Bicentennial Torch / José Pareja + Jesús Hernández

© Daniel Pareja

Architects: José Pareja +
Location: Guanajuato, México
Landscape Design: José Pareja Gómez, Jesús Hernández Martínez
Project Leaders: Jesús Hernández, José Pareja
Project Team: Abdiel Miranda, Isaí Padilla, Eduardo Muñoz, Claudia Pérez
Structural Project: Lucio Lerma
Project Year: 2010
Photographs: Daniel Pareja

Previously featured on Archdaily as an in-progress project, the Bicentennial Torch in was recently completed and is now fully operational. The inspiration is drawn from the mural “Lucha social” (in English: “Social struggle”), by Jose Clemente Orozco, which shows the leader of the independence, Don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, leading the insurrection by tightly grasping a flaming torch.

The sculptural and architectural proposal consists in a 45-meter tall element that emphasizes the hierarchy of the main entrance to the city of León, Guanajuato, México.


The monument consists of a 10-meter tall concrete volume, followed by a 35-meter steel structure made of one hundred rings, interspersed with a hundred voids, which act as optical negatives as a result of the shadow projected onto them. By nightfall, the sculpture becomes a great urban lamp, which aims to enlighten the surrounding environment through its body and scars.

© Daniel Pareja

Its body, marked by 200 scars, reveals on its skin its longevity, giving life at night to a hundred rings of light, representing also the centennial of the revolutionary movement and its importance in the independent living of Mexico today. The rings are crowned at 45 meters high with a cauldron from which a powerful beam of light is projected to the infinity, a perpetual flame symbolizing the independence and the nation’s future.

Sections and Elevations

The Bicentennial Torch is born as a tribute to the heroes who gave Mexico a homeland, where the fire lights the brave in times of darkness and injustice. It emerges from Mexican soil, illuminating the purest ideals of freedom and sovereignty.

© Daniel Pareja

A light path drawn from the bottom to the top of the monument links land and object, leading to the sky the perpetual flame of the Mexican independence, projecting it to the infinite.

Floor Plans

View this project in Google Maps

* Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address.
Cite: "Bicentennial Torch / José Pareja + Jesús Hernández" 09 Oct 2011. ArchDaily. Accessed 27 May 2015. <>
  • ASMA

    I think the design is exploring the possibilities of twisted skyscarper. The desing has an idea which can be easily readable through the scheme unlike some projects which has an idea that is not belong to the design concept.Good prespective of monumental design.

  • Albert

    Bloody amazing… Bravo, Mexico!

  • ernest

    this is so archaic as a menhir. perhaps a good design for the olimpics.

  • Sundos Mohamed

    Wo0ow ..
    i like this building and the way he thought about having this shape. from the elevation and the section i can’t imagine how it looks like from the inside. I want to visit it and see how could this be possible!!

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