Songdo International Business District / KPF

Courtesy of

Songdo International Business District (IBD) occupies over 1,500 acres of reclaimed land on the West Coast of , Korea. This waterfront master plan includes a diverse array of programmatic elements and is designed to be a pedestrian friendly city with walkable streets and an urban density that allows for an active street life. Signature features include, the New Songdo City First World Towers, Northeast Asia Trade Tower, the 100-arce Songdo Central Park, and the Songdo City International School.

Architect: Kohn Pedersen Fox
Location: Incheon, Korea
Photographs: H.G. Esch, KPF, Jaesung

© Jaesung

New Songdo City First World Towers

First World Towers is the first residential development to be realized in Songdo IBD. Housing 7,000 of the city’s 65,000 residents, FWT contains 2,545 apartments and live/work spaces, as well as a health club, a daycare center, and a seniors’ center.

© KPF

Consistent with the design guidelines established by the master plan, inspired by pedestrian cities of Europe and North America, the design for FWT employs a number of unprecedented concepts such as a pedestrian-scaled street grid, continuous street walls, and figural open spaces.

Associate Architect: Kunwon Architects
Project Area: 3,700,000 sqf

© H.G. Esch

Northeast Asia Trade Tower

Designed to be a landmark on the skyline of Songdo IBD, the Northeast Asia Trade Tower aims to both symbolize and embody the tenants of an international business hub in a free-trade zone. Occupying a site at the southern edge of Central Park, the tapering volume is a mixed-use development that combines office, hotel, and service apartment components, each with its own entrance lobby. The 1,010-foot-tall (308-meter-tall) tower offers views of the Yellow Sea, the city of Incheon, and the surrounding mountains.

Architect-of-Record: Heerim
Project Area: 1,500,000 sqf

© KPF

Songdo Central Park

KPF created mounds and canals in this 100-acre Central Park to reflect the surrounding natural context. Adjacent to the West Sea on the coast of Korea near Seoul, Songdo Central Park serves to connect to various civic and cultural destinations and the waterfront via a series of man-made seawater canals accessed by water taxi.

© Jaesung

The combination of these natural and manmade elements makes this park the cultural and recreational heart of Songdo IBD. Within the park, a series of pedestrian bridges have been designed over the canal system, serving as focal points within the landscape and making for unique destination points.

section

Throughout history, the bow bridge has been a popular structural form employed in Asian gardens, and footbridges are a common site in most Korean parks and gardens.

© Jaesung

Deriving their form from the Songdo ConvensiA Convention Center (also designed by KPF), the pedestrian bridges in Central Park reflect an undulating, sweeping arc shape and exist as a family of structures with readily identifiable pieces arranged in different combinations when taken all together.

Architect-of-Record: Yooshin
Canal Engineering: Arup & Partners
Park Engineering: Dae-Il and Ung-Do
Horticultural Consultant: U.P. Hedrick
Project Area: 4,400,000 sqf

© H.G. Esch

Songdo International School

KPF developed a state-of-the-art learning complex for over 2,000 students (K through 12) that facilitates diverse learning and teaching styles. KPF aimed to create distinct, yet related student communities through advanced planning and design strategies.

© H.G. Esch

The design gives a unique material to each school community identity. Layers of stepped sections and sunken gardens separate these areas without creating barriers, invoking the interplay of solid and void that underlies traditional Korean design.

Project Team: James von Klemperer (Design Principal), Gregory Clement (Managing Principal), Gregory Weithman (Project Manager), Methanee Massirarat (Senior Designer), Ming Leung (Job Captain), Chihiro Aoyama, Allison Austin, Jason Carney, David Goldschmidt, Aaron Kominos-Smith, Jinseuk Lee, Kangsoo Lee, Irene Molina, Marc Remshardt, Eric Smith, Xiaolu Zhou
Contractor: POSCO E&C
Associate Architect: Gansam Partners
Consulting Engineers: Arup & Partners
Mechanical/Electrical/Plumbing & Lighting: Cosentini
Curtain wall: CDC
Facade Maintenance: Entek
Acoustical: Cerami
Project Area: 506,000 sqf

Cite: Henry, Christopher. "Songdo International Business District / KPF" 14 Mar 2011. ArchDaily. Accessed 22 Dec 2014. <http://www.archdaily.com/?p=118790>
  • zhaoallison

    what is this about? the article had said nothing…

  • cl

    where are the people in the photos (aside from the handful of people in one)? I hate architectural photos with no people in them. what’s the point?

  • peeps

    this is an urban planning project with no people… no vibrancy, at least through these limted photos. how lame. ooo, look at the shiny objects… so pretty. boring.

  • hae

    You expect people, despite it being unfinished? I hope it isn’t common practice in your part of the World to have people roam around on a construction site… It’s essentially a whole new city, specifically for the business community, and such..