemeyer by Norman Foster

  • 06 Dec 2012
  • by
  • Architecture News Editor's Choice
Courtesy of Foster + Partners

Yesterday, Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer passed away at 104 . We share with you a tribute to the master written by Lord Norman Foster:

I was deeply saddened to learn of the death of . He was an inspiration to me – and to a generation of architects. Few people get to meet their heroes and I am grateful to have had the chance to spend time with him in Rio last year.

For architects schooled in the mainstream Modern Movement, he stood accepted wisdom on its head. Inverting the familiar dictum that ‘form follows function’, Niemeyer demonstrated instead that, ‘When a form creates beauty it becomes functional and therefore fundamental in architecture’.

It is said that when the pioneering Russian cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin visited Brasilia he likened the experience to landing on a different planet. Many people seeing Niemeyer’s city for the first time must have felt the same way. It was daring, sculptural, colourful and free – and like nothing else that had gone before. Few architects in recent history have been able to summon such a vibrant vocabulary and structure it into such a brilliantly communicative and seductive tectonic language.

One cannot contemplate Brasilia’s crown-like cathedral, for example, without being thrilled both by its formal dynamism and its structural economy, which combine to engender a sense almost of weightlessness from within, as the enclosure appears to dissolve entirely into glass. And what architect can resist trying to work out how the tapering, bone-like concrete columns of the Alvorada Palace are able to touch the ground so lightly. Brasilia is not simply designed, it is choreographed; each of its fluidly-composed pieces seems to stand, like a dancer, on its points frozen in a moment of absolute balance. But what I most enjoy in his work is that even the individual building is very much about the public promenade, the public dimension.

As a student in the early 1960s, I looked to Niemeyer’s work for stimulation; poring over the drawings of each new project. Fifty years later his work still has the power to startle us. His contemporary Art Museum at Niteroi is exemplary in this regard. Standing on its rocky promontory like some exotic plant form, it shatters convention by juxtaposing art with a panoramic view of Rio harbour. It is as if – in his mind – he had dashed the conventional gallery box on the rocks below, and challenged us to view art and nature as equals. I have walked the Museum’s ramps. They are almost like a dance in space, inviting you to see the building from many different viewpoints before you actually enter. I found it absolutely magic.

During our meeting last year, we spoke at length about his work – and he offered some valuable lessons for my own. It seems absurd to describe a 104 year old as youthful, but his energy and creativity were an inspiration. I was touched by his warmth and his great passion for life and for scientific discovery – he wanted to know about the cosmos and the world in which we live. In his words: “We are on board a fantastic ship!”

He told me that architecture is important, but that life is more important. And yet in the end his architecture is his ultimate legacy. Like the man himself, it is eternally youthful – he leaves us with a source of delight and inspiration for many generations to come.

December 2012

Cite: Basulto, David. "Tribute to Oscar Niemeyer by Norman Foster" 06 Dec 2012. ArchDaily. Accessed 30 May 2015. <>
  • DS

    Dear Mr. Foster,
    You wrote a wonderful tribute to a wonderful man. Who was the best among us.
    Sentence that you cite from the Oscar Niemeyer “We are on board a fantastic ship!” shows his spirit and that our life is a wonderful journey.

    • Cordula Rau

      Reply@DS : “Sentence that you cite from the Oscar Niemeyer “We are on board a fantastic ship!” shows his spirit and that our life is a wonderful journey.” >>>
      Yes. And “on board this fantastic ship” I remember Uwe Kiessler`s contribution for SEHNSUCHT, German Pavilion, Giardini, Venice, Architecture Biennale
      „Wenn Du ein Schiff bauen willst, dann trommle nicht Männer zusammen um Holz zu beschaffen, Aufgaben zu vergeben und die Arbeit einzuteilen, sondern lehre die Männer die Sehnsucht nach dem weiten, endlosen Meer.“
      Antoine de Saint-Exupery (Werk: Die Stadt in der Wüste / Citadelle)
      “If you want to build a ship, don’t drum up the men to gather wood, divide the work and give orders. Instead, teach them to yearn for the vast and endless sea.”
      - Antoine de Saint-Exupery, “The Wisdom of the Sands”

      R.I.P. Oscar Niemeyer, monument of our century

  • Luis

    a bit of Brazilian pride is gone…and everyone here feel that…more than an architect Oscar is an humanist…

  • sheida

    God bless to him…he was one of our treasure in architecture world.
    you are alive Oscar forever…

  • Ahmad Fahmy Mohamed

    The passion of such a great icon marks a definitive moment in architecture . The late Mr Niemeyer was a man well ahead of his time; his architectural solutions, timeless.
    May you rest in peace.

  • Shahriar Habibi

    God bless him. That’s really amazing to see how a very famous architect such as Norman Foster talking about Oscar Niemeyer.

  • Joash

    This is a wonderful tribute from such a respected personality to a great architect. The curve is feminine and attractive. RIP Oscar Niemeyer