Santa Monica Parking Garage / Brooks & Scarpa

© John Edward Linden

Architects: Brooks + Scarpa
Location: Eight locations along 3rd Street Promenade,
Client/Owner: Tina Rodriguez, Project Manager –
Project Team: Lawrence Scarpa, FAIA – Principal-in-Charge, Angela Brooks, AIA, Omar Barcena, Mark Buckland, Brad Buter, Silke Clemens, Stephanie Ericson, AIA, Jordon Gearhart, Chris Ghatak, Luis Gomez, Emily Hodgdon, Ching Luk, Matt Majack, Gwynne Pugh, Sri Sumantri 
Architect of Record: Taylor Fierce Orne Architects
Project Area: 2,071,139 sqf
Project Year: 2011
Photographs: John Edward Linden

© John Edward Linden

was commissioned to design improvements to the Frank Gehry design garages at Santa Monica Place Mall as well as eight other city owned parking structures surrounding the popular 3rd Street Promenade of Santa Monica.

© John Edward Linden

Inspired by such diverse things ranging from the quilt makers of Gee’s Bend in southwest Alabama to manufacturers of industrial shipping pallets the architects explored the potential and role pattern making can play in architecture and building construction.

© John Edward Linden

The main feature of the structure is the building façade, which was designed from a single mass-produced and repeatable panel composed of a series of cement board slats formed into screens resembling lumber pallets. Each panel is approximately 10 feet by 16 feet and arranged in a slightly different position or orientation relative to each adjacent panel. Additionally, some panels have a slight shift in the position of a single plank within a number of various panels. This produces a visual perception of a non-repeating complex patterned facade that is aesthetically pleasing, visually diverse, provides screening of the parked cars and is economically mass-produced. The façade is multivalent and rich with meaning performing several roles for formal, functional and experiential effect. It is also intended to make the parking structure act visually more as a building that is part of the city fabric than simply a convenient place to park your car.

© John Edward Linden

Both garages adjoin and serve the Frank Gehry-designed Santa Monica Place, a 1980s indoor shopping mall that in 2011 was transformed by a the Jerde Partnership-led team into an open-air shopping promenade. The new Santa Monica Place builds upon the success of the 3rd Street Promenade and Southern California’s ideal outdoor climate, creating a more walkable and street-like atmosphere. The redesign of the garages preserves the iconic steel mesh signage created by Frank Gehry, while updating many other aesthetic and functional features for the 21st century.

east elevation

In addition to the new facades, these improvements include, retail on the ground level, a bike station, improved pedestrian access, signage and public art. These improvements will afford a much more convivial and welcoming experience for residents and for the millions of visitors the city receives every year.

north elevation

Brooks + Scarpa also created the infrastructure for the later installation of over 1000 solar-panel-equipped overhead canopies on the top parking levels, providing cooling shade for vehicles and pedestrians, as well as electric energy for the complex and many of the city’s public buildings.


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Cite: "Santa Monica Parking Garage / Brooks & Scarpa" 23 Jan 2012. ArchDaily. Accessed 22 May 2015. <>
  • Scott Sowers

    It’s fantastic to see efforts being made to make utilitarian structures (parking garges) beautiful.

  • Steven Dornbusch

    good “taste” beats out gutsy architecture. the Gees Bend explanation takes the cake. nearly all structures have utility. it is not necessary to periodically dress them up simply to keep their dress (the beautiful part you admire) in fashion. the original garage was quite cool, even cutting-edge. the mall is much better and more functional now, but this is the garage. more palatable to the public, but inferior architecturally.