Location: Escobar, Provincia of Buenos Aires, Argentina
Architects In Charge: Jorge Hampton, Emilio Rivoira
Associated Architect: Cristian Carnicer
Design Team: Roberto Lombardi, María Eugenia García Castera, María Eugenia Viña Raznovich, Juan Reartes, Ignacio Ruiz Orrico, Diego Tablada, Emilia Alvarado, Anahi Fedrizzi
Project Year: 2009
Photographs: Jorge Hampton, Emilio Rivoira, Fernando Mayán, Fundación Temaikén
Project Area: 7,500 sqm
Construction Management: Claudio Marquet
Advisor Of Concrete Structures And Foundations: Roberto Merega
Advisor Of Metal Structures: Daniel Isola, Jorge Hellhake.
Electrical System : Edgardo Sequeyra
Thermomechanical System: Marcelo Caramé
Plumbing And Gas System: Carlos Oneto
Client: Temaikén Foundation
Land Area: 3ha
The firm of architects Hampton Rivoira won the contest of a specific program for the Temaikén Biopark in Argentina. The contest aims to develop a theme park with birds from all around the world. This program emphasized the concept of total immersion of visitors in the aviaries. The new Birds’ place should replace the existing set of scattered smaller cages.
One of the challenges was to have a good technology for a very specific demand.
The demand of covering almost one hectare of the birds’ habitat with a net and a system of bearing arches, placed the architects in the difficult task of finding a system of tension and charge transfer from light industrial elements with complex geometries. Given this situation, it was present a tension between the reason and the intuition.
Each specie, over 250, occupies its own spatial layer from water level. Based on these features that were defined the different dimensions of cages, their connectivities, relations between service areas and public areas and the setting of ecosystems. The route of the inner pathways of the aviaries sum approximately 4500 meters.
The Great Aviary is the largest structure visible from the access routes. It also has double arches in the central part of 12 meters high and 30 meters of structural light. Also, it has low arches generating three areas of 900 m2 each. The enclosure is a stainless steel mesh of 25 mm2. This whole area is built on a slope towards the central lake. Thus, the paths of the visitors ascend and descend according to topography and limited visual within the different environments, however these are open to the lake.
In the aviaries you can find viewing platforms, aquatic areas, bridges, waterfalls “bridal veil” and even an area of libation of hummingbirds. The birds transition between the cages is made with a wooden cylinder and double chain curtains to prevent the intercontinental tourism of birds.
“We have learned a lesson here. The design and construction, by its technological and programmatic demand, are long, intricate, and subject to trial and error. This is how this dynamic process was, always with empathy between specialists and makers.”