ELEMENTAL: Incremental Housing and Participatory Design Manual

  • 10 Oct 2012
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  • Publications

What began as an academic initiative to improve the quality of life of poor strata of the population has meanwhile become a professional “do tank” offering services that cover the entire spectrum of urban development. Alejandro Aravena (1967 Santiago de Chile) founded in 2001 in his hometown with the goal of alleviating social deprivation directly instead of hoping for a balance of income relations. Besides building public facilities and public housing, also develops new approaches for the reorganization of resources and the potential of cities by means of projects devoted to infrastructure and transportation. This publication documents the social activity and history of the international architectural team and sheds light on its financing strategies, for example through participative building.

Texts by Alejandro Aravena and Andrés Iacobelli


009 Introduction
010 Elemental Timeline
013 What’s the Point ? : The Problem of Social Housing in a Few Words
017 Half a Good House ≠ One Small House
018 Housing as Investment and Not as Mere Social Expense

023 Principles of Elemental
024 The Relevance of the Housing Problem
028 Origins and Fundamentals
050 What is Elemental ?

053 Framework: Constraints and the Rules of the Game
054 Housing Policy until 2001
058 The Existing Offer: Three Typologies
064 Housing Policy 2001-2006

081 Elemental’s First Case : Quinta Monroy in Iquique
085 Assignment: X= 100f x US$7,500 x 30m2 / 0.5 ha.
091 What Was Available in the Market<
098 Elemental’s Proposal
112 The Architectural Project
116 The Project’s Socialization
138 The Proposal’s Construction
142 The Occupancy of the Houses
172 Eightteen Months Later…
190 Value Increase

195 Elemental’s Worldwide Architectural Competition
197 When Proving the Point is Not Enough
202 The Equation to Be Soved
206 The Results

241 The 7 Winning Projects
250 Elemental Antofagasta
266 Elemental Copiapó
278 Elemental Valparaiso
298 Elemental Renca
322 Elemental Chiguayante
350 Elemental Valdivia
364 Progress Diagrams

369 New Projects
370 New Rules of the Game: The 2006 Housing Policy
377 New Projects

451 Socialization Lessons: Recommendations for a Participatory Design
453 Phase A: Design
456 Phase B: Bidding
457 Phase C: Construction
462 Phase D: Habitation

465 Structural Lesson
467 Structure for the Final Scenario (Not Just the Initial One)
469 Prefabrication and Seismic Isolation

485 Architectural Lessons: Design Manual for Housing’s Financial Appreciation
490 Good Location Within the City
492 Harmonious Growth Over Time
494 Collective Space for the Extended Family
496 Building the Difficult Half of the House First
498 Middle-Class DNA

503 To Be Continued…

Publisher: Hatje Cantz
Language: English/Spanish
Pages: 512 (200 illustrations)
Dimensions: 17.40 x 24.20 cm
Format: Softcover in PVC slipcase
ISBN: 978-3-7757-3460-8

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- You can buy this book from Hatje Cantz
Cite: Hernandez, Diego. "ELEMENTAL: Incremental Housing and Participatory Design Manual" 10 Oct 2012. ArchDaily. Accessed 26 May 2015. <http://www.archdaily.com/?p=280082>